Insee
Informations Rapides · 8 December 2021 · n° 317
Informations rapidesIn Q3 2021, payroll employment increased by 0.4 % Payroll employment - third quarter 2021

Between the end of June and the end of September 2021, payroll employment slowed down: +0.4% (+108,300 jobs) after +1.2% (+309,500 jobs) in Q2 2021 and +0.6% (+157,900 jobs) in Q1 2021. This inflection comes essentially from private payroll employment which increased by 0.5% (+95,200 jobs) after having strongly increased in the second quarter (+1.5%, or +285,300 jobs). In the public sector, employment also slowed down but more slightly: +0.2% (+13,000 jobs) after +0.4% (+24,200 jobs) in the previous quarter. Payroll employment exceeded its pre-crisis level (end 2019) by 1.0% in the private sector (+190,600 jobs) and by 1.2% in the public sector (+70,300). In total, payroll employment at the end of September 2021 was 1.0% above its end of 2019 level (+260,900 jobs).

Informations rapides
No 317
Paru le :Paru le08/12/2021
Prochaine parution le : 31/05/2024 at 07:30 - first quarter 2024
Warning

In this publication, the concept of employment refers to the international criteria of the International labour organization (ILO). Employment includes both persons who have worked at least one paid hour during a given period, but also persons who have not worked for certain reasons (in particular those on short-time working / temporary lay-off and sick leave).

In Q3 2021, payroll employment slowed down : +0.4 % after +1.2 % in the previous quarter

Between the end of June and the end of September 2021, payroll employment slowed down: +0.4% (+108,300 jobs) after +1.2% (+309,500 jobs) in Q2 2021 and +0.6% (+157,900 jobs) in Q1 2021. This inflection comes essentially from private payroll employment which increased by 0.5% (+95,200 jobs) after having strongly increased in the second quarter (+1.5%, or +285,300 jobs). In the public sector, employment also slowed down but more slightly: +0.2% (+13,000 jobs) after +0.4% (+24,200 jobs) in the previous quarter. Payroll employment exceeded its pre-crisis level (end 2019) by 1.0% in the private sector (+190,600 jobs) and by 1.2% in the public sector (+70,300). In total, payroll employment at the end of September 2021 was 1.0% above its end of 2019 level (+260,900 jobs).

Variation in payroll employment

Variation in payroll employment
Industry Construction Market services Total Non-market services
2021-Q3 3123.8 1496.2 12710.2 25785.6 8141.6
2021-Q2 3119.7 1499.9 12606.0 25677.4 8136.0
2021-Q1 3116.7 1495.6 12332.6 25367.9 8107.1
2020-Q4 3110.2 1462.5 12239.4 25210.0 8078.2
2020-Q3 3122.5 1454.2 12296.6 25231.2 8048.8
2020-Q2 3130.1 1438.1 12023.3 24840.9 7940.7
2020-Q1 3153.7 1434.0 12131.5 25045.8 8016.2
2019-Q4 3165.1 1431.7 12587.8 25524.7 8023.6
2019-Q3 3166.0 1423.5 12520.2 25448.3 8014.4
2019-Q2 3165.3 1418.2 12493.5 25411.8 8019.7
2019-Q1 3161.5 1409.2 12459.3 25356.3 8012.6
2018-Q4 3155.3 1385.5 12386.4 25241.1 8004.9
2018-Q3 3148.7 1377.6 12346.2 25179.8 8002.2
2018-Q2 3146.7 1372.4 12316.6 25150.1 8012.5
2018-Q1 3143.8 1364.0 12287.6 25135.9 8040.3
2017-Q4 3144.1 1351.9 12260.9 25094.5 8037.1
2017-Q3 3138.3 1342.1 12170.6 25005.6 8051.3
2017-Q2 3135.3 1342.2 12096.7 24941.8 8062.9
2017-Q1 3134.0 1336.9 12020.3 24859.0 8055.7
2016-Q4 3139.8 1332.3 11947.8 24760.2 8046.6
2016-Q3 3147.4 1334.7 11904.2 24734.3 8041.7
2016-Q2 3150.7 1335.8 11848.1 24667.5 8032.8
2016-Q1 3160.3 1337.3 11794.8 24605.8 8018.0

Variation in payroll employment

  • Scope: France excluding Mayotte
  • Sources: INSEE, URSSAF, DARES

Temporary work continues to recover but remains slightly below its pre-crisis level

