Insee
Informations Rapides · 20 May 2022 · n° 128
Informations rapidesDecrease in business births in April 2022Enterprise births - April 2022

In April 2022, the number of business births for all enterprises fell back (–2.5% after an increase of +1.7% in March seasonally and working-day adjusted). Micro-entrepreneurs' registrations declined more sharply (–3.4% after +1.9%) than the conventional business births (–1.2% after +1.5%). The raw number of business births over the last twelve months (May 2021 to April 2022) increased by +2.1 % compared to that of the same period a year earlier (May 2020 to April 2021). However, this increase is less sharp than in the previous months, where it was driven by a “base effect” linked to the fall in business births during the first lockdown in 2020.

Informations rapides
No 128
Paru le : Paru le 20/05/2022
Prochaine parution le : 19/07/2022 at 08:45 - June 2022
Warning

From the January 2022 publication, business births are calculated according to a revised scheme. This results in an increase in the level of historic series of business births. Further information about this change is available on the Documentation tab of this issue of Informations Rapides.

In April 2022, the number of business births for all enterprises fell back (–2.5% after an increase of +1.7% in March seasonally and working-day adjusted). Micro-entrepreneurs' registrations declined more sharply (–3.4% after +1.9%) than the conventional business births (–1.2% after +1.5%). The raw number of business births over the last twelve months (May 2021 to April 2022) increased by +2.1 % compared to that of the same period a year earlier (May 2020 to April 2021). However, this increase is less sharp than in the previous months, where it was driven by a “base effect” linked to the fall in business births during the first lockdown in 2020.

Business monthly start-ups (SA-WDA*)

Business monthly start-ups (SA-WDA*) ()
Total of entreprise start-ups Conventional businesses
2022-04 85597 34150
2022-03 87809 34558
2022-02 86339 34063
2022-01 90802 34299
2021-12 88794 34353
2021-11 85694 34409
2021-10 87360 34098
2021-09 83406 33078
2021-08 84507 32676
2021-07 85139 34225
2021-06 88136 36440
2021-05 90049 36753
2021-04 87721 34009
2021-03 89216 33772
2021-02 90013 33632
2021-01 89210 34800
2020-12 91762 34542
2020-11 89736 33555
2020-10 86326 33106
2020-09 89344 34506
2020-08 91049 35412
2020-07 86486 32049
2020-06 77158 29411
2020-05 58509 22844
2020-04 36093 14805
2020-03 54261 22762
2020-02 73334 30875
2020-01 75112 30120
2019-12 78226 29992
2019-11 76173 31096
2019-10 73778 30334
2019-09 72994 30702
2019-08 72961 30314
2019-07 71658 30463
2019-06 69721 29262
2019-05 73358 31771
2019-04 68527 29954
2019-03 71957 31477
2019-02 70035 30663
2019-01 70719 31175
2018-12 65280 29587
2018-11 63511 28804
2018-10 65320 29772
2018-09 64978 29741
2018-08 63608 29619
2018-07 62814 29358
2018-06 64360 30260
2018-05 60615 28458
2018-04 61262 29285
2018-03 60586 28818
2018-02 60379 28806
2018-01 58237 28266
2017-12 59036 29054
2017-11 60686 31286
2017-10 57680 29474
2017-09 55521 28320
2017-08 55312 28599
2017-07 56605 28285
2017-06 53738 28207
2017-05 51464 26984
2017-04 52641 27787
2017-03 52675 27612
2017-02 52585 27882
2017-01 52534 28128
2016-12 50075 27738
2016-11 51619 27131
2016-10 49438 25849
2016-09 49907 25928
2016-08 47905 25073
2016-07 49338 26048
2016-06 49887 25996
2016-05 49793 25823
2016-04 50551 25732
2016-03 49138 25987
2016-02 50459 27340
2016-01 49952 26178
2015-12 49660 25351
2015-11 46990 24419
2015-10 47976 24740
2015-09 47889 24893
2015-08 47658 24918
2015-07 46727 23990
2015-06 46113 23523
2015-05 47222 24158
2015-04 47943 24078
2015-03 45784 22488
2015-02 46007 22720
2015-01 46117 23757
2014-12 48754 25133
2014-11 51088 25751
2014-10 48359 24895
2014-09 48653 24919
2014-08 49901 25522
2014-07 49130 25165
2014-06 47515 24762
2014-05 49559 25804
2014-04 48306 25670
2014-03 48327 25371
2014-02 47890 24895
2014-01 48666 25298
2013-12 47221 24626
2013-11 48726 25134
2013-10 48444 25778
2013-09 47747 25162
2013-08 46341 24356
2013-07 46294 24123
2013-06 48209 25194
2013-05 47241 24407
2013-04 47250 24371
2013-03 48108 25023
2013-02 47496 24493
2013-01 45984 23541
2012-12 44672 21835
2012-11 46072 21324
2012-10 46932 21963
2012-09 47139 21794
2012-08 48718 22059
2012-07 48774 22793
2012-06 48838 22380
2012-05 45992 20936
2012-04 46839 21358
2012-03 48405 22290
2012-02 47148 22077
2012-01 48008 23012
2011-12 48546 23619
2011-11 50234 24473
2011-10 45950 22253
2011-09 47899 23546
2011-08 46838 23372
2011-07 48955 23687
2011-06 46757 22349
2011-05 46218 23449
2011-04 46985 23413
2011-03 45605 23251
2011-02 47481 23588
2011-01 46327 23277
2010-12 47349 23101
2010-11 51764 23676
2010-10 54333 23809
2010-09 51176 23893
2010-08 52225 24458
2010-07 51283 23459
2010-06 47546 24354
2010-05 54139 23942
2010-04 53959 23260
2010-03 57882 23226
2010-02 56979 23006
2010-01 56467 24168
2009-12 57042 25057
2009-11 52385 23949
2009-10 51702 23061
2009-09 50951 22911
2009-08 51321 22750
2009-07 50522 22169
2009-06 51701 23275
2009-05 54809 24075
2009-04 50898 23370
2009-03 49603 23904
2009-02 43621 24940
2009-01 37088 24512
  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data

