15 May 2020
N° 2020-120

Fall in business start-ups in April 2020Enterprise births - April 2020

In April 2020, the number of business births for all enterprises decreased strongly (–33.5% after –25.4% in March, seasonally and working-day adjusted). In the context of the population containment due to Covid-19, conventional businesses start-ups collapsed (–42.1% after –30.1%) and micro-entrepreneurs' registrations decreased strongly (–24.0% after –19.5%).

Informations rapides
No 120
Paru le : Paru le 15/05/2020
Prochaine parution le : 12/06/2020 at 08:45 - May 2020
Informations rapides  No 120 - May 2020
Warning:

Due to technical difficulties related to data transmissions between Insee and a business formality center in February, some births of sole proprietorships in February have been registered in March, in particular micro-entrepreneurs’ registrations. The delay lightens slightly the decrease between February and March, and accentuates slightly the decrease between March and April, in particular for micro-entrepreneurs’ registrations.

In April 2020, the number of business births for all enterprises decreased strongly (–33.5% after –25.4% in March, seasonally and working-day adjusted). In the context of the population containment due to Covid-19, conventional businesses start-ups collapsed (–42.1% after –30.1%) and micro-entrepreneurs' registrations decreased strongly (–24.0% after –19.5%).

Business monthly start-ups (SA-WDA*)

Business monthly start-ups (SA-WDA*) ()
Total of entreprise start-ups Conventional businesses
2009-01 34389 22546
2009-02 41050 22769
2009-03 48194 21681
2009-04 49501 21282
2009-05 52658 21810
2009-06 49981 21034
2009-07 49836 20633
2009-08 49926 20885
2009-09 49298 21026
2009-10 50671 21290
2009-11 51898 22292
2009-12 54672 22743
2010-01 53953 22176
2010-02 55226 21078
2010-03 57286 21238
2010-04 52806 21260
2010-05 52287 21834
2010-06 45721 22151
2010-07 50102 21591
2010-08 50359 22329
2010-09 50001 22070
2010-10 52904 22082
2010-11 50222 21946
2010-12 45714 21410
2011-01 44302 21349
2011-02 45567 21648
2011-03 44105 21203
2011-04 45290 21529
2011-05 44855 21373
2011-06 44991 20453
2011-07 47234 21944
2011-08 45111 21382
2011-09 46596 21795
2011-10 44649 20583
2011-11 48962 22676
2011-12 47002 21859
2012-01 46512 20849
2012-02 45260 20281
2012-03 47050 20639
2012-04 45845 19975
2012-05 45690 19449
2012-06 46969 20173
2012-07 46766 20190
2012-08 47720 20444
2012-09 45153 19749
2012-10 46096 20398
2012-11 43721 19827
2012-12 44414 20591
2013-01 44384 21461
2013-02 45112 22020
2013-03 45165 21965
2013-04 44785 21457
2013-05 46069 22353
2013-06 44816 21833
2013-07 44179 21634
2013-08 44150 21737
2013-09 45500 22196
2013-10 45449 22726
2013-11 45675 22802
2013-12 45690 22526
2014-01 46356 22571
2014-02 45856 22545
2014-03 45441 22344
2014-04 46081 22744
2014-05 45572 22214
2014-06 45308 22076
2014-07 46624 22264
2014-08 46818 22614
2014-09 45657 21442
2014-10 45608 21981
2014-11 46372 22452
2014-12 46522 23015
2015-01 42328 23348
2015-02 43492 24145
2015-03 44262 24514
2015-04 43701 24867
2015-05 43018 24714
2015-06 43980 25325
2015-07 43657 25455
2015-08 43608 25309
2015-09 44348 26070
2015-10 44259 25828
2015-11 44276 26247
2015-12 44337 26102
2016-01 45806 27576
2016-02 45539 26769
2016-03 45176 26549
2016-04 46946 27198
2016-05 47437 27788
2016-06 46001 27488
2016-07 45914 28056
2016-08 45797 28011
2016-09 47335 29079
2016-10 44764 26823
2016-11 46982 28383
2016-12 45728 27655
2017-01 46362 27825
2017-02 46375 27805
2017-03 47545 28505
2017-04 47134 28474
2017-05 47454 28603
2017-06 48468 28952
2017-07 51650 29605
2017-08 49942 29605
2017-09 49909 29597
2017-10 51059 30727
2017-11 54601 30664
2017-12 53981 31742
2018-01 54725 30898
2018-02 55509 31337
2018-03 56080 31397
2018-04 56510 31427
2018-05 59797 33496
2018-06 58548 32528
2018-07 56973 31500
2018-08 58817 32301
2018-09 59175 32533
2018-10 61314 32585
2018-11 58618 32406
2018-12 58967 32770
2019-01 66036 33673
2019-02 65885 34263
2019-03 67551 35104
2019-04 66423 34399
2019-05 66181 34436
2019-06 67975 35555
2019-07 67954 35692
2019-08 67363 36175
2019-09 70223 36979
2019-10 70365 37624
2019-11 73058 42572
2019-12 72987 36489
2020-01 71653 38736
2020-02 69461 39021
2020-03 51789 27291
2020-04 34425 15799
  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data

