Insee
Informations Rapides · 20 May 2022 · n° 129
Informations rapidesIn April 2022, oil and industrial commodity prices retreated, food commodity prices remained dynamicPrices of oil and raw material imports - April 2022

In April 2022, the price of oil in euros fell back (−9.2% after +24.7% in March). Prices in euros of imported raw materials (excluding energy) slowed sharply (+1.7% after +10.1%), due to the slight decline in industrial raw materials prices (−1.7% after +11.0%). The prices of food commodities, although slowing down, were on the rise again (+5.1% after +9.2%).

Informations rapides
No 129
Paru le : Paru le 20/05/2022
Warning:

As rapeseed oil, wool and hide prices have not been issued by the usual data provider since December 2021, they have been indexed to equivalent series for this publication. This hypothesis leads in particular to a revision between December 2021 and March 2022 of the aggregate price index for oilseeds (and consequently for food commodities) and for natural textile fibres (and consequently for agro-industrial raw materials).

In April 2022, the price of oil in euros fell back (−9.2% after +24.7% in March). Prices in euros of imported raw materials (excluding energy) slowed sharply (+1.7% after +10.1%), due to the slight decline in industrial raw materials prices (−1.7% after +11.0%). The prices of food commodities, although slowing down, were on the rise again (+5.1% after +9.2%).

Imported raw materials (excluding energy)

index 2010=100
Imported raw materials (excluding energy) (index 2010=100)
Prices in foreign currencies Prices in euros
2022-04 150.7 181.9
2022-03 150.8 178.8
2022-02 141.0 162.4
2022-01 135.9 157.0
2021-12 129.7 149.8
2021-11 124.0 141.9
2021-10 127.9 143.9
2021-09 125.8 139.5
2021-08 129.4 143.5
2021-07 132.3 146.1
2021-06 132.7 143.9
2021-05 135.2 145.5
2021-04 127.0 138.6
2021-03 119.7 131.4
2021-02 116.7 126.1
2021-01 113.1 121.3
2020-12 110.0 118.0
2020-11 102.1 112.5
2020-10 99.0 109.6
2020-09 98.8 109.1
2020-08 96.9 106.8
2020-07 91.1 103.5
2020-06 88.5 102.3
2020-05 87.6 104.7
2020-04 83.8 100.5
2020-03 87.2 102.6
2020-02 90.1 107.7
2020-01 92.8 109.0
2019-12 91.9 107.8
2019-11 89.3 105.2
2019-10 88.5 104.3
2019-09 89.0 105.3
2019-08 89.4 104.7
2019-07 96.0 111.5
2019-06 94.1 108.5
2019-05 92.1 107.3
2019-04 93.2 108.3
2019-03 91.0 105.0
2019-02 91.8 105.4
2019-01 88.6 101.2
2018-12 86.7 99.2
2018-11 88.8 101.7
2018-10 90.1 102.2
2018-09 86.9 97.1
2018-08 88.3 99.7
2018-07 90.9 101.4
2018-06 95.2 106.5
2018-05 95.9 106.0
2018-04 94.6 100.8
2018-03 94.6 100.3
2018-02 95.8 101.4
2018-01 94.4 101.1
2017-12 91.6 101.0
2017-11 91.8 102.1
2017-10 91.1 101.1
2017-09 92.8 101.7
2017-08 94.1 103.9
2017-07 92.4 104.7
2017-06 89.4 103.8
2017-05 89.7 105.8
2017-04 90.7 110.1
2017-03 95.4 116.2
2017-02 96.0 117.4
2017-01 93.2 114.3
2016-12 91.0 112.3
2016-11 89.7 108.2
2016-10 84.3 99.7
2016-09 83.3 97.0
2016-08 84.4 98.2
2016-07 84.7 99.9
2016-06 82.5 95.8
2016-05 80.3 92.7
2016-04 80.6 92.9
2016-03 77.9 91.7
2016-02 74.7 87.9
2016-01 72.8 87.4
2015-12 73.6 88.1
2015-11 74.9 90.9
2015-10 78.0 90.7
2015-09 78.7 91.6
2015-08 79.6 93.4
2015-07 81.0 96.4
2015-06 84.0 98.2
2015-05 84.7 99.5
2015-04 83.1 101.1
2015-03 84.3 101.8
2015-02 86.6 100.4
2015-01 89.3 101.2
2014-12 92.9 99.7
2014-11 95.3 101.3
2014-10 95.9 100.5
2014-09 97.6 100.6
2014-08 101.4 101.5
2014-07 102.5 101.1
2014-06 100.7 98.9
2014-05 103.0 100.2
2014-04 106.5 103.1
2014-03 104.8 101.4
2014-02 103.3 101.0
2014-01 102.7 100.8
2013-12 103.6 101.2
2013-11 100.8 99.7
2013-10 100.4 98.4
2013-09 100.0 99.8
2013-08 102.7 102.8
2013-07 102.1 103.8
2013-06 100.1 101.1
2013-05 102.5 105.1
2013-04 103.8 106.0
2013-03 105.0 107.5
2013-02 107.9 107.6
2013-01 106.6 106.8

