Insee conjoncture
21 février 2019
N° 2019-40

In February 2019, the business climate improves again in the building construction industryMonthly survey of building - February 2019

According to the business managers in the building construction industry surveyed in February 2019, the business climate has improved again. After having decreased by on point in January, the composite indicator has gone up by two points and has reached 111, its highest level since July 2008. It stands largely above its long-term average (100).

Informations rapides
No 40
Paru le : 21/02/2019
Prochaine parution le : 26/03/2019 at 08:45 - March 2019

According to the business managers in the building construction industry surveyed in February 2019, the business climate has improved again. After having decreased by on point in January, the composite indicator has gone up by two points and has reached 111, its highest level since July 2008. It stands largely above its long-term average (100).

Business climate composite indicator

Business climate composite indicator
Business climate composite indicator
1998-01 97.8
1998-02 99.2
1998-03 100.3
1998-04 100.1
1998-05 102.1
1998-06 103.3
1998-07 106.0
1998-08 106.0
1998-09 106.2
1998-10 103.6
1998-11 104.4
1998-12 103.3
1999-01 104.2
1999-02 105.1
1999-03 107.0
1999-04 108.2
1999-05 109.0
1999-06 107.6
1999-07 109.9
1999-08 111.7
1999-09 113.7
1999-10 114.7
1999-11 114.5
1999-12 117.8
2000-01 119.0
2000-02 118.0
2000-03 118.4
2000-04 122.4
2000-05 121.3
2000-06 123.7
2000-07 124.6
2000-08 124.5
2000-09 124.6
2000-10 125.5
2000-11 124.0
2000-12 122.9
2001-01 121.2
2001-02 121.8
2001-03 118.8
2001-04 117.6
2001-05 117.0
2001-06 116.7
2001-07 113.9
2001-08 113.1
2001-09 112.5
2001-10 111.7
2001-11 112.3
2001-12 111.1
2002-01 110.5
2002-02 110.6
2002-03 111.8
2002-04 110.0
2002-05 110.6
2002-06 110.6
2002-07 110.3
2002-08 108.3
2002-09 106.4
2002-10 105.6
2002-11 104.5
2002-12 104.6
2003-01 105.6
2003-02 105.9
2003-03 104.4
2003-04 105.7
2003-05 105.3
2003-06 104.2
2003-07 105.2
2003-08 106.5
2003-09 108.0
2003-10 106.4
2003-11 109.7
2003-12 110.4
2004-01 110.5
2004-02 108.5
2004-03 108.6
2004-04 111.0
2004-05 108.9
2004-06 106.8
2004-07 108.8
2004-08 108.4
2004-09 108.2
2004-10 108.8
2004-11 109.4
2004-12 109.5
2005-01 109.7
2005-02 109.3
2005-03 110.1
2005-04 110.5
2005-05 110.6
2005-06 111.7
2005-07 111.0
2005-08 111.4
2005-09 112.0
2005-10 113.5
2005-11 114.0
2005-12 114.1
2006-01 115.6
2006-02 115.0
2006-03 114.1
2006-04 114.9
2006-05 115.7
2006-06 115.4
2006-07 116.6
2006-08 116.8
2006-09 117.2
2006-10 117.2
2006-11 116.6
2006-12 117.5
2007-01 115.6
2007-02 115.4
2007-03 116.5
2007-04 115.9
2007-05 117.3
2007-06 118.4
2007-07 118.4
2007-08 117.8
2007-09 117.8
2007-10 116.5
2007-11 117.5
2007-12 117.4
2008-01 116.8
2008-02 118.2
2008-03 117.1
2008-04 115.4
2008-05 112.9
2008-06 111.2
2008-07 108.7
2008-08 109.2
2008-09 107.1
2008-10 104.4
2008-11 102.1
2008-12 99.2
2009-01 98.4
2009-02 93.8
2009-03 96.0
2009-04 94.6
2009-05 92.8
2009-06 93.9
2009-07 92.9
2009-08 93.5
2009-09 94.2
2009-10 94.5
2009-11 93.4
2009-12 93.2
2010-01 93.6
2010-02 94.0
2010-03 93.4
2010-04 93.4
2010-05 94.4
2010-06 94.9
2010-07 96.1
2010-08 96.7
2010-09 96.1
2010-10 97.4
2010-11 99.0
2010-12 100.5
2011-01 100.4
2011-02 101.3
2011-03 101.6
2011-04 102.4
2011-05 102.8
2011-06 103.4
2011-07 103.6
2011-08 102.9
2011-09 102.4
2011-10 102.3
2011-11 100.9
2011-12 101.1
2012-01 102.1
2012-02 101.4
2012-03 101.4
2012-04 100.4
2012-05 99.6
2012-06 99.1
2012-07 98.4
2012-08 98.1
2012-09 96.9
2012-10 96.5
2012-11 96.4
2012-12 95.9
2013-01 95.5
2013-02 94.9
2013-03 93.8
2013-04 94.0
2013-05 93.7
2013-06 93.3
2013-07 93.9
2013-08 94.2
2013-09 95.8
2013-10 95.8
2013-11 94.5
2013-12 94.4
2014-01 94.2
2014-02 94.3
2014-03 94.8
2014-04 93.8
2014-05 94.8
2014-06 92.5
2014-07 91.4
2014-08 90.6
2014-09 89.9
2014-10 89.1
2014-11 90.4
2014-12 89.9
2015-01 88.7
2015-02 89.4
2015-03 89.4
2015-04 88.6
2015-05 89.6
2015-06 90.5
2015-07 90.6
2015-08 91.7
2015-09 91.9
2015-10 92.0
2015-11 92.0
2015-12 92.4
2016-01 93.2
2016-02 93.1
2016-03 93.1
2016-04 94.4
2016-05 94.6
2016-06 94.7
2016-07 95.7
2016-08 96.3
2016-09 97.3
2016-10 98.1
2016-11 99.4
2016-12 98.1
2017-01 99.7
2017-02 100.2
2017-03 100.4
2017-04 100.3
2017-05 102.4
2017-06 103.3
2017-07 104.5
2017-08 103.6
2017-09 103.5
2017-10 105.1
2017-11 105.8
2017-12 108.9
2018-01 107.6
2018-02 106.8
2018-03 107.7
2018-04 107.6
2018-05 108.2
2018-06 108.3
2018-07 108.5
2018-08 108.1
2018-09 107.9
2018-10 108.0
2018-11 109.4
2018-12 109.7
2019-01 109.3
2019-02 110.8

