Insee
Informations Rapides · 23 February 2024 · n° 45
Informations rapidesRebound in business births registered in January 2024 Enterprise births - January 2024

In January 2024, the number of business births for all types of enterprises bounced back month on month (+2.7% after ‑1.5% in December, seasonally and working-day adjusted), due to an increase in micro-entrepreneurs' registrations (+2.7% after being stable in December) and a rebound in conventional business births (+2.8% after ‑4.0%).

The raw number of business births over the last twelve months (February 2023 to January 2024) increased by 1.1% compared to that of the same period one year earlier (February 2022 to January 2023).

Informations rapides
No 45
Paru le :Paru le23/02/2024
Prochaine parution le : 26/04/2024 at 08:45 - March 2024
Warning

The variations in business births compared to 2023 should be interpreted with great caution. Since 1 January 2023, formalities for registering a business must be carried out on the electronic “one-stop shop” for business formalities. This major change weakened the monthly monitoring of business births in 2023. However, the effect of this change on the measurement of the amount of business births in 2023 is limited overall. Further information about this change is available on the Documentation tab of the on-line version of this publication.

In January 2024, the number of business births for all types of enterprises bounced back month on month (+2.7% after ‑1.5% in December, seasonally and working-day adjusted), due to an increase in micro-entrepreneurs' registrations (+2.7% after being stable in December) and a rebound in conventional business births (+2.8% after ‑4.0%).

The raw number of business births over the last twelve months (February 2023 to January 2024) increased by 1.1% compared to that of the same period one year earlier (February 2022 to January 2023).

Business monthly start-ups

Seasonally and working-day adjusted data (SA-WDA)
Business monthly start-ups (Seasonally and working-day adjusted data (SA-WDA))
Conventional businesses Total of entreprise start-ups
2024-01 34360 94066
2023-12 33409 91574
2023-11 34819 92976
2023-10 34301 92265
2023-09 34101 92059
2023-08 31989 93189
2023-07 31736 89319
2023-06 31100 85949
2023-05 31258 83354
2023-04 31393 86424
2023-03 30788 83339
2023-02 29869 82563
2023-01 30365 81623
2022-12 34869 88780
2022-11 34321 90779
2022-10 33942 89925
2022-09 34866 89431
2022-08 34846 88387
2022-07 35147 87846
2022-06 34509 85800
2022-05 32456 83474
2022-04 34149 85750
2022-03 34646 88331
2022-02 34337 86919
2022-01 33943 89722
2021-12 33642 87098
2021-11 33676 82891
2021-10 33579 85723
2021-09 32392 82188
2021-08 33171 83582
2021-07 34192 85026
2021-06 36993 91010
2021-05 38089 93725
2021-04 34155 88883
2021-03 33803 89881
2021-02 33775 90319
2021-01 34605 88072
2020-12 34021 89726
2020-11 33129 87603
2020-10 32804 85363
2020-09 33998 88422
2020-08 35775 90188
2020-07 31962 86365
2020-06 29746 79076
2020-05 23591 60243
2020-04 14840 36307
2020-03 22707 54287
2020-02 30922 73474
2020-01 30012 74820
2019-12 29644 77019
2019-11 30821 74705
2019-10 30160 73281
2019-09 30432 72547
2019-08 30572 72812
2019-07 30499 71834
2019-06 29395 70318
2019-05 32565 75409
2019-04 30017 68983
2019-03 31376 71801
2019-02 30577 69972
2019-01 31123 70423
2018-12 29335 64407
2018-11 28655 63031
2018-10 29671 65141
2018-09 29626 64657
2018-08 29776 63696
2018-07 29326 62696
2018-06 30370 64989
2018-05 28841 61289
2018-04 29235 61348
2018-03 28820 60685
2018-02 28728 60290
2018-01 28224 58113
2017-12 28861 58481
2017-11 31183 60215
2017-10 29403 57532
2017-09 28295 55535
2017-08 28689 55332
2017-07 28323 56410
2017-06 28198 53878
2017-05 27237 51933
2017-04 27751 52645
2017-03 27567 52695
2017-02 27831 52509
2017-01 28150 52593
2016-12 27748 50155
2016-11 27073 51145
2016-10 25834 49328
2016-09 25923 49983
2016-08 25120 47949
2016-07 25985 49159
2016-06 26035 50024
2016-05 25985 50162
2016-04 25791 50949
2016-03 25926 48984
2016-02 27352 50528
2016-01 26161 49794
2015-12 25331 49559
2015-11 24423 46801
2015-10 24783 48051
2015-09 24872 47877
2015-08 24924 47640
2015-07 23972 46681
2015-06 23571 46307
2015-05 24188 47099
2015-04 24083 48055
2015-03 22450 45780
2015-02 22711 45972
2015-01 23770 46111
2014-12 25031 48661
2014-11 25696 50690
2014-10 24891 48362
2014-09 24927 48756
2014-08 25548 49849
2014-07 25166 49068
2014-06 24686 47340
2014-05 25851 49734
2014-04 25644 48373
2014-03 25355 48317
2014-02 24895 47872
2014-01 25309 48662
2013-12 24539 47124
2013-11 25170 48516
2013-10 25807 48453
2013-09 25121 47711
2013-08 24393 46430
2013-07 24180 46451
2013-06 25199 48178
2013-05 24424 47314
2013-04 24375 47381
2013-03 24962 48072
2013-02 24501 47487
2013-01 23560 45906
2012-12 21757 44492
2012-11 21362 46063
2012-10 21984 46964
2012-09 21776 47076
2012-08 22083 48830
2012-07 22734 48715
2012-06 22405 48976
2012-05 20940 45908
2012-04 21320 46806
2012-03 22307 48558
2012-02 22097 47176
2012-01 23041 48001
2011-12 23619 48546
2011-11 24473 50234
2011-10 22253 45950
2011-09 23546 47899
2011-08 23372 46838
2011-07 23687 48955
2011-06 22349 46757
2011-05 23449 46218
2011-04 23413 46985
2011-03 23251 45605
2011-02 23588 47481
2011-01 23277 46327
2010-12 23101 47349
2010-11 23676 51764
2010-10 23809 54333
2010-09 23893 51176
2010-08 24458 52225
2010-07 23459 51283
2010-06 24354 47546
2010-05 23942 54139
2010-04 23260 53959
2010-03 23226 57882
2010-02 23006 56979
2010-01 24168 56467
2009-12 25057 57042
2009-11 23949 52385
2009-10 23061 51702
2009-09 22911 50951
2009-08 22750 51321
2009-07 22169 50522
2009-06 23275 51701
2009-05 24075 54809
2009-04 23370 50898
2009-03 23904 49603
2009-02 24940 43621
2009-01 24512 37088

