Enterprises in France2016 Edition
The aim of Enterprises in France, part of the “Insee Références” collection, is to provide as comprehensive an overview as possible of our productive system.
One in two enterprises invests, one in ten exports
In 2014, the value added of the mainly market non-farm and non-financial sectors stood at 974 billion euros, or 51% of the value added of the whole of the French economy. With value added stable and wages up in 2014, the margin rate stagnated (– 0.3 points) mainly due to a drop in social contributions. As in the previous two years, turnover and value added grew more strongly for enterprises with 10 or more employees than for the smallest enterprises.
In 2014, investment by the mainly market sectors stood at 175 billion euros (+1.4%). Investment level varied considerably according to the enterprise. For half of enterprises with 250 employees or more, it came to more than 2 million euros. Conversely, fewer than a third of units with no employees invested and for half of them, their investment was less than 2,700 euros. Export turnover reached 608 billion euros (+1.5%). Two sectors produced 80% of this: industry (341 billion euros) and trade (145 billion euros). The bulk of exports are concentrated in just a few enterprises: the top 50 carry out 34%, the top 500 carry out 60% and the top 5,000 carry out 86%.