Business monthly start-ups (SA-WDA*)

  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data
  • Source: INSEE, REE (Sirene)

Business set-ups by month (SA-WDA *)

Business set-ups by month (SA-WDA *)
Jan-22 Feb-22 Mar-22 Apr-22
Total businesses set-ups 90,802 86,339 87,809 85,597
Variation [m-o-m] % 2.3 -4.9 1.7 -2.5
Conventional businesses 34,299 34,063 34,558 34,150
Variation [m-o-m] % -0.2 -0.7 1.5 -1.2
Self-managed micro-entrepreneurs 56,503 52,276 53,251 51,447
Variation [m-o-m] % 3.8 -7.5 1.9 -3.4
  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data
  • Source: Insee, REE (SIRENE)

Decreased in business births in transportation and storage

In April 2022, the number of business births continued to decline in transport and storage, more steeply than in the previous month (–13.7% after –3.8%). It fell back sharply in business support activities (–2.0%) and in construction (–4.6%).

Decrease in business births over the last three months

The raw number of business births decreased over the last three months of 2022 (February 2022 to April 2022), in comparison with the same months of 2021 (–3.0%). Micro-entrepreneurs’ registrations fell sharply (–5.8%), as did conventional sole proprietorships’ births (–11.2%). Conversely, company births increased sharply (+7.5%).

Over this period, transportation and storage activities made the strongest negative contribution to the overall decrease (–22,000 business births compared to the same months of 2021, representing a contribution of –7.6 points)*. Within this sector, this fall was mainly due to that in “other postal and courier activities” (–22,800 business births over the last three months in comparison with the same months one year ago).

* The contribution of a sector to the overall variation is the variation observed in this sector, weighted by the share of this sector in the total number of births.

Increase in business births over the last twelve months

The raw number of business births totted up during the last twelve months went up (+2.1% year on year). Company births increased strongly (+13.0%). Conversely, the number of conventional sole proprietorships’ births fell sharply (–7.8%). The number of micro-entrepreneurs’ registrations remained virtually stable (–0.1%).

Cumulated business start-ups by type

Raw data
Cumulated business start-ups by type (Raw data)
Moving total % change * Moving total
over 3 months over 12 months January – April 2022 January – April 2021
Total -3.0 2.1 374,207 380,963
Companies 7.5 13.0 104,158 97,698
Conventional sole proprietorships -11.2 -7.8 41,919 47,456
Self-managed micro-entrepreneurs -5.8 -0.1 228,130 235,809
  • *Total of business start-ups during the last 3 or 12 months compared with the same months a year earlier
  • Source: INSEE, REE(SIRENE)

Business set-ups distribution by type

% over the twelve last months (raw data)
Business set-ups distribution by type (% over the twelve last months (raw data))
Feb-22 Mar-22 Apr-22
Companies 26.9 27.2 27.4
Sole proprietorships excluding self-managed micro-entrepreneurs 12.3 12.2 12.1
Self-managed micro-entrepreneurs 60.8 60.6 60.5
  • Source: Insee, REE (issu de SIRENE)

Revisions

The variation in the overall number of business births in March 2022 has been lowered by 0.2 points, to +1.7% instead of +1.9%, due to the revision of the raw data and the update of the SA-WDA parameters.