Imported raw materials (excluding energy)

  • Source: INSEE

Oil prices fell back

In April 2022, the price of North Sea crude oil (Brent) in dollars retreated (−10.5% after +21.1%), averaging $104.9. In euro terms, the decline in the price per barrel was slightly less marked (−9.2% after +24.7%), as the euro continued to depreciate against the dollar in April.

Oil (Brent)

price per barrel
Oil (Brent) (price per barrel)
Prices in dollars Prices in euros
2022-04 104.9 96.7
2022-03 117.2 106.4
2022-02 96.8 85.4
2022-01 86.5 76.5
2021-12 74.4 65.8
2021-11 81.0 71.0
2021-10 83.5 72.0
2021-09 74.5 63.3
2021-08 70.9 60.2
2021-07 75.1 63.5
2021-06 73.2 60.8
2021-05 68.5 56.4
2021-04 64.8 54.1
2021-03 65.4 55.0
2021-02 62.3 51.5
2021-01 54.8 45.0
2020-12 50.0 41.1
2020-11 42.7 36.1
2020-10 40.2 34.1
2020-09 40.9 34.7
2020-08 44.8 37.8
2020-07 43.2 37.7
2020-06 40.3 35.8
2020-05 29.4 27.5
2020-04 18.5 16.9
2020-03 31.9 28.8
2020-02 55.7 51.1
2020-01 63.6 57.3
2019-12 67.2 60.4
2019-11 63.2 57.2
2019-10 59.7 54.0
2019-09 62.8 57.1
2019-08 59.0 53.1
2019-07 63.9 57.0
2019-06 64.3 56.9
2019-05 71.2 63.6
2019-04 71.2 63.4
2019-03 66.1 58.5
2019-02 64.0 56.4
2019-01 59.4 52.0
2018-12 56.5 49.8
2018-11 64.7 57.0
2018-10 81.0 70.6
2018-09 78.9 67.7
2018-08 72.5 62.8
2018-07 74.3 63.5
2018-06 74.4 63.7
2018-05 76.9 65.2
2018-04 72.0 58.7
2018-03 66.0 53.5
2018-02 65.3 52.9
2018-01 69.1 56.6
2017-12 64.4 54.4
2017-11 62.7 53.4
2017-10 57.5 48.9
2017-09 55.5 46.6
2017-08 51.9 44.0
2017-07 49.1 42.6
2017-06 47.6 42.4
2017-05 51.4 46.5
2017-04 53.8 50.1
2017-03 52.6 49.2
2017-02 56.0 52.6
2017-01 55.4 52.2
2016-12 54.9 52.1
2016-11 47.1 43.7
2016-10 51.4 46.6
2016-09 47.7 42.5
2016-08 46.8 41.8
2016-07 45.3 41.0
2016-06 48.2 43.0
2016-05 46.7 41.3
2016-04 41.6 36.7
2016-03 38.2 34.4
2016-02 32.2 29.0
2016-01 30.7 28.3
2015-12 38.0 35.0
2015-11 44.3 41.2
2015-10 48.4 43.1
2015-09 47.6 42.4
2015-08 46.6 41.9
2015-07 56.6 51.4
2015-06 61.5 54.8
2015-05 64.1 57.5
2015-04 59.5 55.4
2015-03 57.3 52.8
2015-02 58.2 51.3
2015-01 50.1 43.1
2014-12 64.2 52.2
2014-11 80.8 64.8
2014-10 88.7 70.0
2014-09 98.9 76.7
2014-08 103.5 77.7
2014-07 108.6 80.2
2014-06 111.9 82.3
2014-05 109.2 79.6
2014-04 108.0 78.1
2014-03 107.9 78.0
2014-02 108.7 79.6
2014-01 107.6 79.0
2013-12 110.7 80.7
2013-11 107.7 79.9
2013-10 109.4 80.2
2013-09 111.6 83.6
2013-08 110.1 82.8
2013-07 107.7 82.3
2013-06 102.8 78.0
2013-05 103.0 79.4
2013-04 103.8 79.5
2013-03 109.7 84.6
2013-02 116.4 87.1
2013-01 112.0 84.3

