Insee conjoncture

In Q1 2018, payroll employment slowed down in the private business sector and stabilized in public servicePayroll employment - first quarter 2018

In Q1 2018, net payroll job creation reached 48,800, that is an increase of +0.2% after an increase of +0.4% in the previous quarter. Almost stable in the public sector, payroll employment increased by 47,700 in the private sector. Year on year, it rose by 288,200 net jobs (+1.2%): 301,200 jobs were created in the private sector and 13,000 jobs were destroyed in the public service.

Informations rapides N° 151
No 151
Principaux indicateurs
Paru le : 12/06/2018
Prochaine parution le : 11/12/2018 at 07:30 - third quarter 2018

Warning: The introduction of the “Déclaration Sociale Nominative” (DSN) to replace the “bordereau récapitulatif de cotisations” (BRC) may affect transitorily the declarative behavior of businesses. During the ramp-up phase of the DSN, adjustments are made in the statistical processing chain of employment estimates to reflect these changes. These changes are likely to generate more revisions than usual to data.

Payroll employment slowed down in Q1 2018

In Q1 2018, net payroll job creation reached 48,800, that is an increase of +0.2% after an increase of +0.4% in the previous quarter. Almost stable in the public sector, payroll employment increased by 47,700 in the private sector. Year on year, it rose by 288,200 net jobs (+1.2%): 301,200 jobs were created in the private sector and 13,000 jobs were destroyed in the public service.

Payroll employment was almost stable in industry and slowed down in construction

Payroll employment stabilized in industry in Q1 2018 (that is 0.0%, after +0.2%), showing nonetheless a year on year increase (+5,600).

The growth of payroll employment in construction continued, but at a slower pace than in the previous quarter : +3,600 (that is +0.3%), after +12,100 in the previous quarter (that is +0.9%). Year on year, the increase reached +25,600 jobs (that is +1.9%).

Payroll employment slowed down sharply in market service, especially in temporary work

In Q1 2018, payroll employment increased by 39,100, that is +0.3%, after +0.8% in the previous quarter. Year on year, the market service sector as a whole supported the large majority of net jobs creations of payroll employment: +252,500, that is +2.1%.

Temporary employment slowed down sharply in Q1 2018: it rose by 4,500 jobs i.e. +0.5% after +4.9% in Q4 2017. Over a year, it increased very sharply: +90,200, that is +12.4%. Employment in services excluding temporary work increased steadily again in Q1 2018: +34,600 jobs (i.e. +0.3 %, after +0.5%). Over a year, the market service sector excluding temporary work expanded by 162,300 jobs (+1.4%).

Tableau1 – Payroll employment change: thousands

SA data in thousands
Payroll employment change: thousands
Change in 3 months Change in 1 year Level
2017 2018 2018 2018
Q4 Q1 Q1 Q1
Agriculture 1.5 3.0 3.3 306.6
Goods-producing industries excl. Construction 7.0 -0.8 5.6 3,144.7
of which : Manufacturing 6.8 -0.7 6.5 2,779.2
Construction 12.1 3.6 25.6 1,361.9
Market services (*) 91.5 39.1 252.5 12,295.8
of which : Temporary employment (**) 38.0 4.5 90.2 818.0
Non-market services -4.9 3.9 1.2 8,063.1
Total (*) 107.3 48.8 288.2 25,172.1
Private sector (*) 114.8 47.7 301.2 19,378.4
Public service -7.5 1.1 –13.0 5,793.7
  • How to read it: In Q1 2018, net job creation in market services amounted to 39,100 jobs from the previous quarter

Tableau2 – Payroll employment change: percentage

SA data in %
Payroll employment change: percentage
Change in 3 months Change in 1 year
2017 2018 2018
Q4 Q1 Q1
Agriculture 0.5 1.0 1.1
Goods-producing industries excl. Construction 0.2 0.0 0.2
of which : Manufacturing 0.2 0.0 0.2
Construction 0.9 0.3 1.9
Market services 0.8 0.3 2.1
of which : Temporary employment (*) 4.9 0.5 12.4
Non-market services -0.1 0.0 0.0
Total 0.4 0.2 1.2
Private sector 0.6 0.2 1.6
Public service -0.1 0.0 -0.2
  • (*) Temporary workers are recorded in services, regardless of the sector in which they carry out their mission effectively.
  • Scope: France excluding Mayotte
  • Source: Acoss-Urssaf, Dares, INSEE