Business monthly start-ups (SA-WDA*)

  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data
  • Source: INSEE, REE (Sirene)

Business set-ups by month (SA-WDA *)

Business set-ups by month (SA-WDA *)
Jan-20 Feb-20 Mar-20 Apr-20
Total businesses set-ups 71,653 69,461 51,789 34,425
Variation [m-o-m] % -1.8 -3.1 -25.4 -33.5
Conventional businesses 38,736 39,021 27,291 15,799
Variation [m-o-m] % 6.2 0.7 -30.1 -42.1
Self-managed micro-entrepreneurs 32,916 30,439 24,498 18,626
Variation [m-o-m] % -9.8 -7.5 -19.5 -24.0
  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data
  • Source : Insee, REE (SIRENE)

Fall in business set-ups in all economic activities

In April 2020, the number of business births decreased strongly in all economic activities. The fall is the heaviest in accommodation and food supply activities (–52.9%), household services (–45.1)% and real estate activities (–44.8%). The sectors that contributed the most to the overall rise are business support activities (–7.9 points)*, household services (–4.7 points), trade (–3.6 points) and construction (–3.4 points).

Collapse in business set-ups in transportation and storage over the three last months

The raw number of business births totted up during the last three months decreased strongly (–21.6%, after –2.7%% in March). Transportation and storage was the sector that contributed the most to the overall decrease (–9 500 business births, which comes to a contribution of –4.6 points)*. Within it, the strongest decrease was in other postal and mail activities including home delivery (–7 300 business start-ups over the last three months).

The raw number of business births totted up during the last twelve months went up (+5.4%%), but the containment impact is more and more perceptible with a strong slow-down in comparison with the number of business start-ups totted up in March (+11.8%) and in February (+15.3%).

* The contribution of a sector to the overall variation is the variation observed in this sector, weighted by the share of this sector in the total number of births.

Cumulated business start-ups by type

Raw data
Cumulated business start-ups by type (Raw data)
Moving total % change * Moving total
over 3 months over 12 months January-April 2020 January-April 2019
Total -21.6 5.4 245,475 284,808
Companies -21.6 -0.4 66,705 77,947
Conventional sole proprietorships -18.3 8.6 66,753 72,633
Self-mamaged micro-entrepreneurs -23.4 7.1 112,017 134,228
  • *Total of business start-ups during the last 3 or 12 months compared with the same months a year earlier
  • Source : Insee, REE (SIRENE)

Less than a half of business set-ups are self-managed micro-entrepreneurs' registrations

In April 2020, in raw data, the share of micro–entrepreneurs' registrations in the businesses set up over the last twelve months rose slightly to 46.9%.

