Insee
Informations Rapides · 25 May 2023 · n° 126
Informations rapidesRise in business births registered in April 2023 Enterprise births - April 2023

In April 2023, the number of business births for all enterprises increased month on month (+3.7% after +1.3% in March, seasonally and working-day adjusted). This increase is due to both micro-entrepreneurs' registrations (+4.9% after +0.2%) and conventional business births (+1.7% after +3.2%). The raw number of business births over the last twelve months (May 2022 to April 2023) increased by 1.5% compared to that of the same period one year earlier (May 2021 to April 2022).

Informations rapides
No 126
Paru le :Paru le25/05/2023
Prochaine parution le : 24/07/2024 at 08:45 - June 2024
Warning

Since 1st January 2023, formalities for registering a business must be carried out on the electronic “one-stop shop” for business formalities. This major change temporarily weakens the monthly monitoring of business births, in particular due to a change in the registration delays in the SIRENE business register. The variations in business births recorded in the first few months of 2023 should therefore be interpreted with great caution. Further information about this change is available on the Documentation tab of the on-line version of this publication.

In April 2023, the number of business births for all enterprises increased month on month (+3.7% after +1.3% in March, seasonally and working-day adjusted). This increase is due to both micro-entrepreneurs' registrations (+4.9% after +0.2%) and conventional business births (+1.7% after +3.2%). The raw number of business births over the last twelve months (May 2022 to April 2023) increased by 1.5% compared to that of the same period one year earlier (May 2021 to April 2022).

Business monthly start-ups (SA-WDA*)

Business monthly start-ups (SA-WDA*)
Conventional businesses Total of entreprise start-ups
2023-04 32934 90063
2023-03 32373 86837
2023-02 31376 85738
2023-01 31694 84785
2022-12 34857 88850
2022-11 34700 92054
2022-10 34193 90665
2022-09 35242 89924
2022-08 34519 89246
2022-07 34883 87712
2022-06 34029 84317
2022-05 32271 82535
2022-04 33971 85405
2022-03 34640 88089
2022-02 34420 86862
2022-01 34276 90245
2021-12 33666 87262
2021-11 33900 83605
2021-10 33711 86090
2021-09 32640 82674
2021-08 33017 84373
2021-07 34054 85013
2021-06 36655 89732
2021-05 37901 92794
2021-04 34047 88538
2021-03 33810 89674
2021-02 33825 90270
2021-01 34773 88314
2020-12 34101 90218
2020-11 33307 88285
2020-10 32905 85712
2020-09 34154 88715
2020-08 35674 90724
2020-07 31827 86312
2020-06 29570 78156
2020-05 23554 60020
2020-04 14818 36282
2020-03 22728 54259
2020-02 30959 73498
2020-01 30126 74959
2019-12 29723 77270
2019-11 30860 74905
2019-10 30211 73470
2019-09 30512 72672
2019-08 30485 72839
2019-07 30458 71843
2019-06 29271 69816
2019-05 32555 75240
2019-04 29998 68943
2019-03 31337 71675
2019-02 30600 69978
2019-01 31166 70567
2018-12 29351 64591
2018-11 28700 63134
2018-10 29692 65244
2018-09 29645 64662
2018-08 29760 63714
2018-07 29317 62655
2018-06 30308 64745
2018-05 28803 61241
2018-04 29217 61308
2018-03 28822 60689
2018-02 28740 60285
2018-01 28226 58132
2017-12 28817 58404
2017-11 31249 60364
2017-10 29419 57559
2017-09 28292 55487
2017-08 28680 55375
2017-07 28321 56439
2017-06 28159 53731
2017-05 27207 51874
2017-04 27718 52546
2017-03 27563 52707
2017-02 27834 52497
2017-01 28174 52656
2016-12 27775 50221
2016-11 27084 51248
2016-10 25822 49338
2016-09 25945 49984
2016-08 25103 47930
2016-07 25927 48987
2016-06 26024 50042
2016-05 25992 50179
2016-04 25788 50903
2016-03 25914 48947
2016-02 27371 50576
2016-01 26141 49778
2015-12 25391 49701
2015-11 24460 46910
2015-10 24768 48022
2015-09 24865 47846
2015-08 24921 47668
2015-07 23967 46662
2015-06 23589 46339
2015-05 24143 47050
2015-04 24088 48044
2015-03 22464 45793
2015-02 22701 45947
2015-01 23752 46086
2014-12 25072 48721
2014-11 25670 50721
2014-10 24871 48335
2014-09 24951 48782
2014-08 25505 49806
2014-07 25167 49015
2014-06 24674 47291
2014-05 25801 49660
2014-04 25638 48308
2014-03 25345 48313
2014-02 24880 47841
2014-01 25329 48713
2013-12 24639 47233
2013-11 25129 48497
2013-10 25803 48448
2013-09 25125 47710
2013-08 24345 46370
2013-07 24182 46466
2013-06 25186 48142
2013-05 24438 47300
2013-04 24402 47386
2013-03 24927 47965
2013-02 24483 47455
2013-01 23570 45984
2012-12 21809 44592
2012-11 21351 46125
2012-10 21967 46944
2012-09 21752 46997
2012-08 22071 48842
2012-07 22751 48696
2012-06 22394 48920
2012-05 20923 45932
2012-04 21329 46793
2012-03 22303 48518
2012-02 22063 47145
2012-01 23067 48095
2011-12 23619 48546
2011-11 24473 50234
2011-10 22253 45950
2011-09 23546 47899
2011-08 23372 46838
2011-07 23687 48955
2011-06 22349 46757
2011-05 23449 46218
2011-04 23413 46985
2011-03 23251 45605
2011-02 23588 47481
2011-01 23277 46327
2010-12 23101 47349
2010-11 23676 51764
2010-10 23809 54333
2010-09 23893 51176
2010-08 24458 52225
2010-07 23459 51283
2010-06 24354 47546
2010-05 23942 54139
2010-04 23260 53959
2010-03 23226 57882
2010-02 23006 56979
2010-01 24168 56467
2009-12 25057 57042
2009-11 23949 52385
2009-10 23061 51702
2009-09 22911 50951
2009-08 22750 51321
2009-07 22169 50522
2009-06 23275 51701
2009-05 24075 54809
2009-04 23370 50898
2009-03 23904 49603
2009-02 24940 43621
2009-01 24512 37088
  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data

