In April 2017, services output fell back (−0.9%)Index of services production - April 2017

In April 2017, output fell back in services (−0.9% after +1.1% in March). However, it rose sharply over a year.

The commentary shows variations of subsections by decreasing contribution to the overall variation. The contribution of a subsection depends on the extent of the change and on its weight.

In April 2017, output fell back in services (−0.9% after +1.1% in March). However, it rose sharply over a year.

Services output rose slightly over the last three months

Over the last three months, services production increased by 0.4% compared to the previous three months.

It grew markedly in information and communication (+2.6%) and accomodation and food services activities (+2.3%). It rose also in household services (+1.5%), particularly in arts, entertainment and recreation (+2.9%). By contrast, it shrank sharply in real estate activities (−2.2%). It went down slightly in business support (−0,2%) and moderately in transportation and storage (−0.5%).

Output grew sharply over a year

In services, output of the last three months rose sharply over a year (+3.4%), with an increase in all sectors.

It went up strongly in business support (+4.0%), be it in administrative and business service activities (+5.2%) or in specialised, scientific and technical activities (+2.9%). It grew strongly in information and communication (+4.5%), real estate activities (+3.0%), and food and beverage services activities (+4.3%). It increased more moderately in transportation and storage (+1.5%) and in household services (+1.3%).

Graph1 – Index of services production

  • Sources: DGFiP, INSEE

Table1 – Variation in the services production

2010 based, SA-WDA
Variation in the services production
Change in %
Nace classification Weight (1) April/ March March/ Feb. q-o-q (2) y-o-y (3)
Index of services production 10,000 −0.9 1.1 0.4 3.4
H Transportation and storage 1,601 −0.4 0.5 −0.5 1.5
I Accomodation and food service activities 926 −0.3 0.4 2.3 4.3
J Information and communication 1,745 −1.4 2.3 2.6 4.5
L Real estate activities 1,064 −0.6 −0.3 −2.2 3.0
M+N Business support 4,020 −1.4 1.9 −0.2 4.0
M Specialised, scientific and technical activities 2,210 −2.1 2.0 −0.3 2.9
N Administrative and business service activities 1,810 −0.5 1.8 −0.1 5.2
R+S Household services 644 0.6 −2.9 1.5 1.3
  • (1) Weight (10 000 = H…S excepting K, O, P, Q)
  • (2) Quarter-on-quarter: last three months / previous three months
  • (3) Year-on-year: last three months / same three months of previous year
  • Downturn in business support
  • Sources: DGFiP, INSEE

In April 2017, output in business support activities fell back (−1.4% after +1.9% in March).

It shrank significantly in specialised, scientific and technical activities (−2.1% after +2.0%), particularly in architecture and engineering activities (−7.7%) and in legal and accounting activities (−4.1%). By contrast, it grew again in activities of head offices and management consultancy (+1.9%).

Output fell back more moderately in administrative and business support activities (−0.5% after +1.8%), notably in security and investigation (−3.9%) and in other administrative and business support activities (−0.9%). Conversely, it increased again in employment activities (+1.1%).

Fall in information and communication

After three consecutive months of increase, output in information and communication fell back in April (−1.4% after +2.3%), weighed down by a significant backlash in computer programming, consultancy and related activities (−4.1% after +5.9%).

Slight drop in transportation and storage

In April, output in transportation and storage fell back slightly (−0.4% after +0.5% in March). It shrank markedly in land transport (−3.4% after +1.1%).

Slight fall in accomodation and food service activities

In April, output decreased slightly in accomodation and food services (−0.3% after +0.4% in March). It declined in food and beverage service activities (−0.5%) but rose slightly in accomodation (+0.4%).

Rebound in household services

Output in household services recovered in April (+0.6%) after a marked fall in March (−2.9%). It bounced back in arts, entertainment and recreation (+2.7% after −5.1%) but dropped again in personal services (−1.6%).

