Données sociales : La société française - 2006 ed.
Twenty years of spending on housing
Accommodation has become the leading household budget item, far ahead of food. At the start of the 1980s, these two expenses represented 14% and 15% respectively of the household budget; in 2004, accommodation represented 21% and food 12%. This increase is a result of rising house prices, but also of the improving quality of housing. Spending on housing has increased by an average of 5.2% per year for 20 years. This high growth is largely due to rent, whilst spending on energy and, to a lesser extent, charges have moderated it. In 2004, rents represented three quarters of housing recurrent expenditures. Energy only represented 16%, two times less than twenty years earlier. The proportion of charges remained stable at around 10 %. The State and local authorities finance an increasing share of recurrent expenditures. Means-tested housing benefit paid to tenants went from 11% of the expenses in 1984 to 16% in 2004 and were focused on the poorest households. Since 2003, there has been a large rise in spending on housing, mainly due to increasing rents. Rises in energy prices, which generally had a moderating role during the past twenty years, further reinforced this rise in 2005.