Economie et Statistique / Economics and Statistics n° 532-33 - 2022 Varia
Economie et Statistique / Economics and Statistics Liquidity Shortfalls during the COVID-19 Outbreak: Assessment and Policy Responses
Lilas Demmou, Guido Franco, Sara Calligaris and Dennis Dlugosch
Economie et Statistique / Economics and Statistics
Paru le :09/03/2022
The paper investigates the impact of stylised policy measures on the financial vulnerability of non-financial firms during the COVID-19 pandemic crisis. It evaluates the extent to which firms run into a liquidity crisis following the COVID-19 outbreak and the impact of policies to reduce the risks of such a crisis. The analysis relies on: an accounting model, a large dataset reporting firms’ balance sheets for 14 countries and data on the magnitude of the shock at the sector level. Results suggest that, without any policy intervention, up to 38% of firms were to face liquidity shortfalls after ten months since the implementation of confinement. Comparing the impact of different policies, the analysis shows that government support to relieve wage bills is the most effective tool, followed by debt moratorium policies. Finally, the paper zooms into labour market policies and compares the cost efficiency of short term work and wage subsidies schemes, highlighting how their relative efficiency depends on their design.
Article (pdf, 1 Mo )
Citation: Demmou, L., Franco, G., Calligaris, S. & Dlugosch, D. (2022). Liquidity
Shortfalls during the COVID-19 Outbreak: Assessment and Policy Responses. Economie et Statistique / Economics and Statistics, 47–61 (First published online: March 2022).