Business monthly start-ups (SA-WDA*)

  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data
  • Source: INSEE, REE (SIRENE)

Business set-ups by month (SA-WDA *)

Business set-ups by month (SA-WDA *)
Jan.23 / Dec.22 (in %) Feb.23 / Jan.23 (in %) Mar.23 / Feb.23 (in %) Apr.23 / Mar.23 (in %) Apr.23
Total businesses set-ups -4.6 1.1 1.3 3.7 90,063
Conventional businesses -9.1 -1.0 3.2 1.7 32,934
Self-managed micro-entrepreneurs -1.7 2.4 0.2 4.9 57,129
  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data
  • Source: INSEE, REE(SIRENE)

Increase in business births in all sectors over a month

In April 2023, seasonally and working-day adjusted, business births rose over a month in all sectors (except in real estate activities where they were stable). They rebounded sharply in transportation and storage (+12.7% after ‑6.4%) and accelerated in education, human health and social work activities (+8.0% after +3.2%). They increased again in business support activities (+2.6% after +2.9%).

Slight decrease in business births in the last three months

The raw number of business set up from February 2023 to April 2023 decreased slightly, in comparison with the same months one year earlier (‑0.3%). This decline was due to the sharp fall in company births (‑7.1%) and conventional sole proprietorships’ births (‑7.1%). Conversely, micro-entrepreneurs’ registrations increased (+4.2%).

Over this period, education, human health and social work activities made the largest negative contribution to the overall decrease (‑2,700 business births compared to the same months one year earlier, representing a contribution* of ‑1.0 point). Within this sector, the fall was due in particular to that of “human health activities not classified elsewhere” (‑1,100 business births over the last three months).

* The contribution of a sector to the overall variation is the variation observed in this sector, weighted by the share of this sector in the total number of births.