Business climate composite indicator

Business managers’ opinion on their past activity improves significantly

In February 2019, many more business managers than in the previous month have indicated an increase in their activity over the last three months. The corresponding balance, already above its long-term average, has risen vigorously. However, the balance of opinion on expected activity has slipped back while remaining well above its long-term average.

Building industry economic outlook

Balances of opinion, in %, SA
Building industry economic outlook (Balances of opinion, in %, SA)
Mean* Nov. 18 Dec. 18 Jan. 19 Feb. 19
Composite indicator 100 109 110 109 111
Past activity -3 2 6 6 12
Expected activity -5 13 13 17 14
Gen. business outlook -16 2
Past employment -5 9 5 2 7
Expected employment -4 14 14 6 17
Opinion on order books -23 -7 -4 -6 -4
Order books (in month) 5.6 7.6 7.4 7.8 8.0
Production capacity utilisation rate 88.5 90.0 90.4 91.1 91.2
Obstacles to production increase (in %) 32 37 38 41 43
- Because of workforce shortage (in %) 14 20 22 24 25
Recruiting problems (in %) 58 74
Expected prices -14 2 4 9 9
Cash-flow position -10 -14
Repayment period 30 36
  • *Mean since April 1975 for the composite indicator and since September 1993 for the balances of opinion.
  • Source : INSEE, French business survey in the building industry

