Données sociales : La société française - 2006 ed.

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Paru le : 01/05/2006
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Women and occupations: 20 years of contrasted evolutions

Monique Meron, Mahrez Okba, Xavier Viney

The number of women in the labour market continues to increase and is becoming closer to that of men. However, the unequal distribution of men and women between occupations remains stable, despite significant transformations in employment. On the one hand, there is an increasing number of women in human service jobs and in low-skilled, sometimes precarious, often part-time jobs which are growing rapidly; on the other hand, with levels of education and training becoming equivalent or superior to those of men, more women are working in certain skilled professions which are in expansion. The distribution of jobs amongst the youngest and most qualified workers in 2002 reveals fewer differences between the sexes than twenty years ago; the opposite is true amongst the older and least qualified workers. Women remain largely concentrated in certain professions and, overall, the segregation of feminine and masculine jobs according to occupation is not fading.

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Paru le : 01/05/2006