Increase in business births over the last twelve months

The raw number of business births totted up over the last twelve months (from May 2022 to April 2023) increased (+1.5% year on year). Micro-entrepreneurs’ registrations (+3.6%) and company births (+0.5%) rose. Conversely, conventional sole proprietorships’ births decreased steeply (‑6.4%).

Over this period, the decline is particularly marked in transportation and storage activities (‑22.0% year on year), a sector in which business births had expanded strongly during the health crisis.

Cumulated business start-ups by type

Raw data
Cumulated business start-ups by type (Raw data)
Moving total % change * Moving total for the first 4 months of the year
Over 3 months over 12 months 2023 2022
Total -0.3 1.5 370,046 373,364
Companies -7.1 0.5 98,519 104,075
Conventional sole proprietorships -7.1 -6.4 38,182 41,777
Self-managed micro-entrepreneurs 4.2 3.6 233,345 227,512
  • *Total of business start-ups during the last 3 or 12 months compared with the same months a year earlier
  • Source: INSEE, REE (SIRENE)

62.9% of business births in the last three months were micro-entrepreneurs

% of all business births (raw data)
62.9% of business births in the last three months were micro-entrepreneurs (% of all business births (raw data))
In % April-2023 Cumulative births over the last 3 months (February 2023 to April 2023) Cumulative births over the last 12 months (May 2022 to April 2023) Cumulative births over the last 12 months, one year ago (May 2021 to April 2022)
Companies 26.5 26.7 27.2 27.4
Sole proprietorships excluding self-managed micro-entrepreneurs 10.5 10.4 11.2 12.1
Self-managed micro-entrepreneurs 63.0 62.9 61.7 60.5
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
  • Source: INSEE, REE (SIRENE)

Trade and business support activities monthly start-ups (SA-WDA*)