Oil (Brent)

  • Source: INSEE

Petroleum

Petroleum
prices Changes (%)
of last month over the last month over the last 3 months over the last 12 months
Brent in $ per barrel 104.9 -10.5 21.3 61.9
Brent in € per barrel 96.7 -9.2 26.4 78.6
Gasoline cts €/L 77.9 2.0 36.1 77.4
Gas Oil 1015.7 -2.5 53.9 134.5
Heavy fuel 533.7 -4.4 27.3 76.4
Naphtha 843.9 -7.2 26.3 82.5
  • Prices are in euros per tonne unless otherwise specified
  • Source: INSEE

Industrial raw material prices edged down

Prices in euros of industrial raw materials fell slightly in April (−1.7% after +11.0% in March). The prices of mineral materials weakened (−1.1% after +12.2%): those of non-ferrous metals (−2.7% after +14.4%) and precious metals (−0.5% after +9.1%) declined a little, while those of ferrous metals slowed significantly (+1.6% after +9.2%).

Prices for agro-industrial raw materials dropped more markedly (−5.1% after +5.0%), due to the sharp decline in prices for sawn softwood (−17.8% after +0.1%). Rubber prices shrank (−0.6% after +0.3%), while those for paper pulp (+1.9% after +11.5%) and hides (+1.8% after +7.2%) slackened sharply. Conversely, prices for natural textile fibres accelerated (+9.7% after +4.2%). Tropical wood prices, on their side, remained virtually stable (+0.1% after +0.1%).

Industrial raw materials

index 2010=100
Industrial raw materials (index 2010=100)
Prices in foreign currencies Prices in euros
2022-04 139.3 170.0
2022-03 144.2 173.0
2022-02 133.7 155.9
2022-01 127.2 148.7
2021-12 118.4 138.5
2021-11 110.3 127.7
2021-10 119.6 136.1
2021-09 116.5 130.8
2021-08 122.5 137.5
2021-07 134.7 150.5
2021-06 137.1 150.4
2021-05 140.7 153.1
2021-04 127.7 140.9
2021-03 120.8 134.2
2021-02 118.3 129.4
2021-01 115.0 124.9
2020-12 110.8 120.2
2020-11 97.1 108.2
2020-10 93.0 104.1
2020-09 94.1 105.1
2020-08 93.4 103.9
2020-07 84.8 97.3
2020-06 79.5 92.8
2020-05 74.2 89.4
2020-04 71.2 86.0
2020-03 74.7 88.7
2020-02 78.1 94.2
2020-01 82.2 97.5
2019-12 80.6 95.3
2019-11 78.0 92.7
2019-10 79.2 94.1
2019-09 81.0 96.8
2019-08 80.1 94.7
2019-07 90.1 105.8
2019-06 85.8 100.0
2019-05 83.8 98.5
2019-04 84.1 98.6
2019-03 82.3 95.9
2019-02 82.4 95.7
2019-01 76.3 88.0
2018-12 74.4 85.9
2018-11 76.9 88.9
2018-10 78.3 89.7
2018-09 76.4 86.2
2018-08 77.1 87.8
2018-07 77.6 87.6
2018-06 81.8 92.7
2018-05 82.7 92.7
2018-04 81.9 88.4
2018-03 81.5 87.5
2018-02 85.9 92.1
2018-01 85.4 92.6
2017-12 81.4 90.8
2017-11 79.9 89.8
2017-10 78.7 88.4
2017-09 80.7 89.4
2017-08 79.6 88.9
2017-07 73.7 84.3
2017-06 69.4 81.3
2017-05 71.3 84.8
2017-04 74.8 91.6
2017-03 80.4 98.9
2017-02 81.2 100.2
2017-01 76.4 94.5
2016-12 75.4 93.9
2016-11 71.8 87.6
2016-10 64.5 77.1
2016-09 63.2 74.3
2016-08 64.9 76.4
2016-07 63.7 75.9
2016-06 60.2 70.8
2016-05 60.8 71.1
2016-04 62.6 73.1
2016-03 60.3 71.8
2016-02 56.1 66.7
2016-01 53.3 64.7
2015-12 54.2 65.7
2015-11 56.0 68.9
2015-10 60.3 70.9
2015-09 61.7 72.7
2015-08 61.3 72.9
2015-07 62.8 75.9
2015-06 68.2 80.8
2015-05 69.6 82.9
2015-04 66.3 81.8
2015-03 67.6 82.9
2015-02 69.8 81.9
2015-01 71.9 82.5
2014-12 75.9 82.0
2014-11 79.1 84.5
2014-10 80.2 84.5
2014-09 82.3 85.2
2014-08 86.1 86.3
2014-07 86.4 85.2
2014-06 83.3 81.8
2014-05 84.8 82.5
2014-04 88.2 85.2
2014-03 86.6 83.6
2014-02 89.4 87.4
2014-01 91.7 89.9
2013-12 93.6 91.1
2013-11 93.1 92.1
2013-10 92.6 90.6
2013-09 92.2 92.1
2013-08 93.2 93.4
2013-07 89.2 91.0
2013-06 86.7 87.8
2013-05 90.5 93.2
2013-04 95.4 97.7
2013-03 98.7 101.5
2013-02 104.6 104.4
2013-01 102.7 103.1