Business monthly start-ups

  • Source: INSEE, SIDE.

Business set-ups by month

Seasonally and working-day adjusted data (SA-WDA)
Business set-ups by month (Seasonally and working-day adjusted data (SA-WDA))
Type of enterprise Oct.23 / Sep.23 (in %) Nov.23 / Oct.23 (in %) Dec.23 / Nov.23 (in %) Jan.24 / Dec.23 (in %) Jan.24
Total businesses set-ups 0.2 0.8 -1.5 2.7 94,066
Conventional businesses 0.6 1.5 -4.0 2.8 34,360
Self-managed micro-entrepreneurs 0.0 0.3 0.0 2.7 59,707
  • Source: INSEE, SIDE.

Increase in business births over a month in most sectors

In January 2024, seasonally and working-day adjusted, business births increased in most sectors and reached a monthly level unseen since the start of the series (2000). They bounced back sharply in household services activities (+5.3% after ‑1.1%), in industry (+8.5% after ‑8.3%) and in accommodation and food service activities (+10.1% after ‑4.3%). Conversely, they declined in real estate activities (‑4.2% after +0.2%).

Year-on-year increase in business births over the past three months

The raw number of business set up from November 2023 to January 2024 rose sharply in comparison with the same months one year earlier (+6.0%). This increase was driven by brisk micro-entrepreneurs’ registrations (+9.2%) and conventional sole proprietorships’ births (+7.9%). Conversely, company births decreased (‑1.6%).

Over this period, transportation and storage activities made the largest positive contribution to the overall increase (+4,700 business births compared to the same months one year earlier, representing a contribution* of +1.8 points). Within this sector, the rise was due in particular to that in “other postal and courier activities” (+3,000 business births over the last three months), which includes in particular home delivery.

