Informations rapides
8 December 2020
2020- n° 313
In Q3 2020, payroll employment rebounded in the private sector and in the public service, whithout returning to pre-crisis levels Payroll employment - third quarter 2020

Between the end of June and the end of September 2020, payroll employment rebounded by 1.6%, that is 401,100 net job creations after –2,7% (–697,100 jobs) in the first semester. At the end of Septembre 2020, it thus remained below its pre-crisis level at the end of 2019 (–295,900, or –1.2%), but returned to a level comparable to the end of 2018. The rebound over the quarter concerns both the private sector (+312,400 net creations, or +1.6%) and the public service (+88,700 jobs, or +1.5%). Over one year, employment declined in the private sector (–234,300 jobs or –1.2%) but increased in the public service (+27,000 jobs or +0.5%).

In the so-called «non-agricultural market sectors» field (industry, construction and market services), payroll employment has been measured in quaterly time series since the end of 1970. In the third quarter of 2020, it increased by 1.7% after –3.5% in the first semester of 2020. This is the highest quarterly increase recorded in this series.

Informations rapides
No 313
Paru le :Paru le08/12/2020
Prochaine parution le : 29/02/2024 at 07:30 - fourth quarter 2023
Warning

In this publication, the concept of employment refers to the international criteria of the International labour organization (ILO). Employment includes both persons who have worked at least one paid houring during a given period, but also persons who have not worked for certain reasons (in particular those on short-time working / temporary lay-off and sick leave). During the health crisis which started in the first quarter, an unprecented number of employees have found themselves in a situation of temporary lay-off or sick leave (including for childcare): these people are considered to be in employment.

In addition, the introduction of the “Déclaration Sociale Nominative” (DSN) from 2016 onwards to replace the “bordereau récapitulatif de cotisations” (BRC) affects transitorily the declarative behavior of businesses. During the ramp-up phase of the DSN, adjustments are made in the statistical processing chain of employment estimates to reflect these changes. These changes are likely to generate more revisions than usual to data.

In Q3 2020, 401,100 net payroll job creation : 312,400 in the private sector and 88,700 in the public service

Between the end of June and the end of September 2020, payroll employment rebounded by 1.6%, that is 401,100 net job creations after –2,7% (–697,100 jobs) in the first semester. At the end of Septembre 2020, it thus remained below its pre-crisis level at the end of 2019 (–295,900, or –1.2%), but returned to a level comparable to the end of 2018. The rebound over the quarter concerns both the private sector (+312,400 net creations, or +1.6%) and the public service (+88,700 jobs, or +1.5%). Over one year, employment declined in the private sector (–234,300 jobs or –1.2%) but increased in the public service (+27,000 jobs or +0.5%).

In the so-called «non-agricultural market sectors» field (industry, construction and market services), payroll employment has been measured in quaterly time series since the end of 1970. In the third quarter of 2020, it increased by 1.7% after –3.5% in the first semester of 2020. This is the highest quarterly increase recorded in this series.

Variation in payroll employment

Variation in payroll employment
Industry Construction Market services Total Non-market services
2016-Q1 3160.3 1337.3 11795.4 24606.1 8018.2
2016-Q2 3150.8 1335.8 11848.0 24667.9 8033.9
2016-Q3 3147.4 1334.7 11903.8 24735.1 8041.6
2016-Q4 3139.8 1332.3 11949.0 24761.3 8046.4
2017-Q1 3134.0 1335.3 12021.3 24855.3 8053.6
2017-Q2 3134.7 1339.7 12093.4 24932.1 8060.4
2017-Q3 3138.0 1341.7 12168.1 25002.0 8048.5
2017-Q4 3144.5 1353.2 12263.4 25099.8 8037.9
2018-Q1 3144.2 1359.5 12286.7 25133.2 8042.6
2018-Q2 3146.3 1365.0 12313.6 25150.5 8027.3
2018-Q3 3149.1 1371.9 12346.9 25186.8 8022.9
2018-Q4 3157.2 1381.6 12391.7 25263.2 8034.3
2019-Q1 3163.9 1397.8 12460.0 25360.0 8038.7
2019-Q2 3165.7 1405.9 12491.1 25420.8 8052.4
2019-Q3 3167.4 1416.7 12525.0 25461.4 8044.9
2019-Q4 3167.7 1428.5 12593.9 25550.1 8054.1
2020-Q1 3157.6 1425.3 12134.0 25057.3 8037.8
2020-Q2 3131.1 1428.1 12027.7 24853.0 7969.1
2020-Q3 3123.6 1446.8 12305.3 25254.2 8081.9