Activity tendency in building construction

Activity tendency in building construction
Expected activity Past activity
1998-01 -5.2 -3.8
1998-02 -4.4 0.7
1998-03 -1.0 5.6
1998-04 -2.2 2.7
1998-05 1.9 7.8
1998-06 5.6 13.6
1998-07 5.7 16.8
1998-08 7.0 18.3
1998-09 8.5 19.7
1998-10 3.8 13.5
1998-11 -2.9 16.0
1998-12 -14.0 3.1
1999-01 -1.2 18.0
1999-02 4.3 12.1
1999-03 4.5 15.2
1999-04 10.4 19.6
1999-05 23.2 18.4
1999-06 16.5 17.9
1999-07 19.1 23.3
1999-08 19.0 24.2
1999-09 19.0 24.9
1999-10 13.2 29.1
1999-11 15.1 28.0
1999-12 28.7 32.4
2000-01 31.4 34.8
2000-02 23.8 33.6
2000-03 26.2 34.9
2000-04 31.4 44.1
2000-05 26.7 35.1
2000-06 33.1 34.8
2000-07 34.5 40.5
2000-08 33.9 40.4
2000-09 33.5 40.4
2000-10 32.5 40.1
2000-11 27.2 40.1
2000-12 21.0 33.2
2001-01 6.8 34.8
2001-02 9.9 34.7
2001-03 11.6 30.4
2001-04 8.8 17.0
2001-05 3.5 19.3
2001-06 1.7 14.1
2001-07 0.3 12.0
2001-08 -2.4 7.0
2001-09 -4.7 2.5
2001-10 -7.5 1.8
2001-11 -5.9 -3.1
2001-12 -11.0 -1.7
2002-01 -4.8 -6.4
2002-02 -3.5 -3.1
2002-03 -3.9 -0.7
2002-04 -10.5 -7.5
2002-05 -2.1 -0.2
2002-06 -0.8 -0.4
2002-07 -4.3 -11.3
2002-08 -10.7 -11.0
2002-09 -16.4 -9.6
2002-10 -21.3 -11.5
2002-11 -20.2 -15.5
2002-12 -19.9 -19.5
2003-01 -23.1 -13.3
2003-02 -19.7 -15.2
2003-03 -23.7 -18.4
2003-04 -22.1 -15.5
2003-05 -17.3 -16.9
2003-06 -17.8 -15.7
2003-07 -13.1 -16.1
2003-08 -9.9 -10.4
2003-09 -5.8 -3.6
2003-10 -6.9 -13.3
2003-11 0.1 -9.6
2003-12 1.6 -5.3
2004-01 16.7 -1.3
2004-02 7.0 1.3
2004-03 8.4 3.1
2004-04 4.7 6.1
2004-05 3.1 6.3
2004-06 1.1 5.9
2004-07 10.9 6.9
2004-08 11.1 6.3
2004-09 12.1 6.9
2004-10 11.2 8.7
2004-11 12.4 13.4
2004-12 12.8 12.2
2005-01 13.7 11.1
2005-02 10.5 11.6
2005-03 12.5 8.3
2005-04 11.5 9.7
2005-05 12.5 9.2
2005-06 15.0 12.7
2005-07 13.8 15.4
2005-08 13.1 14.6
2005-09 13.1 15.3
2005-10 18.9 18.0
2005-11 23.6 19.3
2005-12 21.6 20.2
2006-01 22.8 20.5
2006-02 21.5 13.5
2006-03 15.4 17.5
2006-04 13.7 20.1
2006-05 16.7 21.0
2006-06 12.6 21.4
2006-07 15.0 21.2
2006-08 16.6 20.6
2006-09 18.7 22.6
2006-10 22.8 22.9
2006-11 23.7 20.6
2006-12 22.3 22.1
2007-01 24.1 20.2
2007-02 20.2 19.8
2007-03 16.8 22.5
2007-04 18.3 24.1
2007-05 19.9 22.4
2007-06 19.3 25.0
2007-07 16.9 25.0
2007-08 17.8 20.7
2007-09 19.4 20.6
2007-10 18.6 19.6
2007-11 13.8 21.5
2007-12 18.3 19.2
2008-01 9.8 18.7
2008-02 16.5 18.0
2008-03 16.4 15.6
2008-04 7.8 16.3
2008-05 9.3 9.6
2008-06 -5.8 5.0
2008-07 -8.2 -0.3
2008-08 -4.8 0.3
2008-09 -9.4 -0.9
2008-10 -30.1 -10.7
2008-11 -36.2 -11.4
2008-12 -29.8 -21.0
2009-01 -33.6 -19.6
2009-02 -45.5 -25.8
2009-03 -37.5 -24.3
2009-04 -37.5 -30.0
2009-05 -34.9 -29.2
2009-06 -34.7 -33.1
2009-07 -34.2 -33.3
2009-08 -26.5 -31.2
2009-09 -24.5 -28.3