Industrial raw materials

  • Source: INSEE

Food commodity prices continued to rise

Although slowing down, food commodity prices in euros increased again in April (+5.1% after +9.2% in March). Prices for meat (+7.0% after +8.6%) and seafood (+9.3% after +10.4%) remained very dynamic. Oilseed prices slowed significantly (+1.3% after +22.0%) as did, to a lesser extent, prices for cereals (+5.1% after +11.5%) and sugar (+4.7% after +8.1%). Lastly, prices for tropical commodities recovered (+2.2% after −3.7%).

Food

index 2010=100
Food (index 2010=100)
Prices in foreign currencies Prices in euros
2022-04 166.2 198.4
2022-03 161.0 188.9
2022-02 151.8 172.9
2022-01 148.2 169.3
2021-12 143.2 163.7
2021-11 139.7 158.2
2021-10 138.7 154.5
2021-09 137.4 150.8
2021-08 138.9 152.5
2021-07 133.1 145.5
2021-06 131.7 141.2
2021-05 133.3 141.9
2021-04 129.3 139.8
2021-03 121.6 132.0
2021-02 117.9 126.0
2021-01 114.0 121.0
2020-12 109.6 116.4
2020-11 108.3 118.2
2020-10 106.3 116.6
2020-09 104.6 114.5
2020-08 101.5 110.8
2020-07 98.7 111.3
2020-06 99.2 113.9
2020-05 103.4 122.7
2020-04 98.8 117.6
2020-03 102.0 119.1
2020-02 104.5 123.8
2020-01 105.5 122.8
2019-12 105.9 123.1
2019-11 103.2 120.6
2019-10 99.7 116.6
2019-09 98.5 115.6
2019-08 100.6 116.8
2019-07 102.5 118.0
2019-06 103.9 118.8
2019-05 102.0 117.7
2019-04 104.1 119.9
2019-03 101.5 116.0
2019-02 103.1 117.2
2019-01 103.9 117.5
2018-12 102.0 115.7
2018-11 103.5 117.6
2018-10 104.6 117.6
2018-09 99.7 110.5
2018-08 102.2 114.2
2018-07 107.3 118.6
2018-06 111.8 123.7
2018-05 112.2 122.5
2018-04 110.3 116.0
2018-03 110.9 116.1
2018-02 107.7 112.6
2018-01 105.0 111.3
2017-12 104.0 113.4
2017-11 106.5 117.3
2017-10 106.4 116.9
2017-09 107.7 116.8
2017-08 112.2 122.8
2017-07 116.4 130.7
2017-06 115.2 132.6
2017-05 113.4 132.6
2017-04 110.9 133.6
2017-03 114.1 138.0
2017-02 114.6 139.0
2017-01 114.6 139.4
2016-12 110.1 134.9
2016-11 112.2 134.1
2016-10 110.0 128.9
2016-09 109.6 126.3
2016-08 109.6 126.2
2016-07 112.3 131.1
2016-06 111.9 128.6
2016-05 105.7 120.7
2016-04 103.9 118.3
2016-03 100.6 117.1
2016-02 99.1 115.4
2016-01 98.5 117.1
2015-12 98.7 117.0
2015-11 99.1 119.1
2015-10 100.8 115.9
2015-09 100.3 115.5
2015-08 103.1 119.5
2015-07 104.3 122.6
2015-06 104.0 120.0
2015-05 103.8 120.3
2015-04 104.6 125.5
2015-03 105.4 125.6
2015-02 107.9 123.6
2015-01 111.2 124.7
2014-12 114.1 121.7
2014-11 115.6 122.2
2014-10 115.5 120.4
2014-09 116.7 119.9
2014-08 120.6 120.4
2014-07 122.7 120.8
2014-06 122.4 120.2
2014-05 125.7 122.2
2014-04 129.3 125.3
2014-03 127.5 123.4
2014-02 120.7 118.0
2014-01 116.8 114.6
2013-12 116.5 114.1
2013-11 110.6 109.4
2013-10 110.5 108.3
2013-09 110.1 109.7
2013-08 114.8 114.8
2013-07 118.5 120.1
2013-06 117.1 117.9
2013-05 117.9 120.2
2013-04 114.6 116.5
2013-03 113.1 115.4
2013-02 112.4 112.0
2013-01 111.6 111.7

