Annual business survey / EAE Commerce
Dernière mise à jour le : 08/12/2011
Présentation de l'opération
Organisme producteur :
Insee. Direction des statistiques d'entreprises (DSE)
Type d'opération :
The aim is to collect the main structural data from various business sectors and harmonise them according to the European plan, so that preparation of the national accounts and analyses in the business sector can be improved.
Thèmes abordés :
Topics covered in the questionnaire are: turnover, output, added value, employment, investment, exports, imports, commercial equipment, suppliers, clients, and a detailed breakdown of turnover according to ranges of products in the sector.
Champ de l'opération
Champ géographique :
The survey covers Metropolitan France. In the overseas departments, the information is collected through a specific system of annual surveys of enterprises.
Unité statistique enquêtée :
Périodicité de l'opération :
Période et mode de collecte :
Data collection is by post every year. Questionnaires are sent out during March. An early batch is sent out in February to enterprises finalising their accounts before the end of October.
This business survey was first launched in 1971 in a limited number of commercial sectors. Its scope was then gradually broadened and in the 1974 financial year it covered all wholesale and retail businesses, bakeries and patisseries, cooked meat products, and lastly the trade and repair of automobiles. Several events have marked the history of this survey: change in the general accounting plan, breaks in the fields covered, change of classification... and finally, in 1996, transition to what is called a "fourth generation" survey. From 2009 (data from 2008), the annual business survey (EAE) was replaced by the less comprehensive annual sector survey (ESA). This survey will systematically exploit the administrative sources available to INSEE, in order to reduce the burden of response required from the enterprises.
Plan de sondage :
This survey is exhaustive for large enterprises (annual turnover above 38 million euros or with at least 20 employees in general). In all, about 63,000 enterprises are surveyed. The sample is designed to allow estimates at the national level. Small enterprises are surveyed in alternate years. Thus small enterprises (annual turnover of less than 38 million euros or with fewer than 20 employees) in the wholesale trade sector are surveyed in odd financial years, e.g. on their 2007 figures. Small enterprises in the retail trade and in automobile trade and repair are surveyed in even financial years (e.g. 2006).
Autres spécifications :
The questionnaire is adapted to different business sectors and is simplified for small enterprises.