* The contribution of a sector to the overall variation is the variation observed in this sector, weighted by the share of this sector in the total number of births.

Increase in business births over the last twelve months

The raw number of business births totted up over the last twelve months (from February 2023 to January 2024) increased (+1.1% year on year), due to a sharp rise in micro-entrepreneurs’ registrations (+5.4%). Conversely, company births (‑6.9%) and conventional sole proprietorships’ births (‑3.0%) decreased sharply.

Cumulated business start-ups by type

Raw data
Cumulated business start-ups by type (Raw data)
Type of enterprise Moving total % change * Moving total for the first month of the year
Over 3 months over 12 months 2024 2023
Total 6.0 1.1 105,097 88,597
Companies -1.6 -6.9 25,733 23,223
Conventional sole proprietorships 7.9 -3.0 11,636 9,088
Self-managed micro-entrepreneurs 9.2 5.4 67,728 56,286
  • *Total of business start-ups during the last 3 or 12 months compared with the same months a year earlier
  • Source: INSEE, SIDE.

62.4% of business births in the last three months were micro-entrepreneurs

% of all business births (raw data)
62.4% of business births in the last three months were micro-entrepreneurs (% of all business births (raw data))
Type of enterprise Cumulative births over the last month (January 2024) Cumulative births over the last 3 months (November 2023 to January 2024) Cumulative births over the last 12 months (February 2023 to January 2024) Cumulative births over the last 12 months, one year ago (February 2022 to January 2023)
Total 100 100 100 100
Companies 24.5 26.5 25.5 27.7
Sole proprietorships excluding self-managed micro-entrepreneurs 11.1 11.1 10.9 11.4
Self-managed micro-entrepreneurs 64.4 62.4 63.6 60.9
  • Source: INSEE, SIDE.