2009-10 -18.1 -25.0
2009-11 -20.7 -26.2
2009-12 -20.1 -26.5
2010-01 -19.3 -26.6
2010-02 -17.1 -23.7
2010-03 -18.1 -26.1
2010-04 -18.4 -25.3
2010-05 -18.4 -20.7
2010-06 -15.8 -17.6
2010-07 -13.7 -14.0
2010-08 -10.3 -12.6
2010-09 -12.6 -13.1
2010-10 -1.5 -13.2
2010-11 -1.0 -12.9
2010-12 -1.6 -7.9
2011-01 -0.9 -8.5
2011-02 4.3 -3.7
2011-03 3.4 1.7
2011-04 4.8 8.4
2011-05 1.5 6.0
2011-06 4.0 6.2
2011-07 3.1 8.3
2011-08 0.4 1.7
2011-09 -4.0 -0.6
2011-10 -2.7 -2.3
2011-11 -9.8 -4.4
2011-12 -12.7 -4.5
2012-01 -10.9 -1.6
2012-02 -11.4 -3.6
2012-03 -9.7 -5.5
2012-04 -11.9 -8.6
2012-05 -15.2 -13.5
2012-06 -14.2 -13.5
2012-07 -18.2 -15.0
2012-08 -20.4 -15.0
2012-09 -19.6 -15.0
2012-10 -24.7 -18.5
2012-11 -24.0 -21.3
2012-12 -22.9 -20.7
2013-01 -24.6 -21.6
2013-02 -21.5 -23.0
2013-03 -23.5 -23.7
2013-04 -24.3 -28.1
2013-05 -21.3 -26.8
2013-06 -24.2 -26.5
2013-07 -23.3 -22.2
2013-08 -21.9 -16.6
2013-09 -11.4 -13.2
2013-10 -15.1 -13.6
2013-11 -15.2 -13.0
2013-12 -19.1 -20.5
2014-01 -15.8 -20.8
2014-02 -20.6 -17.0
2014-03 -18.1 -17.0
2014-04 -21.7 -17.3
2014-05 -19.4 -19.0
2014-06 -18.3 -18.4
2014-07 -28.5 -18.2
2014-08 -30.2 -24.9
2014-09 -28.9 -29.9
2014-10 -30.0 -32.1
2014-11 -22.8 -25.3
2014-12 -27.8 -23.5
2015-01 -32.7 -23.1
2015-02 -24.4 -29.8
2015-03 -24.2 -27.1
2015-04 -22.8 -20.2
2015-05 -26.2 -21.7
2015-06 -21.3 -20.5
2015-07 -16.6 -22.0
2015-08 -12.2 -17.8
2015-09 -12.4 -17.4
2015-10 -15.5 -15.0
2015-11 -18.0 -15.6
2015-12 -7.2 -12.2
2016-01 -8.1 -14.8
2016-02 -17.0 -14.4
2016-03 -9.3 -13.2
2016-04 -3.5 -12.2
2016-05 -2.2 -8.3
2016-06 -3.5 -10.0
2016-07 -0.3 -9.2
2016-08 -7.0 -6.2
2016-09 1.2 -6.9
2016-10 3.2 -1.1
2016-11 4.1 -0.1
2016-12 0.2 -6.3
2017-01 -2.1 5.3
2017-02 -1.4 -0.2
2017-03 2.7 -0.2
2017-04 7.6 -4.7
2017-05 1.7 3.8
2017-06 2.8 9.1
2017-07 10.7 6.1
2017-08 9.3 2.9
2017-09 9.4 8.0
2017-10 8.2 4.3
2017-11 16.7 8.3
2017-12 15.7 12.4
2018-01 14.3 14.0
2018-02 10.5 15.5
2018-03 12.0 15.3
2018-04 14.8 13.1
2018-05 12.3 4.9
2018-06 11.8 2.5
2018-07 5.8 9.6
2018-08 0.1 9.9
2018-09 9.6 2.1
2018-10 10.4 2.6
2018-11 12.6 1.9
2018-12 13.2 5.6
2019-01 16.6 6.4
2019-02 13.6 12.2

Activity tendency in building construction

Many more business managers plan to increase their staff size

In February 2019, many more business managers than in January 2019 have reported an increase in their staff size over the last three months. The corresponding balance has bounced back and stands above its long-term average. Likewise, employment prospects have improved: the balance of opinion on expected staff size has picked up strongly after having plummeted in January. It has reached a level unseen since May 2008, well above its long-term average.