Trade and business support activities monthly start-ups (SA-WDA*)
Trade Business support activities
2023-04 12610 23385
2023-03 12145 22787
2023-02 11949 22143
2023-01 11784 21793
2022-12 12269 22751
2022-11 12518 23293
2022-10 12398 24218
2022-09 12681 23081
2022-08 12212 23303
2022-07 12343 22656
2022-06 11832 21725
2022-05 10982 21473
2022-04 12113 21504
2022-03 12307 21938
2022-02 12727 21523
2022-01 12725 23055
2021-12 12668 21394
2021-11 12565 19458
2021-10 13138 20325
2021-09 13037 19255
2021-08 13187 19159
2021-07 13895 18966
2021-06 14775 20306
2021-05 15937 20728
2021-04 15094 19264
2021-03 15493 18248
2021-02 15876 18450
2021-01 17179 17941
2020-12 17420 18691
2020-11 17242 18313
2020-10 16483 18053
2020-09 17272 18547
2020-08 18549 18978
2020-07 18031 17647
2020-06 15879 16712
2020-05 13648 13989
2020-04 7860 9248
2020-03 9085 13471
2020-02 13241 16002
2020-01 13292 16811
2019-12 12616 17925
2019-11 13078 16975
2019-10 12588 16810
2019-09 12736 16919
2019-08 12867 16599
2019-07 12532 16931
2019-06 12147 16321
2019-05 13219 17861
2019-04 12636 15446
2019-03 13257 16010
2019-02 12863 15723
2019-01 13495 15549
2018-12 11864 14785
2018-11 12018 13671
2018-10 12341 14668
2018-09 12615 14376
2018-08 12541 14336
2018-07 12519 14146
2018-06 12676 14477
2018-05 11918 13915
2018-04 11996 13542
2018-03 11898 13707
2018-02 11856 13396
2018-01 11524 12960
2017-12 11917 12807
2017-11 12087 13325
2017-10 12292 12856
2017-09 11843 12291
2017-08 11760 12266
2017-07 11239 12644
2017-06 11112 12060
2017-05 10691 11469
2017-04 10963 11395
2017-03 10839 11223
2017-02 10997 11046
2017-01 11505 10892
2016-12 10199 10860
2016-11 10542 10862
2016-10 9854 10483
2016-09 10114 10827
2016-08 9434 10302
2016-07 9876 10266
2016-06 10276 10371
2016-05 10527 10447
2016-04 10503 10708
2016-03 10743 9894
2016-02 12141 10309
2016-01 10386 10408
2015-12 10154 10510
2015-11 9656 9604
2015-10 9995 9994
2015-09 9843 9767
2015-08 9698 9714
2015-07 9722 9670
2015-06 9554 9427
2015-05 10023 9394
2015-04 10003 9915
2015-03 9271 9569
2015-02 9461 9665
2015-01 9355 9661
2014-12 10103 10004
2014-11 10523 10195
2014-10 10011 9948
2014-09 10042 10079
2014-08 10208 10435
2014-07 10243 10103
2014-06 9523 9895
2014-05 10291 10228
2014-04 9995 9879
2014-03 9978 9848
2014-02 9840 9787
2014-01 10180 9877
2013-12 9809 9582
2013-11 10234 9665
2013-10 10351 9661
2013-09 10366 9487
2013-08 10248 9243
2013-07 10075 9409
2013-06 10474 9616
2013-05 9993 9530
2013-04 10028 9735
2013-03 10460 9594
2013-02 10214 9603
2013-01 9604 9276
2012-12 9440 9055
2012-11 9439 9360
2012-10 9513 9509
2012-09 9701 9277
2012-08 9827 10262
2012-07 9807 10039
2012-06 9845 9916
2012-05 9349 9543
2012-04 9378 9710
2012-03 9700 10058
2012-02 9563 9629
2012-01 9846 9691
2011-12 10095 9992
2011-11 10033 10468
2011-10 9375 9419
2011-09 10190 9772
2011-08 9643 9553
2011-07 10150 10797
2011-06 9944 9826
2011-05 9665 9351
2011-04 10084 9877
2011-03 9643 9380
2011-02 10118 10055
2011-01 9732 9827
2010-12 9817 10080
2010-11 10505 11179
2010-10 10970 12065
2010-09 10900 10766
2010-08 10920 11027
2010-07 10665 11333
2010-06 10218 9954
2010-05 11291 11741
2010-04 11321 11695
2010-03 11997 12550
2010-02 11983 12115
2010-01 11921 12272
2009-12 12328 11961
2009-11 11439 10903
2009-10 11490 10998
2009-09 11213 10873
2009-08 11200 11066
2009-07 11393 10775
2009-06 11262 11152
2009-05 12039 11642
2009-04 11180 10890
2009-03 10863 11035
2009-02 10098 8537
2009-01 9204 6782
  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data

Trade and business support activities monthly start-ups (SA-WDA*)

  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data
  • Source: INSEE, REE (SIRENE)

Construction and transportation business monthly set-ups (SA-WDA*)