Trade and business support activities monthly start-ups (SA-WDA*)

Trade and business support activities monthly start-ups (SA-WDA*) ()
Trade Business support activities
2022-04 12190 21412
2022-03 12208 21838
2022-02 12689 21321
2022-01 12642 23454
2021-12 12937 21762
2021-11 12762 19959
2021-10 13338 20542
2021-09 13242 19336
2021-08 13031 19484
2021-07 13962 18989
2021-06 14581 19812
2021-05 15591 19939
2021-04 15062 19101
2021-03 15337 18150
2021-02 15849 18342
2021-01 17130 18249
2020-12 17767 19004
2020-11 17411 18732
2020-10 16656 18087
2020-09 17451 18571
2020-08 18387 19334
2020-07 18080 17656
2020-06 15722 16473
2020-05 13433 13479
2020-04 7845 9175
2020-03 9033 13519
2020-02 13254 15914
2020-01 13250 16920
2019-12 12797 18276
2019-11 13215 17373
2019-10 12672 16806
2019-09 12792 16991
2019-08 12806 16751
2019-07 12536 16787
2019-06 12113 16277
2019-05 13056 17241
2019-04 12591 15325
2019-03 13249 16120
2019-02 12892 15734
2019-01 13454 15602
2018-12 11995 15012
2018-11 12055 13833
2018-10 12359 14637
2018-09 12653 14436
2018-08 12504 14381
2018-07 12531 14195
2018-06 12644 14311
2018-05 11840 13654
2018-04 11984 13525
2018-03 11900 13717
2018-02 11880 13422
2018-01 11490 12978
2017-12 12034 12957
2017-11 12102 13544
2017-10 12297 12903
2017-09 11854 12257
2017-08 11751 12269
2017-07 11262 12691
2017-06 11121 12038
2017-05 10644 11278
2017-04 10978 11382
2017-03 10836 11231
2017-02 11015 11068
2017-01 11459 10888
2016-12 10235 10808
2016-11 10556 11020
2016-10 9856 10519
2016-09 10115 10799
2016-08 9432 10269
2016-07 9909 10314
2016-06 10269 10303
2016-05 10481 10336
2016-04 10487 10543
2016-03 10767 9962
2016-02 12137 10285
2016-01 10384 10476
2015-12 10165 10495
2015-11 9649 9708
2015-10 10005 9981
2015-09 9846 9747
2015-08 9685 9714
2015-07 9746 9656
2015-06 9530 9366
2015-05 10033 9467
2015-04 10006 9833
2015-03 9255 9602
2015-02 9470 9685
2015-01 9355 9665
2014-12 10091 9973
2014-11 10538 10338
2014-10 10014 9943
2014-09 10025 10053
2014-08 10222 10432
2014-07 10288 10110
2014-06 9537 9970
2014-05 10266 10182
2014-04 10000 9815
2014-03 9969 9868
2014-02 9846 9809
2014-01 10178 9882
2013-12 9807 9608
2013-11 10264 9735
2013-10 10354 9667
2013-09 10358 9515
2013-08 10252 9180
2013-07 10062 9351
2013-06 10490 9639
2013-05 9993 9547
2013-04 10014 9681
2013-03 10472 9604
2013-02 10217 9629
2013-01 9605 9287
2012-12 9447 9083
2012-11 9427 9341
2012-10 9496 9516
2012-09 9726 9320
2012-08 9822 10174
2012-07 9796 10097
2012-06 9852 9876
2012-05 9352 9562
2012-04 9375 9728
2012-03 9704 9994
2012-02 9559 9620
2012-01 9829 9700
2011-12 10095 9992
2011-11 10033 10468
2011-10 9375 9419
2011-09 10190 9772
2011-08 9643 9553
2011-07 10150 10797
2011-06 9944 9826
2011-05 9665 9351
2011-04 10084 9877
2011-03 9643 9380
2011-02 10118 10055
2011-01 9732 9827
2010-12 9817 10080
2010-11 10505 11179
2010-10 10970 12065
2010-09 10900 10766
2010-08 10920 11027
2010-07 10665 11333
2010-06 10218 9954
2010-05 11291 11741
2010-04 11321 11695
2010-03 11997 12550
2010-02 11983 12115
2010-01 11921 12272
2009-12 12328 11961
2009-11 11439 10903
2009-10 11490 10998
2009-09 11213 10873
2009-08 11200 11066
2009-07 11393 10775
2009-06 11262 11152
2009-05 12039 11642
2009-04 11180 10890
2009-03 10863 11035
2009-02 10098 8537
2009-01 9204 6782
  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data