Variation in payroll employment

  • Scope: France excluding Mayotte
  • Sources: Acoss-Urssaf, Dares,INSEE

Temporary work increased sharply for the second consecutive quarter, after the historic fall in the first quarter of 2020

Temporary employment had fallen by an unprecedented 40.4% in the first quarter (–318,000 jobs). In this publication, temporary workers are accounted for within market services, whichever sector they carry out their assignment (industry, construction, market or non-market services). In each of these sectors, however, a large part of the short-term adjustment to the crisis was initially made in the first quarter through the drop in recourse to temporary work. In the second and third quarters of 2020, temporary employment increased sharply: +22.9% then +22.8% (i.e. +107,800 then +131,600 jobs). It nevertheless remains below its level of the previous year: –10.3%, or 81,100 job losses over one year.

Payroll employment increased sharply in most sectors

In the third quarter of 2020, payroll employment excluding temporary workers rebounded (+1.1% or +269,600) after two quarters of sharp decline. It nevertheless remains below its level at the end of 2019 (–217,300).

Industrial employment excluding temporary workers fell by 0.2% (–7,500 jobs) after –1.2% in the first semester (–36,600 jobs). Over one year, employment in this sector fell by 1.4%, representing 43,700 net job losses.

In construction, payroll employment excluding temporary workers increaesed sharply: +1.3% after almost stability in the first semester. Over one year, employment has risen sharply: +2.1% or +30,200 jobs.

In market services excluding temporary workers, payroll employment rebounded strongly: +1.3% or +146,100 jobs, after a 3.0% drop in the first semester (–356,000 jobs). This quarter's increase thus compensates for less than half of the job losses since the start of the health crisis, and employment in market services excluding temporary employment reached a level comparable to the end of 2018. Over a year, remains down by 1,2% that is –138,600 jobs. The rebound in the third quarter mainly concerns accommodation and food services (+5.2%, or +53,100 jobs) and the "other services to households" (+3.4%, or +42,100 jobs). Employment in these two sectors had fallen particularly sharply in the first half of the year and remains well below its pre-crisis level.

Payroll employment in mainly non-market services rebounded sharply in Q3 2020 : +1.4 % or +112,800 jobs

Payroll employment in mainly non-market services rebounded by 1.4% in the third quarter of 2020, representing 112,800 net job creations, after a 1.1% drop in the first half of the year (–85,000 jobs). This rebound mainly came from public employment, which increased by 1.5% (+88,700), more than offsetting its fall in the first half of the year (–1.1% or –63,400).

Payroll employment change: thousands

SA data in thousands
Payroll employment change: thousands (SA data in thousands) - How to read it: In Q3 2020, net job creation in market services amounted to 277,600 jobs from the previous quarter.
Change in 3 months Change in 1 year Level
2020 2020 2020
Q2 Q3 Q3 Q3
Agriculture -5.5 -0.7 -11.0 296.5
Goods-producing industries excl. Construction -26.5 -7.5 -43.7 3123.6
of which : Manufacturing -24.6 -8.2 -43.6 2745.9
Construction 2.8 18.8 30.2 1446.8
Market services -106.3 277.6 -219.7 12305.3
Temporary employment (*) 107.8 131.6 -81.1 709.4
Excluding temporary work -214.2 146.1 -138.6 11596.0
Non-market services -68.7 112.8 37.1 8081.9
Total -204.2 401.1 -207.2 25254.2
Private sector -146.8 312.4 -234.3 19430.6
Public service -57.4 88.7 27.0 5823.6
  • (*) Temporary workers are recorded in services, regardless of the sector in which they carry out their mission effectively.
  • How to read it: In Q3 2020, net job creation in market services amounted to 277,600 jobs from the previous quarter.
  • Scope: France excluding Mayotte.
  • Sources: Acoss-Urssaf, Dares, INSEE