Food

  • Source: INSEE

Imported raw materials (excluding energy) in euros

Base 100 in 2010
Imported raw materials (excluding energy) in euros (Base 100 in 2010)
Index of last month changes (in%)
du dernier mois over the last month over the last 3 months over the last 12 months
Food total 198.4 5.1 17.2 41.9
Tropical foodstuffs 152.5 2.2 0.9 56.3
Oil seeds, vegetable oils 213.6 1.3 27.6 39.0
Cereals 156.0 5.1 20.5 19.6
Sugar 108.4 4.7 11.3 33.7
Meat 243.5 7.0 17.6 29.5
Seafood products 175.2 9.3 23.1 48.3
Industrial raw materials 170.0 -1.7 14.4 20.7
Agricultural raw materials 179.0 -5.1 0.5 12.3
Natural Fibres 180.0 9.7 18.9 70.7
Natural rubber 62.6 -0.6 0.4 14.8
Hides 59.4 1.8 -6.1 22.2
Wood pulp 186.9 1.9 19.0 31.8
Tropical wood 101.8 0.1 -0.1 3.6
Sawn softwood 457.9 -17.8 -17.1 -15.6
Minerals 165.8 -1.1 17.4 22.7
Ferrous metals 132.8 1.6 19.3 -6.3
Non-ferrous metals 184.7 -2.7 17.2 51.0
Precious metals 175.9 -0.5 11.4 13.0
All commodities 181.9 1.7 15.9 31.2
  • Source: INSEE

For further information

The relevant time series and a user guide are available at the bottom of this page.

Crude oil: from 1986, the price of Brent gradually established as a representative reference price of European supplies.

Petroleum: Prices of oil products are monthly averages.

Indices of non-energy raw materials imported by France: the indices calculated by INSEE are monthly averages of raw materials prices, weighted by their share in the French imports of raw materials (2010 = 100).

Next issue: 17 June 2022 at 12.00 pm

Pour en savoir plus

The relevant time series and a user guide are available at the bottom of this page.

Crude oil: from 1986, the price of Brent gradually established as a representative reference price of European supplies.

Petroleum: Prices of oil products are monthly averages.

Indices of non-energy raw materials imported by France: the indices calculated by INSEE are monthly averages of raw materials prices, weighted by their share in the French imports of raw materials (2010 = 100).

Next issue: 17 June 2022 at 12.00 pm

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