In this publication, temporary workers are accounted for in the temporary employment within market services, whichever sector they carry out their assignment (industry, construction, market or non market services). In each of these sectors, a large part of the short-term adjustment to the crisis was initially made by a drop in the use of temporary staff in the first quarter of 2020 (–40.0% that is −314,700 jobs). Then temporary work rebounded sharply: +22.1%, +22.5% and +5.5% in the second, third and fourth quarters of 2020 (a total of +272,600 jobs) and +3.1 in the first semester of 2021 (+23,400 jobs). In Q3 2021, temporary work increased again: +1.6% (+12,100 jobs). This dynamism over six consecutive quarters do not fully compensate for the historic drop in the first quarter of 2020: at the end of September 2021, temporary work remains 0.8% (−6,600 jobs) below its pre-crisis level (end of 2019).

Payroll employment excluding temporary work increased in industry and the services sector (market and non-market)

Industrial employment (excluding temporary work) increased slightly again in Q3 2021: +0.1% as in the previous quarter (or +4,200 after +3,000 jobs). In this sector, employment is 1.3% below its pre-crisis level (i.e. -41,300 compared to the end of 2019).

In market services excluding temporary work, in Q3 2021, payroll employment slowed down: +0.8% (+92,100 jobs) after +2.2% in the previous quarter (+255,500 jobs). In particular, it jumped in business services (+1.0% or +26,600 jobs), in the other services activities (+1.9% or +25,200 jobs), in accommodation and food services (+1.8% or +20,100 jobs) and trade (+0.4% or +14,000 jobs). In total, at the end of September 2021, employment in the market services excluding temporary work exceeded its pre-crisis level (end 2019) by 1.1% (+128,900 jobs): it clearly exceeded it in information and communication, trade, business services and other services activities; it was almost at the same level in acommodation and foods services; finally, it remained below it in financial and insurance activities and real estate activities.

In construction, payroll employment decreased for the first time since the end of 2016 (excluding temporary work): -0.2% after +0.3% in the previous quarter (or -3,700 after +4,200 jobs). Nevertheless, it remained well above its pre-crisis level: +4.5% compared to the end of 2019 (+64,500 jobs).

Employment in mainly non-market services slowed down

In Q3 2021, payroll employment in the mainly non-market services sector slowed down: +0.1% (+5,600 jobs) after +0.4% (+28,900 jobs) in the previous quarter. Employment in this sector is well above its pre-crisis level (+1.5% compared to the end of 2019, i.e. +118,000 jobs), notably in the health sector (+3.9% or +61,800 jobs).

Payroll employment change : thousands

SA data in thousand
Payroll employment change : thousands (SA data in thousand) - How to read it: In Q3 2021, net job creation in market services amounted to 104,100 jobs from the previous quarter.
Change in 3 months Change compared to the end of 2019 Change in 1 year Level
2021 2021 2021 2021 2021
Q2 Q3 Q3 Q3 Q3
Agriculture -0.1 -1.9 -2.5 4.8 313.9
Goods-producing industries excl. Construction 3 .0 4.2 -41.3 1.3 3,123.8
of which : Manufacturing 1.7 3.8 -44.7 -2.3 2,743.2
Construction 4.2 -3.7 64.5 42.0 1,496.2
Market services 273.4 104.1 122.3 413.6 12,710.2
Temporary employment (*) 18.0 12.1 -6.6 74.1 779.2
Excluding temporary work 255.5 92.1 128.9 339.5 11,931.0
Non-market services 28.9 5.6 118.0 92.8 8,141.6
Total 309.5 108.3 260.9 554.4 25,785.6
Private sector 285.3 95.2 190.6 508.3 19,934.4
Public service 24.2 13.0 70.3 46.1 5,851.3
  • (*) Temporary workers are recorded in services, regardless of the sector in which they carry out their mission effectively.
  • How to read it: In Q3 2021, net job creation in market services amounted to 104,100 jobs from the previous quarter.
  • Scope: France excluding Mayotte.
  • Sources: Urssaf, Dares, INSEE