Trade and business support activities monthly start-ups

Seasonally and working-day adjusted data (SA-WDA)
Trade and business support activities monthly start-ups (Seasonally and working-day adjusted data (SA-WDA))
Trade Business support activities
2024-01 13342 22708
2023-12 13047 22443
2023-11 13133 23031
2023-10 12938 23557
2023-09 12979 23288
2023-08 13551 23789
2023-07 12186 22789
2023-06 11634 22589
2023-05 11499 21801
2023-04 11987 22761
2023-03 11616 22179
2023-02 11462 21745
2023-01 11253 21530
2022-12 12135 22977
2022-11 12348 23161
2022-10 12271 23982
2022-09 12508 22872
2022-08 12097 23262
2022-07 12442 22657
2022-06 12062 21846
2022-05 11124 21470
2022-04 12194 21533
2022-03 12339 22000
2022-02 12751 21595
2022-01 12695 23105
2021-12 12524 21538
2021-11 12447 19345
2021-10 13036 20220
2021-09 12923 19133
2021-08 13119 19104
2021-07 13964 18969
2021-06 14983 20349
2021-05 16040 20821
2021-04 15161 19292
2021-03 15518 18257
2021-02 15889 18497
2021-01 17167 17987
2020-12 17273 18727
2020-11 17144 18194
2020-10 16398 17994
2020-09 17191 18474
2020-08 18521 18956
2020-07 18057 17675
2020-06 16029 16747
2020-05 13682 14032
2020-04 7884 9259
2020-03 9093 13487
2020-02 13249 16020
2020-01 13285 16823
2019-12 12541 17885
2019-11 13048 16947
2019-10 12550 16789
2019-09 12723 16879
2019-08 12867 16592
2019-07 12537 16924
2019-06 12209 16380
2019-05 13212 17884
2019-04 12657 15449
2019-03 13266 16044
2019-02 12862 15743
2019-01 13502 15554
2018-12 11833 14743
2018-11 12007 13622
2018-10 12326 14639
2018-09 12615 14369
2018-08 12537 14330
2018-07 12523 14179
2018-06 12713 14470
2018-05 11890 13958
2018-04 12008 13569
2018-03 11901 13710
2018-02 11856 13408
2018-01 11538 12962
2017-12 11894 12817
2017-11 12080 13298
2017-10 12287 12851
2017-09 11846 12275
2017-08 11755 12263
2017-07 11256 12659
2017-06 11121 12085
2017-05 10668 11482
2017-04 10969 11440
2017-03 10836 11222
2017-02 10997 11052
2017-01 11523 10876
2016-12 10188 10842
2016-11 10541 10843
2016-10 9857 10480
2016-09 10112 10820
2016-08 9430 10294
2016-07 9890 10285
2016-06 10279 10368
2016-05 10511 10435
2016-04 10504 10716
2016-03 10740 9918
2016-02 12144 10293
2016-01 10402 10419
2015-12 10139 10510
2015-11 9657 9578
2015-10 9996 9995
2015-09 9841 9766
2015-08 9696 9698
2015-07 9732 9669
2015-06 9553 9411
2015-05 10023 9413
2015-04 9997 9948
2015-03 9270 9570
2015-02 9462 9667
2015-01 9363 9659
2014-12 10092 9993
2014-11 10524 10194
2014-10 10009 9950
2014-09 10042 10068
2014-08 10211 10424
2014-07 10250 10119
2014-06 9523 9911
2014-05 10291 10210
2014-04 9990 9907
2014-03 9982 9855
2014-02 9842 9788
2014-01 10181 9876
2013-12 9802 9579
2013-11 10237 9669
2013-10 10350 9665
2013-09 10367 9487
2013-08 10249 9220
2013-07 10081 9390
2013-06 10477 9621
2013-05 9988 9535
2013-04 10026 9743
2013-03 10461 9621
2013-02 10216 9603
2013-01 9604 9275
2012-12 9439 9049
2012-11 9437 9343
2012-10 9515 9501
2012-09 9707 9290
2012-08 9824 10230
2012-07 9807 10042
2012-06 9846 9911
2012-05 9345 9550
2012-04 9379 9723
2012-03 9699 10081
2012-02 9564 9623
2012-01 9849 9677
2011-12 10095 9992
2011-11 10033 10468
2011-10 9375 9419
2011-09 10190 9772
2011-08 9643 9553
2011-07 10150 10797
2011-06 9944 9826
2011-05 9665 9351
2011-04 10084 9877
2011-03 9643 9380
2011-02 10118 10055
2011-01 9732 9827
2010-12 9817 10080
2010-11 10505 11179
2010-10 10970 12065
2010-09 10900 10766
2010-08 10920 11027
2010-07 10665 11333
2010-06 10218 9954
2010-05 11291 11741
2010-04 11321 11695
2010-03 11997 12550
2010-02 11983 12115
2010-01 11921 12272
2009-12 12328 11961
2009-11 11439 10903
2009-10 11490 10998
2009-09 11213 10873
2009-08 11200 11066
2009-07 11393 10775
2009-06 11262 11152
2009-05 12039 11642
2009-04 11180 10890
2009-03 10863 11035
2009-02 10098 8537
2009-01 9204 6782

Trade and business support activities monthly start-ups

  • Source: INSEE, SIDE.

