Employment and income of self-employed workers2015 Edition
This issue of the “Insee Références” collection offers a new look at self-employed workers, a category united by the absence of a subordination relationship.
Self-employed persons in cultural activities
At the end of 2011, 131,000 self-employed persons were working in artistic creation and its dissemination in the broadcasting and multimedia industries, architecture, amateur arts education or advertising agencies. In these cultural sectors, over a quarter of the working population who had employment were self-employed: this was almost three times more than in the whole of the employed working population. Self-employed workers were more likely than the average worker to be female, younger and living in Paris. An increasing proportion of these workers were auto-entrepreneurs, reflecting the growing interest in these activities with the creation of the auto-entrepreneur scheme. "Conventional" self-employed workers (excluding auto-entrepreneurs) earned 2,360 euros net per month on average from their self-employed activity in 2011. This average ranged from just over 1,000 euros in amateur arts education and visual arts, to 3,740 euros in architecture. It masks a wide disparity of situations within these sectors. An auto-entrepreneur earned 430 euros a month in income on average. Among “conventional” self-employed workers, women had 40% lower incomes on average than their male counterparts. Self-employed workers in cultural industries, including auto-entrepreneurs, frequently combined a self-employed activity and employment; they had salaried employment which was usually different to the culture industry, and most of their overall activity income was from this employment.