Trade and business support activities monthly start-ups (SA-WDA*)

  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data
  • Source: INSEE, REE (Sirene)

Construction and transportation business monthly set-ups (SA-WDA*)

Construction and transportation business monthly set-ups (SA-WDA*) ()
Construction Transportation and storage
2022-04 7721 5980
2022-03 8093 6926
2022-02 7656 7197
2022-01 7810 7872
2021-12 8138 8125
2021-11 7952 8360
2021-10 7907 8485
2021-09 7628 9008
2021-08 7615 9777
2021-07 7367 8488
2021-06 7741 9040
2021-05 7695 11235
2021-04 7653 12330
2021-03 7720 13834
2021-02 7703 12929
2021-01 7678 11882
2020-12 8164 11791
2020-11 8976 11482
2020-10 7920 11281
2020-09 8212 11397
2020-08 8447 11099
2020-07 7817 10874
2020-06 7132 10191
2020-05 4792 6294
2020-04 2909 2668
2020-03 5043 4505
2020-02 7457 6335
2020-01 7360 6762
2019-12 7593 6220
2019-11 7724 6896
2019-10 7370 7167
2019-09 7289 6488
2019-08 7102 6483
2019-07 7265 6325
2019-06 6753 6796
2019-05 6815 7109
2019-04 6357 6873
2019-03 6498 7837
2019-02 6369 7495
2019-01 6392 7252
2018-12 5987 7021
2018-11 5932 6641
2018-10 6044 6471
2018-09 6003 6436
2018-08 5952 6233
2018-07 5979 6007
2018-06 6062 5882
2018-05 5573 5597
2018-04 5919 5352
2018-03 5786 4887
2018-02 5868 4707
2018-01 5491 4710
2017-12 5649 4565
2017-11 6030 4212
2017-10 5680 3697
2017-09 5342 3201
2017-08 5458 3278
2017-07 5523 3721
2017-06 5384 3182
2017-05 5358 3025
2017-04 5293 3107
2017-03 5385 3119
2017-02 5336 3312
2017-01 5361 3149
2016-12 5016 2985
2016-11 5244 2888
2016-10 5113 3109
2016-09 5287 2955
2016-08 5313 2484
2016-07 5319 3028
2016-06 5424 2874
2016-05 5317 2762
2016-04 5478 2674
2016-03 5373 2429
2016-02 5200 2317
2016-01 5517 2437
2015-12 5465 2559
2015-11 5454 2333
2015-10 5337 2328
2015-09 5802 2017
2015-08 5703 1761
2015-07 5528 1565
2015-06 5453 1578
2015-05 5689 1585
2015-04 5625 1696
2015-03 5396 1880
2015-02 5383 1224
2015-01 5454 1170
2014-12 5965 1304
2014-11 6355 2239
2014-10 6292 1217
2014-09 6262 1235
2014-08 6248 1346
2014-07 6392 1240
2014-06 6347 1100
2014-05 6557 1118
2014-04 6773 1087
2014-03 6654 1117
2014-02 7001 1135
2014-01 6858 1154
2013-12 6676 1082
2013-11 6973 1014
2013-10 6977 1003
2013-09 6543 1002
2013-08 6403 977
2013-07 6491 980
2013-06 6821 1027
2013-05 6831 1015
2013-04 6645 912
2013-03 6830 940
2013-02 6599 907
2013-01 6519 853
2012-12 6421 791
2012-11 7077 818
2012-10 7288 860
2012-09 7474 835
2012-08 7567 905
2012-07 7507 973
2012-06 7371 940
2012-05 6702 789
2012-04 6921 850
2012-03 7112 851
2012-02 6815 811
2012-01 7041 805
2011-12 6988 791
2011-11 7585 807
2011-10 6799 852
2011-09 7022 822
2011-08 7300 930
2011-07 6858 826
2011-06 6857 797
2011-05 6931 821
2011-04 6773 845
2011-03 6791 812
2011-02 6777 798
2011-01 6568 818
2010-12 7020 780
2010-11 7923 827
2010-10 8037 845
2010-09 7714 847
2010-08 7460 807
2010-07 7148 819
2010-06 6726 778
2010-05 7975 854
2010-04 7849 821
2010-03 8517 921
2010-02 8464 846
2010-01 8126 883
2009-12 8117 765
2009-11 7564 723
2009-10 7388 759
2009-09 7323 709
2009-08 7012 756
2009-07 7148 724
2009-06 6976 769
2009-05 6911 823
2009-04 6659 741
2009-03 6265 719
2009-02 6009 710
2009-01 4939 647
  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data