Business set-ups distribution by type

% over the twelve last months (raw data)
Business set-ups distribution by type (% over the twelve last months (raw data))
Feb.20 Mar.20 Apr.20
Companies 26.9 26.9 26.7
Sole proprietorships excluding self-managed micro-entrepreneurs 26.4 26.5 26.4
Self-managed micro-entrepreneurs 46.7 46.6 46.9
  • Source : Insee, REE (SIRENE)

Revisions

The variation in the overall number of business births in March 2020 has been inceased by 0.1 points to –25.4% instead of –25.5%, due to the revision of raw data and the update of the SA-WDA parameters.

Trade and business support activities monthly start-ups (SA-WDA*)

Trade and business support activities monthly start-ups (SA-WDA*) ()
Trade Business support activities
2009-01 8939 5964
2009-02 9707 7834
2009-03 10535 11117
2009-04 10848 11018
2009-05 11706 11479
2009-06 10880 11116
2009-07 11283 10933
2009-08 11033 10909
2009-09 11028 10973
2009-10 11239 11008
2009-11 11220 11405
2009-12 11713 11583
2010-01 11601 11697
2010-02 11653 11789
2010-03 11806 13340
2010-04 11019 11727
2010-05 11071 11546
2010-06 9900 9933
2010-07 10304 11272
2010-08 10689 10868
2010-09 10730 11006
2010-10 10797 11773
2010-11 10249 11367
2010-12 9538 9651
2011-01 9528 9469
2011-02 9798 9632
2011-03 9280 9396
2011-04 9802 9497
2011-05 9401 9570
2011-06 9624 9606
2011-07 9959 10431
2011-08 9375 9565
2011-09 10025 9674
2011-10 9221 9261
2011-11 9797 10946
2011-12 9761 9605
2012-01 9715 9676
2012-02 9212 9297
2012-03 9397 9892
2012-04 9260 9548
2012-05 9454 9546
2012-06 9545 9553
2012-07 9395 9686
2012-08 9685 10082
2012-09 9268 9320
2012-10 9504 9621
2012-11 9184 9224
2012-12 9355 9276
2013-01 9070 9216
2013-02 9114 9374
2013-03 9182 9341
2013-04 9145 9405
2013-05 9337 9466
2013-06 9179 9363
2013-07 9250 9235
2013-08 9187 9212
2013-09 9348 9469
2013-10 9173 9556
2013-11 9103 9716
2013-12 9022 9488
2014-01 9186 9726
2014-02 8978 9690
2014-03 9080 9621
2014-04 9136 9841
2014-05 9154 9726
2014-06 8745 9749
2014-07 9186 9957
2014-08 9125 10107
2014-09 8805 9976
2014-10 8977 9675
2014-11 8958 9668
2014-12 9011 9770
2015-01 8002 9141
2015-02 8265 9607
2015-03 8308 9625
2015-04 8261 9513
2015-05 8187 9476
2015-06 8301 9589
2015-07 8143 9655
2015-08 8107 9677
2015-09 8177 9654
2015-10 8084 9833
2015-11 8051 9795
2015-12 7838 10005
2016-01 8327 10140
2016-02 8279 10291
2016-03 8047 10183
2016-04 8302 10561
2016-05 8392 10728
2016-06 7983 10322
2016-07 7855 10371
2016-08 7934 10456
2016-09 8458 10710
2016-10 7496 10003
2016-11 8125 10834
2016-12 7775 10222
2017-01 7652 10669
2017-02 7643 10723
2017-03 7813 11060
2017-04 7895 11020
2017-05 7891 11409
2017-06 8121 11632
2017-07 8445 12642
2017-08 8651 11722
2017-09 8508 11862
2017-10 8869 11894
2017-11 8865 13444
2017-12 8950 12142
2018-01 8812 13298
2018-02 8802 13421
2018-03 8758 13672
2018-04 8663 13571
2018-05 9190 14287
2018-06 9072 14029
2018-07 8832 13775
2018-08 9050 13476
2018-09 9238 13794
2018-10 9394 14918
2018-11 9102 13512
2018-12 9048 13503
2019-01 9597 16446
2019-02 9925 15798
2019-03 9891 16267
2019-04 9699 16284
2019-05 9717 16264
2019-06 9916 16447
2019-07 9998 16790
2019-08 10074 15341
2019-09 10161 17177
2019-10 10097 17349
2019-11 10678 17530
2019-12 10227 16770
2020-01 10471 17290
2020-02 10255 15702
2020-03 6709 13725
2020-04 4823 9610
  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data