Revisions

The month-on-month variation rate of the index of services production in March 2017 has been revised upwards by 0.1 points, mainly due to raw series updating. Initially published at +1.0%, it has been stated at +1.1%.

Table2 – Variation in the services production

2010 based, SA-WDA
Variation in the services production
Changes in %
Weight * Apr. 17 Apr./ Mar. Mar./ Feb. q-o-q (1)
Index of services production 10,000 119.3 −0.9 1.1 0.4
H transportation and storage 1,601 110.7 −0.4 0.5 −0.5
49 Land transport… 686 112.5 −3.4 1.1 0.1
50 Water transport 63 219.8 27.2 −16.0 12.4
51 Air transport 129 94.3 −1.7 1.3 −8.9
52 Warehousing and support for transportation 563 111.1 −0.5 3.4 −0.5
53 Postal and courier activities 161 72.3 −2.8 −1.2 −5.9
I Accomodation and food service activities 926 118.3 −0.3 0.4 2.3
55 Accomodation 211 111.1 0.4 0.1 2.6
56 Food and beverage service activities 715 120.5 −0.5 0.5 2.2
J Information-communication 1,745 130.7 −1.4 2.3 2.6
58 Publishing activities 220 106.7 4.0 2.1 2.6
59 Motion picture, sound recording, music publishing 124 120.1 3.0 −0.7 1.8
60 Programming and broadcasting activities 68 126.9 0.4 2.5 0.0
61 Telecommunications 558 134.1 −0.7 −0.9 2.7
62 Computer programming... 683 135.6 −4.1 5.9 2.7
63 Information services 92 148.4 −0.7 0.0 3.5
L Real estate activities 1,064 105.8 −0.6 −0.3 −2.2
M Specialised, scientific and technical activities 2,210 117.3 −2.1 2.0 −0.3
69 Legal and accounting activities 496 115.3 −4.1 2.3 0.0
70 Activities of head offices and management consultancy 665 122.5 1.9 2.2 −1.4
71 Architecture and engineering activities 465 113.5 −7.7 2.1 −1.8
72 Scientific research and development 313 103.9 −0.7 4.9 2.5
73 Advertising and market research 171 113.6 0.9 0.7 −0.5
74 Other professional, scientific and technical activities 71 170.9 −2.9 −4.8 5.5
75 Veterinary activities 29 127.9 0.4 1.0 1.4
N Administrative and business service activities 1,810 126.3 −0.5 1.8 −0.1
77 Rental and leasing activities 545 123.7 −0.6 2.5 −1.8
78 Employment activities 512 134.4 1.1 1.2 2.2
79 Travel agency, tour operator 45 103.6 −5.0 −3.4 −3.2
80 Security and investigation 109 120.1 −3.9 1.2 −1.4
81 Services to building and landscape anctivities 248 121.3 −1.0 1.6 0.3
82 Other administrative and business support activities 351 127.0 −0.9 2.6 −0.6
R Arts, entertainment and recreation 306 132.3 2.7 −5.1 2.9
S Other personal services 338 110.5 −1.6 −0.5 0.1
  • *Weight (10 000 = H…S excepting K, O, P, Q)
  • (1) Quarter-on-quarter: last three months / previous three months
  • Sources: DGFiP, INSEE

Table3 – Revision of variations

in percentage points
Revision of variations
Mar. / Feb. Feb. / Jan. Jan. / Dec. Q4 2016 / Q3 2016 2016 / 2015
Services production 0.11 0.08 −0.02 0.01 0.02
Raw series 0.07 −0.03 0.01 0.08 0.02
SA-WDA parameters 0.04 0.11 −0.03 −0.07 0.00
  • How to read: in the services industries, the SA-WDA variation in output between February 2017 and March 2017 is revised by +0.11 points: +0.07 points due to the revisions of raw data and +0.04 points due to the update of SA-WDA parameters
  • Sources: DGFiP, INSEE