Économie et Statistique n° 478-479-480 - 2015Social and fiscal measures for families - Link between diploma and professional integration - Dossier: Time Use survey
How useful is a diploma in professional integration? The example of French Higher Technical Certificates (BTS)
Does passing a diploma at the end of courses of study translate into better integration on the job market? For young people in higher technical studies, passing their Higher Technical Certificate (BTS) seems to offer better opportunities. Those who graduated are distinguished from the other young people who failed their final year by characteristics that would appear to be more favourable to integration, such as their past schooling and family backgrounds. For example, earlier in their schooling these students showed better results in mathematics during the first year of secondary school. Among those who did not graduate, these differences are smaller between those who made it into the final year of studies and those who stopped in the first year. These differences are taken into account by logistic regressions. Among young people who have completed the two years of training, graduates have more frequent access to employment, more stable, and often full-time, employment, and a higher social category. However, this advantage is barely noticeable after the first year following the end of studies, but shows up to a greater extent two or three years after. It is also more pronounced for those specialised in production than those specialised in services. We used data from the INSEE and DEPP-SIES panel of students beginning secondary school in 1995, followed over the course of their secondary studies, in higher education, and their entry into employment.