Payroll employment change: percentage

SA data in %
Payroll employment change: percentage (SA data in %)
Change in 3 months Chang compared to the end of 2019 Change in 1 year
2021 2021 2021 2021
Q2 Q3 Q3 Q3
Agriculture 0.0 -0.6 -0.8 1.5
Goods-producing industries excl. Construction 0.1 0.1 -1.3 0.0
of which : Manufacturing 0.1 0.1 -1.6 -0.1
Construction 0.3 -0.2 4.5 2.9
Market services 2.2 0.8 1.0 3.4
Temporary employment (*) 2.4 1.6 -0.8 10.5
Excluding temporary work 2.2 0.8 1.1 2.9
Non-market services 0.4 0.1 1.5 1.2
Total 1.2 0.4 1.0 2.2
Private sector 1.5 0.5 1.0 2.6
Public service 0.4 0.2 1.2 0.8
  • (*) Temporary workers are recorded in services, regardless of the sector in which they carry out their mission effectively.
  • Scope: France excluding Mayotte.
  • Sources: Urssaf, Dares, INSEE

Payroll employment change

SA data in thousands
Payroll employment change (SA data in thousands)
Code Naf rev. 2 Label Q3 2021
Change in 3 months Change compared to the end of 2019 Level
Thousands Percentage Thousands Percentage Thousands
AZ Agriculture -1.9 -0.6 -2.5 -0.8 313.9
DE Electricity, water supply, waste management 0.4 0.1 3.4 0.9 380.6
C1 Manufacture of food products beverage 4.9 0.8 17.1 2.9 607.5
C2 Manufacture of coke, and refined petroleum products -0.1 -1.2 -0.4 -4.3 8.7
C3 Manufacture of computer, electronic and electrical products 0.5 0.1 -11.6 -2.8 409.7
C4 Manufacture of transport equipment -2.4 -0.7 -16.7 -4.9 327.6
C5 Other manufacturing 0.9 0.1 -33.0 -2.3 1,389.7
FZ Construction -3.7 -0.2 64.5 4.5 1,496.2
GZ Wholesale and retail trade 14.0 0.4 48.1 1.5 3,247.5
HZ Transportation and storage -0.4 0.0 -3.4 -0.2 1,421.2
IZ Accommodation and food service activities 20.1 1.8 -2.6 -0.2 1,147.8
JZ Information and communication 6.8 0.8 30.4 3.7 842.1
KZ Financial and insurance activities 1.9 0.2 -5.8 -0.7 875.6
LZ Real estate activities -2.2 -0.9 -6.0 -2.4 244.2
MN Professional, scientific and technical activities 38.7 1.1 50.9 1.4 3,604.3
of which : Temporary employment 12.1 1.6 -6.6 -0.8 779.2
OQ Public administration and defence 5.6 0.1 118.0 1.5 8,141.6
RU Other service activities 25.2 1.9 10.8 0.8 1,327.4
  • (*) Temporary workers are recorded in services, regardless of the sector in which they carry out their mission effectively.
  • Scope: France excluding Mayotte.
  • Sources: Urssaf, Dares, INSEE

Revisions

Compared to the employment estimate published on 8 September 2021, the increase in payroll employment (private and public) in the second quarter of 2021 is raised by 20,100 or 0.1 points. The revision comes mainly from market services (+20,800). Compared to the flash estimate published on 5 November 2021, the increase in payroll employment in the private sector alone in the third quarter of 2021 is practically unrevised (-900).

Revisions of payroll employment in Q2 2021 and Q3 2021

SA data in thousands
Revisions of payroll employment in Q2 2021 and Q3 2021 (SA data in thousands)
Q2 2021 Q3 2021
Payroll employment(08/09/2021) Private scope only(05/11/2021)
New estimate Revision New estimate Revision
Agriculture -0.1 -2.2 -1.9 2.9
Goods-producing industries 3.0 0.1 4.2 -0.4
Construction 4.2 1.1 -3.7 -1.8
Market services 273.4 20.8 100.2 2.7
Temporary work employment (*) 18.0 0.1 12.1 0.9
Excluding temporary work 255.5 20.8 88.1 1.8
Non-market services 28.9 0.2 -3.7 -4.4
Total 309.5 20.1 - -
Private sector 285.3 20.2 95.2 -0.9
Public service 24.2 -0.1 - -
  • Scope: private payroll employment; France, excluding Mayotte.
  • (*) Temporary workers are recorded in services, regardless of the sector in which they carry out their mission effectively.
  • Sources: Urssaf, Dares, INSEE

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