Enterprises in France2013 Edition
This new work from the “Insee Références” collection, Enterprises in France, provides the broadest possible view of our productive system.
Internationalisation of firms and the French economy
From a French perspective, there are two dimensions to the internationalisation of firms as multinationals: the presence in France of enterprises controlled by foreign groups, and the set-up abroad of affiliates under French control. Almost one in two persons employed in France (excluding temporary workers) in the non-farm mainly market sectors works in a multinational, i.e. 6.8 million persons employed in 2010. Of these, 1.8 million are employed in a foreign-controlled company. As a comparison, non-farm and non-financial international groups under French control employ 4.6 million persons abroad, or 53% of their global workforce. Whether in France or the rest of the world, these multinationals' affiliates located outside their country of origin are strongly industry-oriented and are frequently intermediate in size (intermediate sized enterprises - ISEs). French-controlled affiliates abroad are mainly set up by the biggest enterprises: 135 French groups in the 'large enterprise' category excluding financial firms employ 3.7 million people abroad and conductmore than half their business there. One third of French-controlled ISEs have an affiliate abroad. This is hardly the case of SMEs. These multinational enterprises account for more than 80% of France's exports (of which 31% from those under foreign control).