Payroll employment change: percentage

SA data in %
Payroll employment change: percentage (SA data in %)
Change in 3 months Change in 1 year
2020 2020
Q2 Q3 Q3
Agriculture -1.8 -0.2 -3.6
Goods-producing industries excl. Construction -0.8 -0.2 -1.4
of which : Manufacturing -0.9 -0.3 -1.6
Construction 0.2 1.3 2.1
Market services -0.9 2.3 -1.8
Temporary employment (*) 22.9 22.8 -10.3
Excluding temporary work -1.8 1.3 -1.2
Non-market services -0.9 1.4 0.5
Total -0.8 1.6 -0.8
Private sector -0.8 1.6 -1.2
Public service -1.0 1.5 0.5
  • Scope: France excluding Mayotte.
  • (*) Temporary workers are recorded in services, regardless of the sector in which they carry out their mission effectively.
  • Sources: Acoss-Urssaf, Dares, INSEE

Payroll employment change

SA data in thousands
Payroll employment change (SA data in thousands)
Code Naf rev. 2 Label 2020T3
Change in 3 months Change in 1 year Level
Thousands Percentage Thousands Percentage Thousands
AZ Agriculture -0.7 -0.2 -11.0 -3.6 296.5
DE Electricity, water supply, waste management 0.7 0.2 -0.1 0.0 377.7
C1 Manufacture of food products beverage 6.5 1.1 1.5 0.3 591.2
C2 Manufacture of coke, and refined petroleum products -0.1 -0.8 -0.2 -1.8 8.9
C3 Manufacture of computer, electronic and electrical products -3.1 -0.8 -8.9 -2.1 411.2
C4 Manufacture of transport equipment -2.5 -0.7 -6.5 -1.9 338.6
C5 Other manufacturing -8.9 -0.6 -29.6 -2.1 1396.1
FZ Construction 18.8 1.3 30.2 2.1 1446.8
GZ Wholesale and retail trade 13.3 0.4 -10.5 -0.3 3173.4
HZ Transportation and storage 5.0 0.4 -17.3 -1.2 1402.9
IZ Accommodation and food service activities 53.1 5.2 -60.1 -5.3 1065.0
JZ Information and communication 9.1 1.1 2.3 0.3 814.4
KZ Financial and insurance activities 0.0 0.0 -7.5 -0.9 872.9
LZ Real estate activities 0.0 0.0 -3.6 -1.5 242.9
MN Professional, scientific and technical activities 155.2 4.7 -90.8 -2.6 3445.3
of which : Temporary employment 131.6 22.8 -81.1 -10.3 709.4
OQ Public administration and defence 112.8 1.4 37.1 0.5 8081.9
RU Other service activities 42.1 3.4 -32.1 -2.4 1288.6
  • Scope: France excluding Mayotte.
  • (*) Temporary workers are recorded in services, regardless of the sector in which they carry out their mission effectively.
  • Sources: Acoss-Urssaf, Dares, INSEE

Revisions

Compared to the employment estimate published on 8 September 2020, the fall in payroll employment (private and public) in the second quarter of 2020 is slightly attenuated (revised by +11,000 to –204,200).

Compared to the flash estimate published on 6 November 2020, the rise in payroll employment (in the private sector) in Q3 2020 has been reduced by 32,000, (–0.2 points), to +312,400. This revision is especially due to market services excluding temporary employment.

Revisions of payroll employment in Q2 2020 and Q3 2020

SA data in thousands
Revisions of payroll employment in Q2 2020 and Q3 2020 (SA data in thousands)
Q2 2020 Q3 2020
payroll employment (08/09/2020) private scope only (flash estimate)
New estimate Revision New estimate Revision
Agriculture -5.5 -1.1 -0.6 0.8
Goods-producing industries -26.5 1.9 -7.5 -2.6
Construction 2.8 2.8 18.8 2.9
Market services -106.3 4.3 271.2 -26.8
Temporary work employment (*) 107.8 -0.3 131.6 -4.3
Excluding temporary work -214.2 4.5 139.6 -22.5
Non-market services -68.7 3.1 30.6 -6.4
Total -204.2 11.0 - -
Private sector -146.8 11.4 312.4 -32.0
Public service -57.4 -0.3 - -
  • (*) Temporary workers are recorded in services, regardless of the sector in which they carry out their mission effectively.
  • Scope: France excluding Mayotte.
  • Sources: Acoss-Urssaf, Dares, INSEE

Pour en savoir plus

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