Enterprises in France2016 Edition
The aim of Enterprises in France, part of the “Insee Références” collection, is to provide as comprehensive an overview as possible of our productive system.
Service functions in manufacturing industry: they account for half of direct employment
In France, more than half of direct payroll employment in industrial enterprises is devoted to service functions: commercial and administrative services, installation-maintenance, quality control, logistics and industrial research and development (R&D). The proportion increases with the size of the enterprise, especially for R&D and quality control. Computer services, transportation and services related to premises (especially cleaning and security) are most often outsourced.
Industrial R&D is concentrated in a small number of enterprises, while administrative and commercial functions are for the most part more scattered. R&D, computer technology services and services related to premises are grouped together in a small number of establishments. R&D is more often located at the heart of industrial establishments than commercial services or even logistics.