Workforce size tendency in building construction

Workforce size tendency in building construction
Expected workforce size Past workforce size
1998-01 -14.3 -15.5
1998-02 -16.3 -15.6
1998-03 -10.2 -13.5
1998-04 -10.4 -11.7
1998-05 -8.4 -6.6
1998-06 -9.3 -5.2
1998-07 -4.2 -2.2
1998-08 -3.9 -0.8
1998-09 -3.9 1.4
1998-10 -7.3 -2.0
1998-11 -8.2 -0.5
1998-12 -7.5 0.2
1999-01 -7.9 -2.0
1999-02 -2.3 0.1
1999-03 -3.7 3.1
1999-04 -2.2 1.9
1999-05 6.8 0.2
1999-06 8.8 -0.2
1999-07 12.5 8.3
1999-08 12.9 12.2
1999-09 13.0 16.7
1999-10 15.7 16.6
1999-11 18.3 14.4
1999-12 19.6 20.6
2000-01 22.7 18.8
2000-02 19.5 18.3
2000-03 22.9 16.2
2000-04 21.9 28.7
2000-05 14.1 24.0
2000-06 23.8 24.5
2000-07 23.2 28.6
2000-08 26.4 27.4
2000-09 29.5 26.5
2000-10 35.4 28.7
2000-11 27.7 28.7
2000-12 25.1 26.0
2001-01 20.6 20.8
2001-02 17.3 23.3
2001-03 12.7 19.3
2001-04 12.4 12.1
2001-05 13.0 14.8
2001-06 11.2 13.6
2001-07 11.9 8.1
2001-08 9.1 6.8
2001-09 6.2 5.7
2001-10 5.6 2.0
2001-11 6.5 3.9
2001-12 7.4 1.3
2002-01 8.6 2.9
2002-02 9.4 1.3
2002-03 9.3 2.9
2002-04 6.3 -1.0
2002-05 5.3 -0.3
2002-06 5.6 -0.9
2002-07 0.6 -0.9
2002-08 -1.3 -2.3
2002-09 -3.2 -3.6
2002-10 10.1 -3.1
2002-11 -5.7 -2.9
2002-12 -4.9 -2.7
2003-01 -1.3 0.1
2003-02 -2.2 1.4
2003-03 -3.7 -2.5
2003-04 -1.5 4.5
2003-05 -2.6 -0.4
2003-06 -1.0 -0.5
2003-07 0.9 0.2
2003-08 2.7 1.3
2003-09 4.5 2.3
2003-10 5.1 -0.7
2003-11 8.4 6.1
2003-12 12.4 6.5
2004-01 12.6 6.7
2004-02 2.3 2.2
2004-03 3.3 2.0
2004-04 8.2 7.8
2004-05 6.9 3.4
2004-06 4.9 0.1
2004-07 5.2 1.7
2004-08 6.7 0.5
2004-09 8.4 -1.0
2004-10 7.5 -0.4
2004-11 10.9 -0.5
2004-12 11.7 1.4
2005-01 9.2 0.7
2005-02 9.5 0.1
2005-03 12.5 5.5
2005-04 15.2 6.9
2005-05 14.2 6.7
2005-06 14.0 8.2
2005-07 16.9 3.9
2005-08 15.2 6.0
2005-09 13.7 7.9
2005-10 15.9 9.7
2005-11 19.6 11.5
2005-12 17.0 12.7
2006-01 18.4 18.9
2006-02 20.2 19.9
2006-03 19.2 13.3
2006-04 18.2 16.0
2006-05 20.5 18.2
2006-06 21.8 17.9
2006-07 20.3 20.4
2006-08 22.2 21.1
2006-09 24.4 21.7
2006-10 26.1 21.6
2006-11 23.8 19.8
2006-12 26.3 18.5
2007-01 27.0 19.2
2007-02 25.3 21.4
2007-03 24.6 20.5
2007-04 22.9 20.6
2007-05 25.5 20.2
2007-06 28.6 23.4
2007-07 25.4 21.6
2007-08 24.6 21.8
2007-09 24.2 22.1
2007-10 23.1 16.6
2007-11 26.7 21.7
2007-12 21.5 21.0
2008-01 19.9 22.6
2008-02 15.9 21.4
2008-03 22.3 23.0
2008-04 23.0 21.1
2008-05 15.5 12.9
2008-06 13.8 13.6
2008-07 11.9 13.4
2008-08 9.5 9.3
2008-09 4.8 5.9
2008-10 -1.4 5.8
2008-11 -8.7 -0.9
2008-12 -12.5 -2.3
2009-01 -16.9 -8.7
2009-02 -17.9 -8.2
2009-03 -22.4 -12.8
2009-04 -20.9 -18.5
2009-05 -20.2 -17.9
2009-06 -20.1 -17.9
2009-07 -20.3 -20.7
2009-08 -19.0 -19.2
2009-09 -17.0 -19.1
2009-10 -15.9 -19.2
2009-11 -15.3 -18.8
2009-12 -14.5 -18.8
2010-01 -12.8 -18.3
2010-02 -15.8 -17.2
2010-03 -13.1 -16.8
2010-04 -14.1 -16.6
2010-05 -14.6 -13.9
2010-06 -15.4 -15.8
2010-07 -13.4 -10.8
2010-08 -11.3 -12.0
2010-09 -7.7 -11.0
2010-10 -7.7 -11.9
2010-11 -3.8 -7.6
2010-12 -1.7 -4.4
2011-01 -1.3 -4.2
2011-02 3.1 -5.1
2011-03 3.6 -3.1
2011-04 4.8 0.2
2011-05 7.3 -0.3
2011-06 6.8 3.3
2011-07 7.7 3.3
2011-08 3.4 3.8
2011-09 -0.8 2.6
2011-10 -6.2 -2.2
2011-11 -7.4 -8.8
2011-12 -5.3 -6.4
2012-01 -3.8 -4.2
2012-02 -3.9 -5.4
2012-03 -9.0 -6.9
2012-04 -9.3 -8.7
2012-05 -12.6 -8.9
2012-06 -11.3 -7.6
2012-07 -15.3 -11.9
2012-08 -14.7 -11.2
2012-09 -16.7 -15.9
2012-10 -14.6 -10.0
2012-11 -14.9 -10.8
2012-12 -16.2 -13.3
2013-01 -15.6 -14.5
2013-02 -15.9 -17.0
2013-03 -18.0 -17.9
2013-04 -13.6 -14.1
2013-05 -19.0 -16.1
2013-06 -18.2 -18.5
2013-07 -17.9 -18.2
2013-08 -16.0 -19.9
2013-09 -14.7 -18.5
2013-10 -10.4 -13.4
2013-11 -16.7 -18.1
2013-12 -17.6 -16.7
2014-01 -19.5 -19.0
2014-02 -21.1 -19.4
2014-03 -18.5 -18.7
2014-04 -19.4 -22.6
2014-05 -19.3 -15.3
2014-06 -23.5 -26.5
2014-07 -21.8 -25.6
2014-08 -26.9 -26.6
2014-09 -28.1 -28.8
2014-10 -26.0 -28.7
2014-11 -22.6 -24.8
2014-12 -24.3 -25.8
2015-01 -29.5 -29.3
2015-02 -24.4 -24.5
2015-03 -25.3 -26.6
2015-04 -27.4 -34.4
2015-05 -27.4 -29.8
2015-06 -20.3 -26.4
2015-07 -24.0 -28.9
2015-08 -23.1 -25.2
2015-09 -21.9 -25.0
2015-10 -23.4 -26.7
2015-11 -21.4 -28.3
2015-12 -23.3 -27.4
2016-01 -20.3 -24.7
2016-02 -20.6 -25.2
2016-03 -20.4 -27.0
2016-04 -17.9 -23.5
2016-05 -16.2 -23.8
2016-06 -17.2 -23.9
2016-07 -16.3 -21.3
2016-08 -13.3 -21.1
2016-09 -10.1 -18.9
2016-10 -8.9 -17.5
2016-11 -11.1 -14.7
2016-12 -8.4 -15.2
2017-01 -7.3 -14.2
2017-02 -7.6 -12.4
2017-03 -6.5 -10.8
2017-04 -5.0 -15.6
2017-05 -1.5 -7.3
2017-06 1.1 -6.7
2017-07 5.2 -2.9
2017-08 1.9 -8.0
2017-09 2.4 -7.6
2017-10 3.3 -5.4
2017-11 1.9 -5.5
2017-12 12.0 7.1
2018-01 8.8 -1.3
2018-02 6.4 -3.6
2018-03 13.0 1.4
2018-04 11.7 3.4
2018-05 9.3 7.9
2018-06 8.8 3.7
2018-07 15.6 3.9
2018-08 14.6 3.2
2018-09 15.1 3.6
2018-10 8.3 4.7
2018-11 14.4 9.4
2018-12 14.2 5.5
2019-01 6.0 2.1
2019-02 17.1 7.4