Employment stabilized in public service

Employment in mainly non-market services slightly increased in Q1 2018: 3,900, after −4,900 in the previous quarter. This slight upturn was mainly due to the public service almost stabilizing (+1,100 jobs) after two quarters of decline (-7,500 in the last quarter of 2017). Over a year, mainly non-market services almost stabilized (+1,200 of which +14,900 in the private sector and −13 700 in public service).

Revisions

Compared to the employment estimate published on 13 March 2018, net job creation of Q4 2017 has been revised upwards by 34,600, from +0.3% to +0.4%, mainly due to temporary employment which was revised up by +22,600. The methodological improvements brought to the delineation of the field of temporary employment led to slightly increase levels over the long term, without any noticeable effect on evolutions before 2016.

Compared to the flash estimate focused on the private sector published on 15 May 2018, net job creation in Q1 2018 has been revised downwards by 10,200, especially due to the market services.

graphique – Variation in payroll employment

  • Scope : France excluding Mayotte.
  • Sources: Acoss-Urssaf, Dares, INSEE

Tableau3 – Payroll employment change

SA data in thousands
Payroll employment change
Code Change in Change in Niveau
3 months 1 year
Naf 2017 2018 2018 2018
rev.2 Q4 Q1 Q1 Q1
AZ Agriculture 1.5 3.0 3.3 306.6
DE Electricity, water supply, waste management 0.2 -0.2 -0.9 365.5
C1 Manufacture of food products beverage 2.2 0.9 5.7 577.2
C2 Manufacture of coke, and refined petroleum products 0,0 -0.1 -0.2 9.2
C3 Manufacture of computer, electronic and electrical products 1.2 -0.3 0.4 418.9
C4 Manufacture of transport equipment 0.5 0.0 0.6 345.6
C5 Other manufacturing 3.0 -1.2 0.1 1,428.3
FZ Construction 12.1 3.6 25.6 1,361.9
GZ Wholesale and retail trade 8.6 5.5 28.0 3,147.5
HZ Transportation and storage 6.5 4.2 12.1 1,391.3
IZ Accommodation and food service activities 8.9 12.9 38.3 1,094.3
JZ Information and communication 7.8 7.2 23.2 772.6
KZ Financial and insurance activities 0.5 -0.9 -0.3 872.1
LZ Real estate activities 0.1 -0.6 -1.6 241.0
MN Professional, scientific and technical activities 62.9 14.4 161.0 3,455.6
of which : Temporary employment 38.0 4.5 90.2 818.0
OQ Public administration and defence -4.9 3.9 1.2 8,063.1
RU Other service activities -3.8 -3.6 -8.2 1,321.3
  • Scope: France excluding Mayotte.
  • Source: Acoss-Urssaf, Dares, INSEE

Tableau4 – Revisions of payroll employment in Q4 2017 and Q1 2018

SA data in thousands
Revisions of payroll employment in Q4 2017 and Q1 2018
Change in 3 months
T4 2017 payroll employment T1 2018 private sector only
New estimation Rev. vs. 13/03/2018 New estimation Rev. vs. flash estimate
Agriculture 1.5 0.5 2.9 0.9
Goods-producing industries 7.0 0.6 -0.7 3.5
Construction 12.1 -1.1 3.6 -4.3
Market services 91.5 31.8 38.7 -16.6
of which : Temporary work employment (*) 38.0 22.6 4.5 1.9
Non-market services -4.9 2.8 3.1 6.1
Total 107.3 34.6 47.7 -10.2
Private sector 114.8 32.5
Public service -7.5 2.1
  • Scope: France excluding Mayotte
  • Sources: Acoss-Urssaf, Dares, INSEE