Trade and business support activities monthly start-ups (SA-WDA*)

  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data
  • Source: INSEE, REE (Sirene)

Construction and transportation business monthly set-ups (SA-WDA*)

Construction and transportation business monthly set-ups (SA-WDA*) ()
Construction Transportation and storage
2009-01 4740 621
2009-02 5949 673
2009-03 6243 675
2009-04 6580 715
2009-05 6886 754
2009-06 6902 726
2009-07 7028 714
2009-08 7032 719
2009-09 6974 672
2009-10 7334 736
2009-11 7518 677
2009-12 8035 731
2010-01 7927 844
2010-02 8576 811
2010-03 8388 881
2010-04 7912 798
2010-05 7604 809
2010-06 6452 742
2010-07 7438 775
2010-08 7355 764
2010-09 7498 814
2010-10 7898 816
2010-11 7362 779
2010-12 6758 773
2011-01 6413 779
2011-02 6796 763
2011-03 6597 783
2011-04 6778 807
2011-05 6780 763
2011-06 6559 774
2011-07 6791 777
2011-08 6918 895
2011-09 6881 793
2011-10 6865 804
2011-11 7116 772
2011-12 7083 768
2012-01 7065 770
2012-02 6935 778
2012-03 7235 799
2012-04 7123 792
2012-05 6735 798
2012-06 7343 865
2012-07 7312 894
2012-08 7378 892
2012-09 7107 789
2012-10 6956 836
2012-11 6547 808
2012-12 6595 816
2013-01 6515 836
2013-02 6584 904
2013-03 6706 894
2013-04 6616 796
2013-05 6973 963
2013-06 6583 930
2013-07 6474 922
2013-08 6416 891
2013-09 6463 974
2013-10 6621 938
2013-11 6634 960
2013-12 6896 1019
2014-01 6865 1084
2014-02 6949 1105
2014-03 6603 1039
2014-04 6623 1056
2014-05 6228 1031
2014-06 6344 1081
2014-07 6334 1195
2014-08 6201 1314
2014-09 6067 1165
2014-10 6058 1240
2014-11 6033 2264
2014-12 5933 1324
2015-01 5430 1091
2015-02 5350 1212
2015-03 5626 1903
2015-04 5363 1653
2015-05 5308 1422
2015-06 5351 1565
2015-07 5246 1654
2015-08 5212 1773
2015-09 5474 2061
2015-10 5185 2318
2015-11 5186 2332
2015-12 5107 2498
2016-01 5367 2382
2016-02 5241 2408
2016-03 5054 2466
2016-04 5438 2709
2016-05 5261 2933
2016-06 5150 2952
2016-07 5135 3019
2016-08 5044 2704
2016-09 5114 3167
2016-10 4853 3050
2016-11 4823 2920
2016-12 4896 2961
2017-01 4956 3171
2017-02 4920 3396
2017-03 4984 3354
2017-04 4951 3062
2017-05 4939 3205
2017-06 4900 3332
2017-07 5281 3535
2017-08 5033 3494
2017-09 5034 3223
2017-10 5351 3484
2017-11 5482 4342
2017-12 5520 4600
2018-01 5211 4738
2018-02 5555 4581
2018-03 5628 4919
2018-04 5598 5553
2018-05 5636 6362
2018-06 5688 6059
2018-07 5494 6011
2018-08 5752 6654
2018-09 5719 6367
2018-10 5748 6608
2018-11 5671 6776
2018-12 5911 6599
2019-01 6005 7039
2019-02 6061 7500
2019-03 6214 8017
2019-04 6147 7301
2019-05 6316 7208
2019-06 6751 7218
2019-07 7005 6448
2019-08 6955 6740
2019-09 7095 6815
2019-10 7049 6966
2019-11 7722 6162
2019-12 7046 6089
2020-01 7103 6373
2020-02 7165 6099
2020-03 4819 4597
2020-04 2974 2912
  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data

Construction and transportation business monthly set-ups (SA-WDA*)

  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data
  • Source: INSEE, REE (Sirene).