Workforce size tendency in building construction

More business managers consider that their order books are well filled

In February 2019, more business managers than in the previous month consider that their order books are well filled. The corresponding balance of opinion has recovered after a slight dip and has returned to its December 2018 level, far above its long-term average. With their present staff size, business managers consider that their order books provide 8.0 months of work, a volume higher than last month and much greater than the long-term average (5.6 months).

Order books

Order books
Opinion on order books (left scale) Order books (right scale)
1998-01 -38.4 3.5
1998-02 -31.7 3.6
1998-03 -30.6 3.6
1998-04 -32.0 3.6
1998-05 -28.4 3.7
1998-06 -25.5 3.8
1998-07 -14.0 3.9
1998-08 -16.5 3.9
1998-09 -17.6 4.0
1998-10 -22.3 4.0
1998-11 -20.3 4.0
1998-12 -21.4 4.0
1999-01 -21.3 4.1
1999-02 -20.1 4.1
1999-03 -14.3 4.2
1999-04 -8.4 4.3
1999-05 -6.5 4.2
1999-06 -12.3 4.1
1999-07 -6.9 4.2
1999-08 -1.9 4.2
1999-09 4.6 4.3
1999-10 10.3 4.3
1999-11 10.1 4.4
1999-12 17.1 4.6
2000-01 23.7 4.7
2000-02 20.0 4.7
2000-03 24.4 4.9
2000-04 29.6 5.0
2000-05 30.7 5.3
2000-06 38.5 5.3
2000-07 41.4 5.4
2000-08 39.9 5.5
2000-09 39.8 5.5
2000-10 42.8 5.6
2000-11 34.8 5.6
2000-12 35.2 5.4
2001-01 34.4 5.4
2001-02 34.5 5.4
2001-03 20.8 5.3
2001-04 27.0 5.3
2001-05 22.8 5.2
2001-06 24.6 5.2
2001-07 16.6 5.1
2001-08 15.2 5.1
2001-09 15.1 5.1
2001-10 11.9 5.1
2001-11 17.5 5.2
2001-12 13.9 5.4
2002-01 8.3 5.1
2002-02 9.8 5.3
2002-03 12.6 5.5
2002-04 10.0 5.3
2002-05 8.9 5.3
2002-06 9.1 5.5
2002-07 11.4 5.5
2002-08 2.4 5.3
2002-09 -5.6 5.0
2002-10 -8.8 5.2
2002-11 -13.4 5.0
2002-12 -11.8 5.0
2003-01 -9.9 5.3
2003-02 -8.9 5.1
2003-03 -10.9 4.9
2003-04 -12.2 5.2
2003-05 -10.4 5.2
2003-06 -16.6 4.9
2003-07 -13.9 4.9
2003-08 -9.9 5.0
2003-09 -4.9 5.1
2003-10 -7.4 5.0
2003-11 1.7 5.4
2003-12 3.7 5.5
2004-01 -1.9 5.6
2004-02 -8.3 5.5
2004-03 -7.6 5.5
2004-04 1.3 5.8
2004-05 -6.5 5.8
2004-06 -16.1 5.7
2004-07 -8.7 5.8
2004-08 -10.1 5.8
2004-09 -10.7 5.7
2004-10 -7.8 5.8
2004-11 -5.6 5.9
2004-12 -6.8 5.9
2005-01 -5.2 5.9
2005-02 -6.2 5.8
2005-03 -7.1 5.8
2005-04 -5.4 5.8
2005-05 -6.0 5.9
2005-06 -2.7 6.0
2005-07 -2.8 6.0
2005-08 -1.9 6.1
2005-09 -0.4 6.1
2005-10 3.5 6.1
2005-11 2.1 6.1
2005-12 3.0 6.1
2006-01 4.9 6.1
2006-02 4.1 6.2
2006-03 4.9 6.2
2006-04 6.8 6.1
2006-05 7.7 5.9
2006-06 6.3 6.2
2006-07 9.2 6.3
2006-08 8.8 6.3
2006-09 9.0 6.3
2006-10 8.5 6.2
2006-11 7.2 6.2
2006-12 13.7 6.4
2007-01 1.5 6.4
2007-02 -1.3 6.5
2007-03 6.5 6.4
2007-04 1.2 6.5
2007-05 10.5 6.5
2007-06 13.7 6.5
2007-07 15.5 6.6
2007-08 13.5 6.7
2007-09 12.9 6.8
2007-10 11.0 6.8
2007-11 11.5 6.8
2007-12 10.9 6.7
2008-01 9.5 6.7
2008-02 16.7 6.7
2008-03 9.7 6.8
2008-04 4.0 6.7
2008-05 -0.5 6.7
2008-06 -5.3 6.8
2008-07 -16.9 6.7
2008-08 -10.9 6.4
2008-09 -14.9 6.2
2008-10 -22.0 6.2
2008-11 -25.9 5.9
2008-12 -35.5 5.7
2009-01 -32.9 5.9
2009-02 -44.3 5.6
2009-03 -33.9 5.6
2009-04 -40.4 5.5
2009-05 -51.8 5.5
2009-06 -43.7 5.5
2009-07 -46.0 5.5
2009-08 -46.9 5.5
2009-09 -45.4 5.5
2009-10 -45.7 5.4
2009-11 -50.0 5.5
2009-12 -47.4 5.5
2010-01 -48.3 5.6
2010-02 -49.1 5.7
2010-03 -50.1 5.8
2010-04 -50.1 5.8
2010-05 -47.8 5.8
2010-06 -47.1 5.9
2010-07 -46.3 5.9
2010-08 -43.5 5.9
2010-09 -43.4 5.9
2010-10 -39.3 5.9
2010-11 -35.8 6.0
2010-12 -34.3 6.1
2011-01 -34.1 6.2
2011-02 -31.5 6.5
2011-03 -33.8 6.2
2011-04 -36.2 6.3
2011-05 -31.3 6.3
2011-06 -31.4 6.3
2011-07 -30.7 6.4
2011-08 -31.9 6.4
2011-09 -33.0 6.5
2011-10 -29.7 6.9
2011-11 -29.0 7.0
2011-12 -28.7 6.8
2012-01 -26.6 6.9
2012-02 -28.9 6.9
2012-03 -26.9 6.9
2012-04 -28.9 6.8
2012-05 -31.4 6.8
2012-06 -35.2 6.8
2012-07 -33.6 6.7
2012-08 -34.4 6.8
2012-09 -35.7 7.1
2012-10 -38.3 7.2
2012-11 -39.2 7.3
2012-12 -39.6 7.1
2013-01 -42.0 7.1
2013-02 -43.3 7.2
2013-03 -46.2 7.0
2013-04 -46.7 7.0
2013-05 -47.9 7.1
2013-06 -47.3 7.0
2013-07 -45.9 7.0
2013-08 -44.8 7.0
2013-09 -41.8 7.0
2013-10 -44.8 7.0
2013-11 -47.5 6.9
2013-12 -48.8 6.4
2014-01 -46.8 6.8
2014-02 -45.5 6.7
2014-03 -43.4 6.7
2014-04 -44.6 6.8
2014-05 -44.5 6.9
2014-06 -46.8 6.8
2014-07 -51.1 6.3
2014-08 -52.6 6.6
2014-09 -53.2 6.5
2014-10 -56.5 6.4
2014-11 -56.6 6.4
2014-12 -57.5 6.5
2015-01 -58.9 6.1
2015-02 -59.3 6.3
2015-03 -58.2 6.5
2015-04 -57.6 6.5
2015-05 -54.8 6.5
2015-06 -55.9 6.5
2015-07 -53.9 6.4
2015-08 -53.3 6.5
2015-09 -52.2 6.5
2015-10 -50.7 6.4
2015-11 -48.4 6.5
2015-12 -50.6 6.5
2016-01 -48.2 6.6
2016-02 -48.0 6.6
2016-03 -47.8 6.7
2016-04 -45.5 6.7
2016-05 -46.3 6.6
2016-06 -44.7 6.4
2016-07 -43.3 6.8
2016-08 -41.2 6.8
2016-09 -38.1 6.8
2016-10 -37.6 6.8
2016-11 -33.8 6.8
2016-12 -38.2 6.9
2017-01 -33.3 6.9
2017-02 -30.8 7.0
2017-03 -32.8 7.0
2017-04 -28.2 6.8
2017-05 -26.1 7.1
2017-06 -23.4 7.2
2017-07 -21.5 7.3
2017-08 -20.6 7.3
2017-09 -23.2 7.3
2017-10 -14.7 7.4
2017-11 -15.7 7.5
2017-12 -12.4 7.6
2018-01 -11.2 7.3
2018-02 -12.9 7.5
2018-03 -12.5 7.3
2018-04 -15.9 7.3
2018-05 -13.8 7.3
2018-06 -8.9 7.3
2018-07 -8.1 7.3
2018-08 -8.7 7.3
2018-09 -11.1 7.2
2018-10 -11.8 7.3
2018-11 -7.4 7.6
2018-12 -3.8 7.4
2019-01 -6.2 7.8
2019-02 -3.6 8.1