Construction and transportation business monthly set-ups

Seasonally and working-day adjusted data (SA-WDA)
Construction and transportation business monthly set-ups (Seasonally and working-day adjusted data (SA-WDA))
Construction Transportation and storage
2024-01 7528 8287
2023-12 7429 8313
2023-11 8393 7956
2023-10 7914 8418
2023-09 8213 8140
2023-08 7395 8079
2023-07 7175 7650
2023-06 6765 6578
2023-05 6982 6468
2023-04 7018 6375
2023-03 6897 5742
2023-02 7006 6005
2023-01 7305 6228
2022-12 8174 7244
2022-11 8176 6613
2022-10 8230 6252
2022-09 8074 6274
2022-08 7791 6616
2022-07 7951 6287
2022-06 7870 6409
2022-05 7558 6056
2022-04 7845 6294
2022-03 8067 7187
2022-02 7683 7263
2022-01 7811 7559
2021-12 7881 7666
2021-11 7645 7861
2021-10 7717 8081
2021-09 7471 8748
2021-08 7606 9151
2021-07 7503 8454
2021-06 8063 9841
2021-05 7857 12000
2021-04 7722 13082
2021-03 7724 14210
2021-02 7708 13017
2021-01 7690 11338
2020-12 7945 11155
2020-11 8679 11067
2020-10 7775 10984
2020-09 8126 11158
2020-08 8427 10558
2020-07 7902 10843
2020-06 7355 10874
2020-05 4936 6470
2020-04 2927 2741
2020-03 5018 4556
2020-02 7490 6366
2020-01 7308 6689
2019-12 7467 6057
2019-11 7569 6642
2019-10 7255 7034
2019-09 7225 6421
2019-08 7149 6364
2019-07 7364 6332
2019-06 6914 6951
2019-05 6880 7383
2019-04 6414 6991
2019-03 6509 7829
2019-02 6348 7558
2019-01 6321 7155
2018-12 5964 6864
2018-11 5845 6620
2018-10 6025 6396
2018-09 5997 6344
2018-08 5926 6250
2018-07 5974 6012
2018-06 6206 6033
2018-05 5583 5603
2018-04 5946 5361
2018-03 5790 4918
2018-02 5850 4744
2018-01 5453 4665
2017-12 5643 4490
2017-11 5869 4216
2017-10 5656 3672
2017-09 5374 3194
2017-08 5442 3274
2017-07 5559 3674
2017-06 5407 3218
2017-05 5398 3030
2017-04 5330 3081
2017-03 5368 3137
2017-02 5325 3330
2017-01 5327 3156
2016-12 5028 2991
2016-11 5152 2850
2016-10 5134 3080
2016-09 5268 2975
2016-08 5336 2482
2016-07 5383 2996
2016-06 5447 2886
2016-05 5345 2786
2016-04 5568 2698
2016-03 5331 2420
2016-02 5217 2333
2016-01 5493 2414
2015-12 5412 2543
2015-11 5354 2341
2015-10 5349 2335
2015-09 5825 2007
2015-08 5720 1766
2015-07 5516 1561
2015-06 5501 1589
2015-05 5691 1565
2015-04 5621 1699
2015-03 5402 1883
2015-02 5388 1225
2015-01 5455 1168
2014-12 5977 1291
2014-11 6233 2215
2014-10 6288 1217
2014-09 6289 1239
2014-08 6291 1344
2014-07 6376 1233
2014-06 6338 1094
2014-05 6642 1115
2014-04 6806 1088
2014-03 6688 1113
2014-02 7013 1135
2014-01 6792 1160
2013-12 6622 1084
2013-11 6891 1006
2013-10 6975 1004
2013-09 6552 1000
2013-08 6470 981
2013-07 6550 975
2013-06 6854 1025
2013-05 6786 1025
2013-04 6679 919
2013-03 6860 936
2013-02 6613 907
2013-01 6456 852
2012-12 6394 783
2012-11 6971 819
2012-10 7343 856
2012-09 7511 830
2012-08 7568 915
2012-07 7511 965
2012-06 7439 944
2012-05 6644 785
2012-04 6944 853
2012-03 7125 856
2012-02 6848 809
2012-01 7006 805
2011-12 6988 791
2011-11 7585 807
2011-10 6799 852
2011-09 7022 822
2011-08 7300 930
2011-07 6858 826
2011-06 6857 797
2011-05 6931 821
2011-04 6773 845
2011-03 6791 812
2011-02 6777 798
2011-01 6568 818
2010-12 7020 780
2010-11 7923 827
2010-10 8037 845
2010-09 7714 847
2010-08 7460 807
2010-07 7148 819
2010-06 6726 778
2010-05 7975 854
2010-04 7849 821
2010-03 8517 921
2010-02 8464 846
2010-01 8126 883
2009-12 8117 765
2009-11 7564 723
2009-10 7388 759
2009-09 7323 709
2009-08 7012 756
2009-07 7148 724
2009-06 6976 769
2009-05 6911 823
2009-04 6659 741
2009-03 6265 719
2009-02 6009 710
2009-01 4939 647

Construction and transportation business monthly set-ups

  • Source: INSEE, SIDE.