Construction and transportation business monthly set-ups (SA-WDA*)
Construction Transportation and storage
2023-04 7867 6658
2023-03 7839 5906
2023-02 7861 6314
2023-01 7909 6572
2022-12 8100 7408
2022-11 8370 6790
2022-10 8325 6525
2022-09 8112 6455
2022-08 7900 7020
2022-07 7851 6419
2022-06 7728 6051
2022-05 7494 5852
2022-04 7796 6141
2022-03 8039 7029
2022-02 7704 7186
2022-01 7828 7529
2021-12 7859 7791
2021-11 7718 8001
2021-10 7749 8309
2021-09 7506 8968
2021-08 7701 9547
2021-07 7509 8559
2021-06 7920 9354
2021-05 7841 11771
2021-04 7738 12856
2021-03 7684 14007
2021-02 7724 12935
2021-01 7680 11345
2020-12 7964 11353
2020-11 8784 11193
2020-10 7824 11152
2020-09 8122 11335
2020-08 8495 10867
2020-07 7899 10947
2020-06 7261 10428
2020-05 4928 6457
2020-04 2949 2734
2020-03 5014 4531
2020-02 7479 6360
2020-01 7340 6657
2019-12 7468 6106
2019-11 7593 6715
2019-10 7307 7095
2019-09 7236 6459
2019-08 7145 6416
2019-07 7348 6361
2019-06 6818 6806
2019-05 6921 7325
2019-04 6413 6982
2019-03 6474 7812
2019-02 6354 7552
2019-01 6357 7170
2018-12 5928 6916
2018-11 5861 6615
2018-10 6025 6422
2018-09 5985 6365
2018-08 5964 6249
2018-07 5997 6022
2018-06 6117 5938
2018-05 5610 5620
2018-04 5943 5369
2018-03 5791 4912
2018-02 5853 4740
2018-01 5460 4673
2017-12 5599 4502
2017-11 5957 4217
2017-10 5670 3676
2017-09 5344 3183
2017-08 5462 3285
2017-07 5555 3697
2017-06 5383 3195
2017-05 5393 3029
2017-04 5307 3088
2017-03 5375 3133
2017-02 5326 3327
2017-01 5351 3157
2016-12 5029 2997
2016-11 5187 2862
2016-10 5119 3087
2016-09 5286 2961
2016-08 5312 2486
2016-07 5320 2989
2016-06 5434 2889
2016-05 5350 2782
2016-04 5524 2694
2016-03 5351 2422
2016-02 5211 2333
2016-01 5504 2418
2015-12 5462 2557
2015-11 5418 2341
2015-10 5351 2331
2015-09 5798 2005
2015-08 5700 1771
2015-07 5522 1560
2015-06 5478 1590
2015-05 5682 1570
2015-04 5629 1703
2015-03 5401 1884
2015-02 5380 1224
2015-01 5462 1165
2014-12 5962 1292
2014-11 6288 2218
2014-10 6288 1215
2014-09 6275 1239
2014-08 6242 1345
2014-07 6387 1233
2014-06 6326 1093
2014-05 6570 1114
2014-04 6773 1089
2014-03 6665 1115
2014-02 7001 1134
2014-01 6869 1158
2013-12 6677 1084
2013-11 6932 1006
2013-10 6981 1004
2013-09 6535 1000
2013-08 6402 978
2013-07 6517 978
2013-06 6824 1025
2013-05 6820 1023
2013-04 6661 922
2013-03 6824 934
2013-02 6602 906
2013-01 6532 853
2012-12 6418 784
2012-11 7038 818
2012-10 7302 857
2012-09 7467 829
2012-08 7551 913
2012-07 7500 966
2012-06 7389 941
2012-05 6668 787
2012-04 6921 856
2012-03 7124 856
2012-02 6821 809
2012-01 7079 806
2011-12 6988 791
2011-11 7585 807
2011-10 6799 852
2011-09 7022 822
2011-08 7300 930
2011-07 6858 826
2011-06 6857 797
2011-05 6931 821
2011-04 6773 845
2011-03 6791 812
2011-02 6777 798
2011-01 6568 818
2010-12 7020 780
2010-11 7923 827
2010-10 8037 845
2010-09 7714 847
2010-08 7460 807
2010-07 7148 819
2010-06 6726 778
2010-05 7975 854
2010-04 7849 821
2010-03 8517 921
2010-02 8464 846
2010-01 8126 883
2009-12 8117 765
2009-11 7564 723
2009-10 7388 759
2009-09 7323 709
2009-08 7012 756
2009-07 7148 724
2009-06 6976 769
2009-05 6911 823
2009-04 6659 741
2009-03 6265 719
2009-02 6009 710
2009-01 4939 647
  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data

Construction and transportation business monthly set-ups (SA-WDA*)

  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data
  • Source: INSEE, REE (SIRENE)

Number of monthly business set-ups (incl. self-managed micro-entrepreneurs)