Order books

The turning point indicator stands in the area indicating a favourable economic situation.

Turning-point indicator

Turning-point indicator
Turning-point indicator
2010-01 0.5
2010-02 0.83
2010-03 0.83
2010-04 -0.33
2010-05 -0.13
2010-06 -0.03
2010-07 0.39
2010-08 0.47
2010-09 0.55
2010-10 0.23
2010-11 0.82
2010-12 0.94
2011-01 0.96
2011-02 0.97
2011-03 0.96
2011-04 0.99
2011-05 0.96
2011-06 0.92
2011-07 0.96
2011-08 0.91
2011-09 0.77
2011-10 0.73
2011-11 0.51
2011-12 0.62
2012-01 0.96
2012-02 -0.03
2012-03 -0.7
2012-04 -0.98
2012-05 -0.98
2012-06 -0.77
2012-07 -0.93
2012-08 -0.82
2012-09 -0.77
2012-10 -0.57
2012-11 -0.45
2012-12 -0.83
2013-01 -0.82
2013-02 -0.84
2013-03 -0.98
2013-04 -0.84
2013-05 -0.72
2013-06 -0.77
2013-07 -0.86
2013-08 -0.47
2013-09 0.38
2013-10 0.34
2013-11 -0.77
2013-12 -0.94
2014-01 -0.91
2014-02 -0.97
2014-03 -0.62
2014-04 -0.78
2014-05 -0.58
2014-06 -0.87
2014-07 -0.93
2014-08 -0.91
2014-09 -0.96
2014-10 -0.96
2014-11 -0.61
2014-12 -0.78
2015-01 -0.95
2015-02 -0.54
2015-03 -0.85
2015-04 -0.79
2015-05 -0.66
2015-06 0.55
2015-07 0.13
2015-08 0.77
2015-09 0.77
2015-10 0.42
2015-11 0.46
2015-12 0.37
2016-01 0.63
2016-02 -0.15
2016-03 -0.16
2016-04 0.61
2016-05 0.65
2016-06 -0.11
2016-07 0.71
2016-08 0.91
2016-09 0.95
2016-10 0.98
2016-11 0.97
2016-12 0.87
2017-01 0.91
2017-02 0.93
2017-03 0.98
2017-04 0.92
2017-05 0.97
2017-06 0.99
2017-07 0.99
2017-08 0.63
2017-09 0.74
2017-10 0.84
2017-11 0.94
2017-12 0.97
2018-01 0.46
2018-02 0.08
2018-03 0.36
2018-04 0.44
2018-05 0.43
2018-06 -0.33
2018-07 -0.52
2018-08 -0.52
2018-09 -0.01
2018-10 0.11
2018-11 0.53
2018-12 0.58
2019-01 0.59
2019-02 0.86

Turning-point indicator

Increasing production bottlenecks

In February 2019, the production capacity utilisation rate is virtually stable after having increased sharply in the previous month. At 91.2%, it stands above its long-term average (88.5%), as since October 2017. At the same time, 43% of business managers have reported production bottlenecks, against one out of three on long-term average. This share has increased since December 2018 and has reached its highest level since October 2008. In particular, the share of production bottlenecks due to workforce shortage has kept growing. It has increased again in February 2019 and has reached 25%, its highest level since September 2008.

