The employment continued to increase in Q4 2016, buoyed by temporary workPayroll employment - fourth quarter 2016

In Q4 2016, payroll employment in the non-farm market sectors continued to increase (+64,400 jobs, that is 0.4%, after +50,500 jobs in the previous quarter). This is the seventh consecutive quarter of rise. The slight speeding up in Q4 2016 is primarily due to temporary employment (+37,600 jobs, i.e. +6.1%, after +28,600 jobs). Year-on-year, the principally market sectors created 187,200 net jobs (+1.2%).

Informations rapides
No 62
Paru le : 09/03/2017
Prochaine parution le : 13/06/2017 at 07:30 - first quarter 2017

Warnings: From the next issue related to Q1 2017 (to be released on 13/06/2017), the publication will be produced in partnership with Acoss and Dares (see supplementary sheet included in the documentation of the indicator). Its scope will be extended to all employees and will cover the overseas departments (excluding Mayotte).

The introduction of the “Déclaration Sociale Nominative” (DSN) to replace the “bordereau récapitulatif de cotisations” (BRC) may affect transitorily the declarative behavior of businesses. During the ramp-up phase of the DSN, adjustments are made in the statistical processing chain of employment estimates to reflect these changes. These changes are likely to generate more revisions than usual to data.

Payroll employment speeded up slightly in the market sector

In Q4 2016, payroll employment in the non-farm market sectors continued to increase (+64,400 jobs, that is 0.4%, after +50,500 jobs in the previous quarter). This is the seventh consecutive quarter of rise. The slight speeding up in Q4 2016 is primarily due to temporary employment (+37,600 jobs, i.e. +6.1%, after +28,600 jobs). Year-on-year, the principally market sectors created 187,200 net jobs (+1.2%).

Once again, industry and construction destroyed more jobs tha they created

In Q4 2016, employment continued to decrease in industry and construction, at a similar pace to that in the previous quarter: 5,500 jobs were destroyed in industry (that is −0.2%) and 2,200 jobs were destroyed in construction (that is −0.2%). Year on year, industry lost 24,900 jobs (−0.8%) whereas construction shed 10,800 jobs (−0.8%).

Jobs in services benefited from the sharp rise in temporary employment again

Temporary work continued to increase strongly in Q4 2016 (+37,600 jobs, i.e. +6.1 %). At the same time, employment in services excluding temporary work rose at the same pace as in the previous quarter (+34,500 jobs, i.e. 0.3 %, after +29,600). Overall, the employment in the market service sector increased steadily compared to Q3 2016 (+72,100 jobs, that is +0.6%, after +58,200). Year on year, temporary employment increased steeply (+70,200 jobs, i.e. +12.0%) and the market service sector as a whole expanded by 222,900 jobs (+1.9%).

Table1 – Payroll employment change in the competitive sector : thousands

SA data in thousands
Payroll employment change in the competitive sector : thousands
Change in 3 months Change in 1 year Level
2016 2016 2016 2016
Q3 Q4 Q4 Q4
Principally market sectors 50.5 64.4 187.2 1, 6174.9
Goods-producing industries excl. Construction -5.1 -5.5 -24.9 3, 103.9
Manufacturing -3.4 -4,0 -18.8 2, 742.4
Construction -2.6 -2.2 -10.8 1, 305.9
Services 58.2 72.1 222.9 11, 765.2
of which : Temporary employment (**) 28.6 37.6 70.2 653.2
Principally non-market sectors (*) 5.8 5.1 26.7 2, 044.4
Total competitive sector (*) 56.3 69.5 213.9 18, 219.4
  • How to read it: In Q4 2016, net job creation in services amonted to 72,100 jobs from the previous quarter.

Table2 – Payroll employment change in the competitive sector : percentage

SA data in %
Payroll employment change in the competitive sector : percentage
Change in 3 months Change in 1 year
2016 2016 2016
Q3 Q4 Q4
Principally market sectors 0.3 0.4 1.2
Goods-producing industries excl. Construction -0.2 -0.2 -0.8
Manufacturing -0.1 -0.1 -0.7
Construction -0.2 -0.2 -0.8
Services 0.5 0.6 1.9
of which : Temporary employment (**) 4.9 6.1 12,0
Principally non-market sectors (*) 0.3 0.3 1.3
Total competitive sector (*) 0.3 0.4 1.2
  • (*) Excl. Agriculture and public employees in non-markets sectors (administration, health, education and social activity) , in metropolitan France
  • (**) Temporary workers are recorded in services, regardless of the sector in which they carry out their mission effectively.
  • Source: INSEE

Table3 – Payroll employment change in the competitive sector (*)

SA data in thousands
Payroll employment change in the competitive sector (*)
Code Change in 3 months Change in 1 year Level
Naf 2016 2016 2016 2016
rev.2 Q3 Q4 Q4 Q4
DE Electricity, gas, steam, and air conditioning supply ; water supply, sewerage, waste management and remediation activities -1.8 -1.5 -6.1 361.5
C1 Manufacture of food products beverage and tobacco products 0.2 0.6 3.7 554,0
C2 Manufacture of coke, and refined petroleum products 0,0 0,0 0,0 9.3
C3 Manufacture of computer, electronic and electrical products; manufacture of machinery and equipment -1,0 -1.6 -8.7 416.7
C4 Manufacture of transport equipment -0.4 -0.9 -3.8 344.7
C5 Other manufacturing -2.1 -2.2 -10,0 1, 417.7
FZ Construction -2.6 -2.2 -10.8 1, 305.9
GZ Wholesale and retail trade ; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 3.3 5.3 19.9 3, 051.7
HZ Transportation and storage -0.3 -0.5 11.2 1, 353.2
IZ Accommodation and food service activities 2.1 6.3 21.4 1, 033.3
JZ Information and communication 6.6 5.1 22,0 735.4
KZ Financial and insurance activities -0.6 4.2 8.8 858.5
LZ Real estate activities 0.2 -0.6 1.7 236.9
MN Professional, scientific and technical activities; administrative and support service activities 41.6 48.7 121.6 3, 196.1
of which : Temporary employment 28.6 37.6 70.2 653.2
OQ Public administration and defence ; compulsory social security; education; human health and social work activities 5.8 5.1 26.7 2, 044.4
RU Other service activities 5.4 3.6 16.3 1, 300.1
  • (*) Excl. agriculture and public employees in non-markets sectors (administration, health, education and social activity) , in metropolitan France
  • Source: INSEE

Graph1 – Variation in employment in the principally market sectors

Revisions

Compared with the release of 10 February 2017, the estimated net job creation in principally market sectors in Q3 and Q4 2016 is virtually unchanged (−1,900 and +2,200 respectively).