Number of monthly business set-ups (incl. self-managed micro-entrepreneurs)

Seasonally and working-day adjusted data (SA-WDA)
Number of monthly business set-ups (incl. self-managed micro-entrepreneurs) (Seasonally and working-day adjusted data (SA-WDA))
Aggregated classification Code Nov-23 Dec-23 Jan-24
Total 92,976 91,574 94,066
Industry BE 6,149 5,638 6,118
Of which Manufacturing C 3,929 3,535 3,801
Construction FZ 8,393 7,429 7,528
Wholesale and retail trade, Transport, Accommodation and Food and beverage activities GI 24,869 24,978 25,612
Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles G 13,132 13,047 13,342
Transportation and storage H 7,956 8,313 8,287
Accommodation and food service activities I 3,781 3,618 3,983
Information and communication JZ 5,092 5,895 5,982
Financial and insurance activities KZ 2,921 2,818 3,176
Real estate activities LZ 3,074 3,080 2,950
Business support activities MN 23,031 22,443 22,708
Education, human health and social work activities PQ 8,496 8,469 8,600
Other services activities RS 10,950 10,824 11,393
  • Source: INSEE, SIDE.

Fluctuation in the number of business set-ups (incl. self-managed micro-entrepreneurs)

In %
Fluctuation in the number of business set-ups (incl. self-managed micro-entrepreneurs) (In %) - ** Total of business start-ups during the last 3 or 12 months compared with the same months a year earlier
Aggregated classification Code Monthly variation SA-WDA * Moving total % change**
Jan.24 / Dec.23 over 3 months over 12 months
Total 2.7 6.0 1.1
Industry BE 8.5 20.7 9.9
Of which Manufacturing C 7.5 7.0 -4.2
Construction FZ 1.3 -2.1 -7.2
Wholesale and retail trade, Transport, Accommodation and Food and beverage activities GI 2.5 14.9 5.1
Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles G 2.3 9.8 1.5
Transportation and storage H -0.3 23.7 10.7
Accommodation and food service activities I 10.1 15.9 7.6
Information and communication JZ 1.5 8.3 9.4
Financial and insurance activities KZ 12.7 3.5 -4.2
Real estate activities LZ -4.2 -16.2 -13.1
Business support activities MN 1.2 -0.4 0.5
Education, human health and social work activities PQ 1.6 3.0 -3.2
Other services activities RS 5.3 11.7 1.7
  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data
  • ** Total of business start-ups during the last 3 or 12 months compared with the same months a year earlier
  • Source: INSEE, SIDE.

Revisions

The monthly variation in business births of all types of enterprises for December 2023 has been revised upwards by 0.1 points. It stands at ‑1.5%.

For further information

The business births data are build from the Business Demography Information System (SIDE) which replaces the Register of Enterprises and Establishments (REE). This information system is itself supplied with data from SIRENE and enriched with elements from the SIRUS statistical register.

The definition of creation adopted by INSEE is based on the concept defined by Eurostat, to harmonize and compare European data. The appearance of a market producer legal unit with no predecessor is considered to be a newly created enterprise by Eurostat. This concept of creation relies on new production resources.

Starting from the data relating to January 2009, the business start-up statistics include applications for start-ups as micro-entrepreneurs. Since this date, sole proprietorships excluding self-managed micro-entrepreneurs are called conventional sole proprietorships and start-ups excluding self-managed micro-entrepreneurs are called conventional businesses.

From the January 2022 publication, business births are calculated according to a revised scheme. This has led to an increase in the level of historic series of business births.

Time series can be accessed at the bottom of the web version this publication, and further information on methodology is available on the Documentation tab.

Next issue: 22 March 2024 at 8:45 am.

Pour en savoir plus

The business births data are build from the Business Demography Information System (SIDE) which replaces the Register of Enterprises and Establishments (REE). This information system is itself supplied with data from SIRENE and enriched with elements from the SIRUS statistical register.

The definition of creation adopted by INSEE is based on the concept defined by Eurostat, to harmonize and compare European data. The appearance of a market producer legal unit with no predecessor is considered to be a newly created enterprise by Eurostat. This concept of creation relies on new production resources.

Starting from the data relating to January 2009, the business start-up statistics include applications for start-ups as micro-entrepreneurs. Since this date, sole proprietorships excluding self-managed micro-entrepreneurs are called conventional sole proprietorships and start-ups excluding self-managed micro-entrepreneurs are called conventional businesses.

From the January 2022 publication, business births are calculated according to a revised scheme. This has led to an increase in the level of historic series of business births.

Time series can be accessed at the bottom of the web version this publication, and further information on methodology is available on the Documentation tab.

Next issue: 22 March 2024 at 8:45 am.

: bureau-de-presse@insee.fr
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