Économie et Statistique n° 423 - 2009 Cultural and Sports Participation in France: Choices, Diversity, and Accumulation - Occupational Mobility and Life Cycle - Industry Concentration Patterns in the European Union: does the East Mirror the West?
Cultural and Sports Participation in France: Choices, Diversity, and Accumulation
The French 2003 continuous survey of household living conditions includes a “cultural and sports participation” module that covers radio and television consumption, reading, “cultural” outings (such as cinema, theatre, and concerts), amateur activities (drawing, music, singing, writing, and so on), and sports, but also hunting and fishing. The data show that the social differentiation of attitudes to recreational activities is primarily determined by an accumulation criterion, which categorises individuals on the basis of the number and frequency of the activities in which they engage. Whatever their purpose and type, most activities do not seem mutually exclusive. People are all the more likely to engage in one if they already engage in another. The only apparent exceptions to this rule are watching television, hunting, and fishing. An individual’s ranking on the activity-accumulation scale seems more closely correlated with educational attainment than with income level. Differences in attitudes do not, however, appear solely determined by the accumulation criterion. The data reveal three distinct profiles. They show a contrast between persons who are not significantly engaged in these activities—with the exception of intensive television-watching—and two profiles of persons substantially more involved: (1) individuals participating chiefly in sports activities and (2) individuals participating mainly in cultural activities. The propensity towards each of the three profiles seems strongly tied to educational attainment but also to socio-occupational category and living-environment characteristics. There is also a fairly sharp divide between men and women.