Increase in business start-ups in March 2015Enterprise births - March 2015

In March 2015, the number of business start-ups rose compared to February: by 1.8% for all enterprises and 1.3% when excluding self-managed micro-entrepreneurs, seasonally and working-day adjusted (sa-wda).

Informations rapides
No 87
Paru le : 16/04/2015
Prochaine parution le : 14/12/2017 at 08:45 - November 2017

Warning: Since December 19, 2014, new provisions defined by the Pinel law of 18 June 2014 apply to self-managed enterprises, now called micro-entrepreneurs instead of “auto-entrepreneurs”. This new denomination is used from December 2014 business start-ups data onward.

This status must be distinguished from both simplified tax scheme (sometimes called tax regime of micro-enterprise) and category of microenterprises defined under Article 51 of the law on the modernization of the economy (LME) and specified by Decree No. 2008-1354.

In March 2015, the number of business start-ups rose compared to February: by 1.8% for all enterprises and 1.3% when excluding self-managed micro-entrepreneurs, seasonally and working-day adjusted (sa-wda).

-4.6% year-on-year (quarterly basis)

The raw amount of births added up in the first quarter 2015 went down compared to the same quarter one year before (-4.6% for all enterprises and -15.9% for self-managed micro-entrepreneurs alone).

The sectors that most contributed1 to that decrease were construction and retail.

+0.7% year-on-year (twelve months basis)

During the last twelve months, the raw number of business start-ups increased (+0.7% year-on-year). This rise in companies start-ups (+3.5%) is partly balanced by the decrease in sole proprietorships creations (-0.5% in one year).

Nearly half of business set-ups are self–managed micro-entrepreneurs

In March 2015, 49.9% of business set-ups over the last twelve months were micro–entrepreneurs.

tab0EN – Business set-ups distribution by type %

Raw data moving total over 12 months
Business set-ups distribution by type %
Jan. 2015 Feb. 2015 March 2015
Companies 30.3 30.4 30.5
Sole proprietorships excluding self-managed micro-entrepreneurs 18.7 19.1 19.6
Self-managed micro-entrepreneurs 51.0 50.5 49.9
  • Source: INSEE (Sirene)

tab1EN – Business set-ups by month (sa-wda *)

Business set-ups by month (sa-wda *)
Dec. 2014 Jan. 2015 Feb. 2015 March 2015
Excl. self-managed micro-entrepreneurs 22,841 23,445 24,013 24,321
Variation [m-o-m] % 1.6 2.6 2.4 1.3
Incl., self-managed micro-entrepreneurs 46,731 42,988 43,783 44,557
Variation [m-o-m] % 1.3 -8.0 1.8 1.8
  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data
  • Source: INSEE (Sirene)

tab2EN – Business start-ups by type

Raw data
Business start-ups by type
Moving total % change* Moving total Moving total
over 3 months over 12 months January- March 2015 January- March 2014
Total -4.6 0.7 143,019 149,914
Companies 0.4 3.5 44,816 44,638
Sole proprietorships -6.7 -0.5 98,203 105,276
Of which self-managed micro-entrepreneurs -15.9 -1.4 63,401 75,428
  • * Total of business start-ups during the last 3 or 12 months compared with the same months a year earlier
  • Source: INSEE (Sirene)

Graph1EN – Business start-ups (sa-wda *)

  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data
  • Source: INSEE (Sirene)

(1) The contribution of a sector to the overall variation is the observed variation of this sector, weighted by the share of this sector in the total number of births.

Graph2EN – Trade and business support activities start-ups (sa-wda *)

  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data
  • Source: INSEE, Sirene

Graph3EN – Construction and real estate business set-ups (sa-wda *)

  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data

tab3EN – Business set-ups (Incl., self-managed micro-enterprises)

sa-wda *
Business set-ups (Incl., self-managed micro-enterprises)
NA Jan. 2015 Feb. 2015 March 2015
Total 42,988 43,783 44,557
Industry BE 2,106 2,190 2,018
Of which Manufacturing C 1,802 1,841 1,743
Construction FZ 5,561 5,402 5,557
Wholesale and retail trade, Transport, Accommodation and Food and beverage service activities GI 11,415 12,047 12,731
Of which Trade G 8,122 8,367 8,373
Of which Transportation and storage H 1,095 1,225 2,064
Of which Accommodation and food service activities I 2,349 2,416 2,362
Information and communication JZ 2,186 2,225 2,217
Financial and insurance activities KZ 1,227 1,299 1,405
Real estate activities LZ 1,333 1,317 1,340
Business support activities MN 9,457 9,545 9,616
Public administration and defence, education, human health and social work activities OQ 5,495 5,451 5,466
Other services activities RS 4,210 4,308 4,208
  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data

tab3bisEN – Fluctuation in the number of business set-ups (Incl., self-managed micro-entrepreneurs)

In %
Fluctuation in the number of business set-ups (Incl., self-managed micro-entrepreneurs)
NA March 15 / Feb. 15 Moving total % change**
sa-wda * over 3 months over 12 months
Total 1.8 -4.6 0.7
Industry BE -7.9 -14.9 -1.6
Of which Manufacturing C -5.3 -16.1 0.0
Construction FZ 2.9 -17.9 -8.9
Wholesale and retail trade, Transport, Accommodation and Food and beverage service activities GI 5.7 -3.0 1.8
Of which Trade G 0.1 -8.3 -3.8
Of which Transportation and storage H 68.6 33.1 38.1
Of which Accommodation and food service activities I -2.3 1.3 9.0
Information and communication JZ -0.3 1.6 1.1
Financial and insurance activities KZ 8.2 15.5 11.5
Real estate activities LZ 1.7 -4.3 -0.6
Business support activities MN 0.7 -1.6 3.4
Public administration and defence, education, human health and social work activities OQ 0.3 5.8 7.1
Other services activities RS -2.3 -8.1 -2.7
  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data
  • ** Total of business start-ups during the last 3 or 12 months compared with the same months a year earlier