Insee
Informations Rapides · 31 March 2022 · n° 085
Informations rapidesIn March 2022, consumer prices increased by 4.5% year on yearConsumer price index - provisional results - March 2022

Informations rapides
No 085
Paru le : Paru le 31/03/2022
Prochaine parution le : 30/06/2022 at 08:45 - June 2022
Warning

These provisional results are only preliminary data. Accordingly, they should not be used for contractual revaluations. The indices published here are based on a limited set of price observations and from estimates of some rates of change for fares which are not yet available. The complete results will be published on 15 April 2022.

Additional information is available in “For further information”.

Over a year, the Consumer Price Index (CPI) should rise by 4.5% in March 2022, after +3.6% in the previous month, according to the provisional estimate made at the end of the month. This sharp increase in inflation should result from the acceleration of energy food prices and, to a lesser extent, services. The prices of manufactured goods should slow down slightly. The decrease in tobacco prices should maintain at the same level as in February.

Over one month, consumer prices should rise by 1.4%, after +0.8% in February. The prices of energy should accelerate in link with the increase in petroleum products prices. Those of manufactured goods and food should rise sharply. The prices of services should slow down linked with the downturn in transport service prices.

Year on year, the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices should rise by 5.1%, after +4.2% in February. Over one month, it should increase by 1.6%, after +0.9% in the previous month.

Consumer Price Indices

Year-on-year change %; 2015: 100
Consumer Price Indices (Year-on-year change %; 2015: 100) - *: Consumer Price Indices **: Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices
Weight 2022 March 2021 February 2022 March 2022 (p)
CPI - All items* 10000 1.1 3.6 4.5
Food 1649 0.9 2.1 2.8
- Fresh food 249 4.4 5.9 7.2
- Other food products 1400 0.4 1.4 2.1
Tobacco 215 5.8 -0.1 -0.1
Energy 886 4.7 21.1 28.9
Manufactured products 2444 -0.2 2.2 2.1
Services 4806 1.1 2.2 2.3
HICP** - All items 10000 1.4 4.2 5.1
  • (p) provisional results
  • *: Consumer Price Indices **: Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices
  • Geographic coverage: France excluding Mayotte
  • Source: INSEE, Consumer Price Indices

Variations in the consumer price index

Variations in the consumer price index ()
12-month-rate 1-month-rate
2022-03 4.5 1.4
2022-02 3.6 0.8
2022-01 2.9 0.3
2021-12 2.8 0.2
2021-11 2.8 0.4
2021-10 2.6 0.4
2021-09 2.2 -0.2
2021-08 1.9 0.6
2021-07 1.2 0.1
2021-06 1.5 0.1
2021-05 1.4 0.3
2021-04 1.2 0.1
2021-03 1.1 0.6
2021-02 0.6 0.0
2021-01 0.6 0.2
2020-12 0.0 0.2
2020-11 0.2 0.2
2020-10 0.0 0.0
2020-09 0.0 -0.5
2020-08 0.2 -0.1
2020-07 0.8 0.4
2020-06 0.2 0.1
2020-05 0.4 0.1
2020-04 0.3 0.0
2020-03 0.7 0.1
2020-02 1.4 0.0
2020-01 1.5 -0.4
2019-12 1.5 0.4
2019-11 1.0 0.1
2019-10 0.8 0.0
2019-09 0.9 -0.3
2019-08 1.0 0.5
2019-07 1.1 -0.2
2019-06 1.2 0.2
2019-05 0.9 0.1
2019-04 1.3 0.3
2019-03 1.1 0.8
2019-02 1.3 0.0
2019-01 1.2 -0.4
2018-12 1.6 0.0
2018-11 1.9 -0.2
2018-10 2.2 0.1
2018-09 2.2 -0.2
2018-08 2.3 0.5
2018-07 2.3 -0.1
2018-06 2.0 0.0
2018-05 2.0 0.4
2018-04 1.6 0.2
2018-03 1.6 1.0
2018-02 1.2 0.0
2018-01 1.3 -0.1
2017-12 1.2 0.3
2017-11 1.2 0.1
2017-10 1.1 0.1
2017-09 1.0 -0.2
2017-08 0.9 0.5
2017-07 0.7 -0.3
2017-06 0.7 0.0
2017-05 0.8 0.0
2017-04 1.2 0.1
2017-03 1.1 0.6
2017-02 1.2 0.1
2017-01 1.3 -0.2

Variations in the consumer price index

  • Geographical coverage: France excluding Mayotte
  • Source: INSEE - Consumer Price Indices

For further information

In March, the missing prices due to a lack of collection or an impossibility to purchase the products were imputed in compliance with Eurostat guidelines. The imputation rate should be 3%.

Definition

The Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP) is designed for comparison of consumer price inflation between Members States of the European Union. It is computed for all households in France except Mayotte. The main difference between HICP and CPI is about the health costs: HICP is based on net prices of social security reimbursements and CPI is based on gross prices.

Publication of final results: 15 April 2022 at 8:45 am

Next publication: 29 April 2022 at 8:45 am

Pour en savoir plus

In March, the missing prices due to a lack of collection or an impossibility to purchase the products were imputed in compliance with Eurostat guidelines. The imputation rate should be 3%.

Definition

The Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP) is designed for comparison of consumer price inflation between Members States of the European Union. It is computed for all households in France except Mayotte. The main difference between HICP and CPI is about the health costs: HICP is based on net prices of social security reimbursements and CPI is based on gross prices.

Publication of final results: 15 April 2022 at 8:45 am

Next publication: 29 April 2022 at 8:45 am

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