Économie et Statistique n° 477 - 2015Heredity and Social Mobility - Dossier: Subsidised Labour Contracts
What relationship do beneficiaries of subsidised labour contracts have with the labour market? A description using the Panel 2008 survey
This article describes several aspects of the relationship that beneficiaries of subsidised labour contracts have with the labour market: career path before and after joining the scheme, perception of their position in this market (advantages in finding a job, job acceptance criterion, work relations, etc.), and their opinion of subsidised contracts. The data used are those from the Panel 2008, a DARES survey on beneficiaries of a subsidised contract under the Social Cohesion Plan (CIE, CAE, CAV and CI-RMA). As an evaluation tool, this survey contains a lot of information designed to provide a detailed reading of the characteristics of beneficiaries, most notably their relationships with the labour market. The profile of these beneficiaries can be analysed precisely, including according to the hiring sector, while the progress of the contract can also be analysed (term, associated support and training, etc.). This study proposes a beneficiary typology according to contract characteristics. This typology highlights the diversity of targeting profiles of subsidised contracts, ranging from very close monitoring for people in great difficulty through to market-sector contracts similar to normal employment for those least disconnected from the labour market. Next, the article presents descriptive elements about the trajectories of beneficiaries according to the type of subsidised contract. The study shows that the professional integration of beneficiaries six months after the end of their contract is not independent of the way their contract unfolds and the characteristics of their employer. Their assessment of the labour market also varies with the time they have spent away from employment. These findings are set against the generally positive view that beneficiaries have of subsidised contracts, in particular their own experience of these contracts, thereby offering a further insight into their utility.