Number of monthly business set-ups (incl. self-managed micro-entrepreneurs)

SA-WDA *
Number of monthly business set-ups (incl. self-managed micro-entrepreneurs) (SA-WDA *)
NA Feb.20 Mar.20 Apr.20
Total 69,461 51,789 34,425
Industry BE 3,621 2,394 1,647
Of which Manufacturing C 3,238 2,177 1,566
Construction FZ 7,165 4,819 2,974
Wholesale and retail trade, Transport, Accommodation and Food and beverage activities GI 19,821 13,495 8,767
Trade G 10,255 6,709 4,823
Transportation and storage H 6,099 4,597 2,912
Accommodation and food service activities I 3,467 2,189 1,032
Information and communication JZ 3,304 3,025 2,499
Financial and insurance activities KZ 1,974 1,511 991
Real estate activities LZ 2,980 1,945 1,073
Business support activities MN 15,702 13,725 9,610
Public administration and defence, education, human health and social work activities OQ 6,751 5,441 3,881
Other services activities RS 8,144 5,434 2,983
  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data
  • Source : Insee, REE (SIRENE)

Fluctuation in the number of business set-ups (incl. self-managed micro-entrepreneurs)

In %
Fluctuation in the number of business set-ups (incl. self-managed micro-entrepreneurs) (In %)
NA Apr.20/Mar.20 Moving total % change**
SA-WDA * over 3 months over 12 months
Total -33.5 -21.6 5.4
Industry BE -31.2 -10.2 24.4
Of which Manufacturing C -28.1 -5.7 25.8
Construction FZ -38.3 -17.8 9.6
Wholesale and retail trade, Transport, Accommodation and Food and beverage activities GI -35.0 -31.5 -3.8
Trade G -28.1 -25.7 0.0
Transportation and storage H -36.7 -39.5 -10.6
Accommodation and food service activities I -52.9 -30.9 -0.2
Information and communication JZ -17.4 -9.9 8.2
Financial and insurance activities KZ -34.5 -6.3 10.3
Real estate activities LZ -44.8 -20.9 9.2
Business support activities MN -30.0 -18.1 7.8
Public administration and defence, education, human health and social work activities OQ -28.7 -23.2 1.3
Other services activities RS -45.1 -14.0 17.4
  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data
  • ** Total of business start-ups during the last 3 or 12 months compared with the same months a year earlier
  • Source : Insee, REE (SIRENE)

For further information

The business births data are build from the Register of Enterprises and Establishments (REE), from Sirene register information. The definition of creation adopted by INSEE is based on the concept defined by EUROSTAT, to harmonize and compare European data.

The appearance of a legal operating unit with no predecessor is considered to be a newly created enterprise by Eurostat. This concept of creation relies on new production resources. The business start-up statistics include applications for start-ups as micro-entrepreneurs, starting from the data relating to January 2009. Since this date, sole proprietorships excluding self-managed micro-entrepreneurs are called conventional sole proprietorships and start-ups excluding self-managed micro-entrepreneurs are called conventional businesses.

Additional informations (time series) are available at the bottom of this page.

Next issue: 12 June 2020 at 8:45am

The business births data are build from the Register of Enterprises and Establishments (REE), from Sirene register information. The definition of creation adopted by INSEE is based on the concept defined by EUROSTAT, to harmonize and compare European data.

The appearance of a legal operating unit with no predecessor is considered to be a newly created enterprise by Eurostat. This concept of creation relies on new production resources. The business start-up statistics include applications for start-ups as micro-entrepreneurs, starting from the data relating to January 2009. Since this date, sole proprietorships excluding self-managed micro-entrepreneurs are called conventional sole proprietorships and start-ups excluding self-managed micro-entrepreneurs are called conventional businesses.

Additional informations (time series) are available at the bottom of this page.

Next issue: 12 June 2020 at 8:45am


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