France, social portrait2013 Edition
France, Social Portrait is for everyone who would like to learn more about French society.
Between 1995 and 2011, the average earned income increased by 0.7% on average annually in constant euros: +0.8% in the private sector compared to +0.3% in the public sector
From 1995 to 2011, earned income rose on average by 0.7% annually in constant euros. It has slowed since 2008 and fell by 0.2% in 2011, more markedly for civil servants and older workers. Earned income is the sum of all the wages received by a person during the year. The gaps in earned income among salaried employees are high: a quarter of those with the highest earned income receive on average ten times more than the quarter of those with the lowest incomes. Over the whole population, the differences in length of employment over the year (short-term contracts, part-time) explain 85% of these gaps, the differences in hourly pay 15%. In 2011, women's earned incomes were 24% below those of men. The pay gap between men and women persisted despite a decrease during the crisis. The gaps in hourly pay explain nearly half of the wage gap between men and women. While the share of women among executives increased, segregation by sector of activity persisted.