Downturn in business start-ups in December 2016Enterprises births - December 2016

In December 2016, the number of business births for all entreprises fell back after a rebound in November (−3.0% after +4.5%, seasonally and working-day adjusted). Start-ups excluding self-managed micro-entrepreneurs diminished (−2.7%) as well as micro-entrepreneurs' registrations (−3.4%).

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Informations rapides – No 12
Paru le : 01/13/2017
Prochaine parution le : 04/13/2017 at 08:45 - March 2017

In December 2016, the number of business births for all entreprises fell back after a rebound in November (−3.0% after +4.5%, seasonally and working-day adjusted). Start-ups excluding self-managed micro-entrepreneurs diminished (−2.7%) as well as micro-entrepreneurs' registrations (−3.4%).

Graph1 – Business start-ups (sa-wda *)

  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data
  • Source: INSEE (Sirene)

Table1 – Business set-ups by month (sa-wda *)

Business set-ups by month (sa-wda *)
Sept. 2016 Oct. 2016 Nov. 2016 Dec. 2016
Excl. self-managed micro-entrepreneurs 28,908 27,404 28,579 27,798
Variation [m-o-m] % 3.2 -5.2 4.3 -2.7
Incl. self-managed micro-entrepreneurs 47,311 45,582 47,617 46,181
Variation [m-o-m] % 2.8 -3.7 4.5 -3.0
  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data
  • Source: INSEE (Sirene)

+2.0% year-on-year (quaterly basis)

The raw amount of births added up in the fourth quarter increased compared to the same period one year before (+2.0%). This rise was the result of company births (+5.0%) and sole proprietorship start-ups excluding self-managed micro-entrepreneurs (+3.0%). Micro-entrepreneurs' registrations went down (−1.0%). Transportation and business support activities remained the sectors that contributed the most to the overall rise1.

Table2 – Business start-ups by type

Raw data
Business start-ups by type
Moving total % change * Moving total Moving total
over 3 months over 12 months over the year 2016 over the year 2015
Total 2.0 5.5 554,031 525,091
Companies 5.0 9.8 188,843 171,998
Sole proprietorships (SP) 0.5 3.4 365,188 353,093
SP excluding self-managed micro-entrepreneurs 3.0 9.9 142,396 129,624
Self-managed micro-entrepreneurs -1.0 -0.3 222,792 223,469
  • * Total of business start-ups during the last 3 or 12 months compared with the same months a year earlier
  • Source: INSEE (Sirene)

+5.5% over 2016 as a whole

The raw number of business start-ups totted up during the last twelve months kept rising (+5.5% year-on-year after +5.7% in November and +4.7% in October). This dynamism was due to the surge in births of sole proprietorships excluding self-managed micro-entrepreneurs (+9.9%) and of companies (+9.8%). On the other hand self-managed micro-entrepreneurs' registrations decreased slightly (−0.3% after −1.4% in November and −4.3% in October).

Two business set-ups out of five are self-managed micro-entrepreneurs' registrations

In December 2016, micro–entrepreneurs' registrations amounted to 40.2% of the businesses set up over the twelve last months. One year before, the share was 42.2%.

Table0 – Business set-ups distribution by type

% over the twelve last months (raw data)
Business set-ups distribution by type
Oct. 2016 Nov. 2016 Dec. 2016
Companies 33.9 34.0 34.1
Sole proprietorships excluding self-managed micro-entrepreneurs 25.7 25.7 25.7
Self-managed micro-entrepreneurs 40.4 40.3 40.2
  • Source: INSEE (Sirene)

1 The contribution of a sector to the overall variation is the observed variation of this sector, weighted by the share of this sector in the total number of births.

Revisions

The variation in the overall number of business births in November 2016 has been raised by 0.1 points to +4.5% due to the update of the SA parameters and the revision of raw data.

Business set-ups by economic activity

Graph2 – Trade and business support activities start-ups (sa-wda *)

  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data
  • Source: INSEE (Sirene)

Graph3 – Construction and transportation business set-ups (sa-wda *)

  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data
  • Source: INSEE (Sirene)

Table3 – Number of business set-ups (incl. self-managed micro-enterprises)

sa-wda *
Number of business set-ups (incl. self-managed micro-enterprises)
NA Oct. 2016 Nov. 2016 Dec. 2016
Total 45,582 47,617 46,181
Industry BE 2,014 2,088 2,090
Of which Manufacturing C 1,714 1,801 1,746
Construction FZ 4,890 4,904 4,930
Wholesale and retail trade, Transport, Accommodation and Food and beverage activities GI 13,493 13,917 13,941
Trade G 7,770 8,246 7,988
Transportation and storage H 2,879 2,915 2,858
Accommodation and food service activities I 2,627 2,707 2,759
Information and communication JZ 2,192 2,317 2,229
Financial and insurance activities KZ 1,388 1,340 1,306
Real estate activities LZ 1,596 1,673 1,527
Business support activities MN 10,200 11,145 10,295
Public administration and defence, education, human health and social work activities OQ 5,855 6,044 5,855
Other services activities RS 3,954 4,190 4,009
  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data
  • Source: INSEE (Sirene)

Table4 – Fluctuation in the number of business set-ups (incl. self-managed micro-entrepreneurs)

In %
Fluctuation in the number of business set-ups (incl. self-managed micro-entrepreneurs)
NA Dec. 16 / Nov. 16 Moving total % change**
sa-wda * over 3 months over 12 months
Total -3.0 2.0 5.5
Industry BE 0.1 0.7 1.9
Of which Manufacturing C -3.0 -3.5 1.7
Construction FZ 0.5 -6.6 -3.5
Wholesale and retail trade, Transport, Accommodation and Food and beverage activities GI 0.2 3.6 9.3
Trade G -3.1 -4.2 -0.7
Transportation and storage H -2.0 23.5 55.6
Accommodation and food service activities I 1.9 9.2 8.5
Information and communication JZ -3.8 2.5 7.6
Financial and insurance activities KZ -2.6 3.0 2.5
Real estate activities LZ -8.7 2.7 10.4
Business support activities MN -7.6 3.7 8.4
Public administration and defence, education, human health and social work activities OQ -3.1 5.4 4.9
Other services activities RS -4.3 -1.8 -0.1
  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data
  • ** Total of business start-ups during the last 3 or 12 months compared with the same months a year earlier
  • Source: INSEE (Sirene)