Économie et Statistique n° 477 - 2015Heredity and Social Mobility - Dossier: Subsidised Labour Contracts
What are the effects of hiring people on subsidised contracts on their career path? An appraisal using the Panel 2008
This study presents an appraisal of the causal effect of the switch to a subsidised contract (CIE, CAE, CAV and CI-RMA) on the career paths of jobseekers. Subsidised contracts are jobs that benefit from State aid. In the market sector these contracts are part of a rationale of subsidising the hiring process, while in the non-market sector they are more focused on temporary job creation. This appraisal is based on the Panel 2008, a survey conducted in two waves at the end of 2008 and the end of 2009 on a sample of jobseekers who had registered with the ANPE in spring 2005. The Panel 2008 was specifically designed to allow high-quality evaluations based on a comparison of the future of beneficiaries at the end of the contract and that of non-beneficiaries. The matching methods used in this study serve to correct the profile differences between beneficiaries and non-beneficiaries likely to skew comparisons of the two populations. In particular, the survey includes numerous variables to capture the heterogeneity of the survey respondents. The matching methods had to be adapted in order to take account of the start-of-contract dynamic and to generalise the conclusions of the estimations carried out on the survey data. The results of the appraisal of professional integration - the main dimension evaluated in this study - show that market-sector subsidised contracts (CIE and CI-RMA) positively impact the fact of being in stable employment two and a half years after joining the scheme, unlike non-market-sector subsidised contracts (CAE and CAV). The inclusion of the diversity of placement modalities (support, training, term, etc.) and employers serves to refine these findings.