Production capacity utilisation rate

Production capacity utilisation rate
Production capacity utilisation rate
1998-01 86.8
1998-02 86.8
1998-03 87.1
1998-04 87.2
1998-05 87.3
1998-06 87.4
1998-07 87.8
1998-08 87.8
1998-09 87.5
1998-10 85.7
1998-11 86.6
1998-12 87.1
1999-01 86.7
1999-02 87.7
1999-03 88.4
1999-04 88.4
1999-05 88.9
1999-06 88.8
1999-07 87.9
1999-08 88.6
1999-09 88.9
1999-10 89.1
1999-11 89.6
1999-12 90.4
2000-01 90.7
2000-02 90.9
2000-03 90.6
2000-04 91.3
2000-05 92.0
2000-06 93.7
2000-07 92.3
2000-08 93.2
2000-09 93.9
2000-10 94.2
2000-11 94.3
2000-12 94.0
2001-01 93.6
2001-02 93.7
2001-03 93.9
2001-04 93.7
2001-05 93.1
2001-06 93.1
2001-07 91.9
2001-08 92.2
2001-09 92.1
2001-10 93.1
2001-11 92.2
2001-12 92.2
2002-01 92.2
2002-02 91.9
2002-03 92.8
2002-04 92.7
2002-05 92.4
2002-06 92.4
2002-07 92.6
2002-08 92.4
2002-09 92.0
2002-10 91.8
2002-11 91.4
2002-12 91.4
2003-01 91.5
2003-02 91.3
2003-03 90.8
2003-04 90.9
2003-05 91.1
2003-06 90.7
2003-07 91.3
2003-08 91.3
2003-09 91.1
2003-10 91.1
2003-11 91.5
2003-12 91.3
2004-01 91.6
2004-02 91.7
2004-03 91.3
2004-04 91.3
2004-05 91.3
2004-06 91.4
2004-07 91.5
2004-08 91.7
2004-09 91.8
2004-10 91.8
2004-11 91.7
2004-12 91.8
2005-01 91.8
2005-02 91.8
2005-03 92.0
2005-04 91.8
2005-05 92.3
2005-06 92.4
2005-07 92.1
2005-08 92.1
2005-09 92.2
2005-10 92.5
2005-11 92.8
2005-12 92.5
2006-01 92.5
2006-02 92.3
2006-03 92.4
2006-04 92.4
2006-05 92.6
2006-06 92.9
2006-07 93.5
2006-08 93.6
2006-09 93.7
2006-10 93.7
2006-11 93.5
2006-12 93.6
2007-01 93.6
2007-02 93.7
2007-03 93.9
2007-04 93.9
2007-05 94.1
2007-06 94.0
2007-07 94.1
2007-08 93.9
2007-09 93.8
2007-10 93.9
2007-11 94.3
2007-12 94.4
2008-01 93.8
2008-02 94.3
2008-03 94.1
2008-04 93.8
2008-05 93.4
2008-06 93.3
2008-07 92.8
2008-08 92.8
2008-09 91.4
2008-10 91.2
2008-11 90.8
2008-12 88.8
2009-01 88.6
2009-02 84.1
2009-03 86.0
2009-04 88.1
2009-05 87.5
2009-06 87.5
2009-07 87.1
2009-08 87.4
2009-09 87.6
2009-10 87.3
2009-11 86.8
2009-12 85.3
2010-01 86.3
2010-02 86.4
2010-03 85.8
2010-04 85.5
2010-05 85.4
2010-06 86.4
2010-07 86.2
2010-08 86.4
2010-09 85.0
2010-10 85.7
2010-11 86.2
2010-12 87.3
2011-01 87.1
2011-02 87.3
2011-03 87.4
2011-04 87.8
2011-05 87.8
2011-06 87.6
2011-07 87.7
2011-08 87.4
2011-09 87.9
2011-10 88.4
2011-11 88.5
2011-12 88.3
2012-01 88.4
2012-02 88.2
2012-03 88.2
2012-04 88.1
2012-05 88.2
2012-06 87.9
2012-07 87.9
2012-08 87.5
2012-09 86.8
2012-10 85.7
2012-11 86.3
2012-12 86.2
2013-01 86.7
2013-02 86.6
2013-03 85.8
2013-04 85.7
2013-05 85.8
2013-06 85.9
2013-07 85.8
2013-08 86.0
2013-09 86.5
2013-10 86.0
2013-11 85.8
2013-12 86.9
2014-01 86.2
2014-02 86.1
2014-03 86.1
2014-04 86.0
2014-05 85.5
2014-06 85.2
2014-07 84.9
2014-08 85.1
2014-09 85.0
2014-10 84.7
2014-11 84.5
2014-12 84.5
2015-01 84.0
2015-02 84.0
2015-03 84.0
2015-04 83.8
2015-05 84.0
2015-06 84.5
2015-07 84.6
2015-08 84.4
2015-09 84.4
2015-10 84.7
2015-11 84.8
2015-12 84.8
2016-01 85.1
2016-02 85.7
2016-03 85.4
2016-04 85.5
2016-05 85.7
2016-06 85.8
2016-07 86.1
2016-08 87.0
2016-09 86.6
2016-10 86.7
2016-11 87.0
2016-12 87.0
2017-01 87.1
2017-02 87.4
2017-03 87.5
2017-04 87.7
2017-05 87.9
2017-06 87.9
2017-07 88.2
2017-08 88.2
2017-09 88.1
2017-10 88.7
2017-11 89.2
2017-12 89.8
2018-01 89.5
2018-02 89.4
2018-03 89.3
2018-04 89.6
2018-05 89.8
2018-06 90.2
2018-07 90.0
2018-08 90.2
2018-09 90.4
2018-10 90.2
2018-11 90.0
2018-12 90.4
2019-01 91.1
2019-02 91.2

Production capacity utilisation rate

Prices more often expected to rise than on average

In February 2019, as many business managers as in January have announced that they will increase their prices over the next three months. The corresponding balance is stable at its highest level since August 2008, well above its long-term average.

Encadré

For further information

A balance of opinion is calculated as the difference between the percentage of “increase” responses and the percentage of “decrease” responses.

Additional information (simplified and detailed methodology, nomenclature, etc.) is available on the “Documentation” tab of the web page of this publication.

Next issue: 26 March 2019 at 8:45 am

A balance of opinion is calculated as the difference between the percentage of “increase” responses and the percentage of “decrease” responses.

Additional information (simplified and detailed methodology, nomenclature, etc.) is available on the “Documentation” tab of the web page of this publication.

Next issue: 26 March 2019 at 8:45 am


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