Construction and transportation business monthly set-ups (SA-WDA*)

  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data
  • Source: INSEE, REE (Sirene)

Number of monthly business set-ups (incl. self-managed micro-entrepreneurs)

SA-WDA *
Number of monthly business set-ups (incl. self-managed micro-entrepreneurs) (SA-WDA *)
NA Feb-22 Mar-22 Apr-22
Total 86,339 87,809 85,597
Industry BE 4,631 4,492 4,649
Of which Manufacturing C 3,452 3,588 3,565
Construction FZ 7,656 8,093 7,721
Wholesale and retail trade, Transport, Accommodation and Food and beverage activities GI 23,012 22,387 21,185
Trade G 12,689 12,208 12,190
Transportation and storage H 7,197 6,926 5,980
Accommodation and food service activities I 3,125 3,253 3,015
Information and communication JZ 4,517 5,072 4,994
Financial and insurance activities KZ 2,977 3,090 2,998
Real estate activities LZ 3,557 3,894 3,671
Business support activities MN 21,321 21,838 21,412
Public administration and defence, education, human health and social work activities OQ 9,100 8,890 8,863
Other services activities RS 9,567 10,053 10,104
  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data
  • Source: Insee, REE (SIRENE)

Fluctuation in the number of business set-ups (incl. self-managed micro-entrepreneurs)

In %
Fluctuation in the number of business set-ups (incl. self-managed micro-entrepreneurs) (In %) - ** Total of business start-ups during the last 3 or 12 months compared with the same months a year earlier
NA Apr-22/Mar-22 Moving total % change**
SA-WDA * over 3 months over 12 months
Total -2.5 -3.0 2.1
Industry BE 3.5 16.9 17.5
Of which Manufacturing C -0.6 4.7 7.3
Construction FZ -4.6 2.1 1.8
Wholesale and retail trade, Transport, Accommodation and Food and beverage activities GI -5.4 -31.6 -21.7
Trade G -0.1 -19.8 -19.1
Transportation and storage H -13.7 -48.9 -25.9
Accommodation and food service activities I -7.3 -17.8 -20.1
Information and communication JZ -1.5 11.7 16.6
Financial and insurance activities KZ -3.0 12.2 20.2
Real estate activities LZ -5.7 7.0 8.7
Business support activities MN -2.0 17.1 15.6
Public administration and defence, education, human health and social work activities OQ -0.3 11.7 17.3
Other services activities RS 0.5 27.3 31.6
  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data
  • ** Total of business start-ups during the last 3 or 12 months compared with the same months a year earlier
  • Source: Insee, REE (SIRENE)

For further information

The business births data are build from the Register of Enterprises and Establishments (REE). This register is itself supplied with data from Sirene and enriched with elements from the Sirus statistical register.

The definition of creation adopted by INSEE is based on the concept defined by Eurostat, to harmonize and compare European data.

The appearance of a market producer legal unit with no predecessor is considered to be a newly created enterprise by Eurostat. This concept of creation relies on new production resources.

The business start-up statistics include applications for start-ups as micro-entrepreneurs, starting from the data relating to January 2009. Since this date, sole proprietorships excluding self-managed micro-entrepreneurs are called conventional sole proprietorships and start-ups excluding self-managed micro-entrepreneurs are called conventional businesses.

Additional informations (time series) are available at the bottom of this page.

Next issue: 17 June 2022 at 8:45am

Pour en savoir plus

The business births data are build from the Register of Enterprises and Establishments (REE). This register is itself supplied with data from Sirene and enriched with elements from the Sirus statistical register.

The definition of creation adopted by INSEE is based on the concept defined by Eurostat, to harmonize and compare European data.

The appearance of a market producer legal unit with no predecessor is considered to be a newly created enterprise by Eurostat. This concept of creation relies on new production resources.

The business start-up statistics include applications for start-ups as micro-entrepreneurs, starting from the data relating to January 2009. Since this date, sole proprietorships excluding self-managed micro-entrepreneurs are called conventional sole proprietorships and start-ups excluding self-managed micro-entrepreneurs are called conventional businesses.

Additional informations (time series) are available at the bottom of this page.

Next issue: 17 June 2022 at 8:45am

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