SA-WDA *
Number of monthly business set-ups (incl. self-managed micro-entrepreneurs) (SA-WDA *)
NA Feb-23 Mar-23 Apr-23
Total 85,738 86,837 90,063
Industry BE 5,028 5,513 5,553
Of which Manufacturing C 3,354 3,537 3,564
Construction FZ 7,861 7,839 7,867
Wholesale and retail trade, Transport, Accommodation and Food and beverage activities GI 21,449 21,305 22,641
Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles G 11,949 12,145 12,610
Transportation and storage H 6,314 5,906 6,658
Accommodation and food service activities I 3,187 3,254 3,373
Information and communication JZ 5,291 5,034 5,255
Financial and insurance activities KZ 2,728 2,784 2,806
Real estate activities LZ 3,404 3,389 3,388
Business support activities MN 22,143 22,787 23,385
Education, human health and social work activities PQ 7,733 7,979 8,615
Other services activities RS 10,101 10,207 10,552
  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data
  • Source: INSEE, REE (SIRENE)

Fluctuation in the number of business set-ups (incl. self-managed micro-entrepreneurs)

In %
Fluctuation in the number of business set-ups (incl. self-managed micro-entrepreneurs) (In %) - ** Total of business start-ups during the last 3 or 12 months compared with the same months a year earlier
NA April-23/March-23 Moving total % change**
SA-WDA * over 3 months over 12 months
Total 3.7 -0.3 1.5
Industry BE 0.7 13.7 15.1
Of which Manufacturing C 0.8 -3.7 2.2
Construction FZ 0.4 -0.7 3.2
Wholesale and retail trade, Transport, Accommodation and Food and beverage activities GI 6.3 -3.0 -10.9
Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles G 3.8 -2.4 -7.8
Transportation and storage H 12.7 -7.3 -22.0
Accommodation and food service activities I 3.7 4.2 6.1
Information and communication JZ 4.4 5.2 11.0
Financial and insurance activities KZ 0.8 -8.8 -0.9
Real estate activities LZ 0.0 -7.9 -2.2
Business support activities MN 2.6 3.5 10.7
Education, human health and social work activities PQ 8.0 -10.6 -3.1
Other services activities RS 3.4 2.6 7.8
  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data
  • ** Total of business start-ups during the last 3 or 12 months compared with the same months a year earlier
  • Source: INSEE, REE (SIRENE)

Revisions

The monthly variation in the overall number of business births in March 2023 has been revised upwards by 0.1 points, to +1.3% instead of +1.2%. Besides, in raw data, the number of business births in February and March has been revised downwards, due to an upwards re-estimation of the share of business creation formalities that have been invalidated.

For further information

The business births data are build from the Register of Enterprises and Establishments (REE). This register is itself supplied with data from SIRENE and enriched with elements from the SIRUS statistical register.

The definition of creation adopted by INSEE is based on the concept defined by Eurostat, to harmonize and compare European data. The appearance of a market producer legal unit with no predecessor is considered to be a newly created enterprise by Eurostat. This concept of creation relies on new production resources.

Starting from the data relating to January 2009, the business start-up statistics include applications for start-ups as micro-entrepreneurs. Since this date, sole proprietorships excluding self-managed micro-entrepreneurs are called conventional sole proprietorships and start-ups excluding self-managed micro-entrepreneurs are called conventional businesses.

From the January 2022 publication, business births are calculated according to a revised scheme. This has led to an increase in the level of historic series of business births.

Time series can be accessed at the bottom of this page, and further information on methodology is available on the Documentation tab.

Next issue: 23 June 2023 at 8:45 am.

Pour en savoir plus

The business births data are build from the Register of Enterprises and Establishments (REE). This register is itself supplied with data from SIRENE and enriched with elements from the SIRUS statistical register.

The definition of creation adopted by INSEE is based on the concept defined by Eurostat, to harmonize and compare European data. The appearance of a market producer legal unit with no predecessor is considered to be a newly created enterprise by Eurostat. This concept of creation relies on new production resources.

Starting from the data relating to January 2009, the business start-up statistics include applications for start-ups as micro-entrepreneurs. Since this date, sole proprietorships excluding self-managed micro-entrepreneurs are called conventional sole proprietorships and start-ups excluding self-managed micro-entrepreneurs are called conventional businesses.

From the January 2022 publication, business births are calculated according to a revised scheme. This has led to an increase in the level of historic series of business births.

Time series can be accessed at the bottom of this page, and further information on methodology is available on the Documentation tab.

Next issue: 23 June 2023 at 8:45 am.

: bureau-de-presse@insee.fr
: