Insee
Informations Rapides · 13 August 2021 · n° 207
Informations rapidesIn Q2 2021, the unemployment rate was virtually stable at 8.0%ILO Unemployment and Labour Market-related indicators (Labour Force Survey results) - second quarter 2021

In Q2 2021, the number of unemployed people in France (excluding Mayotte) reached 2.4 million, down by 16,000 over the quarter. As in the previous quarter, the ILO unemployment rate was virtually stable (–0.1 points) at 8.0% of active population, after a year of strong fluctuations in 2020. It was almost identical (–0.1 points) to its end of 2019 level, before the health crisis.

Informations rapides
No 207
Paru le : Paru le 13/08/2021
Prochaine parution le : 12/08/2022 at 07:30 - second quarter 2022

The unemployment rate was virtually stable in Q2 2021

In Q2 2021, the number of unemployed people in France (excluding Mayotte) reached 2.4 million, down by 16,000 over the quarter. As in the previous quarter, the ILO unemployment rate was virtually stable (–0.1 points) at 8.0% of active population, after a year of strong fluctuations in 2020. It was almost identical (–0.1 points) to its end of 2019 level, before the health crisis.

Over the quarter, the unemployment rate decreased for people aged 15 to 24 (–0.8 points) and those aged 25 to 49 (–0.2 points) and increased by 0.4 points for those aged 50 or more.

It was below its pre-crisis level (at the end of 2019) for young people (–1.4 points) but at the same level for intermediate aged persons (–0.1 points) and oldest people (+0.1 points).

ILO-unemployment rate

ILO-unemployment rate
France (excl. Mayotte) Metropolitan France
2003-Q1 8.4 8.0
2003-Q2 8.5 8.1
2003-Q3 8.4 8.0
2003-Q4 8.8 8.4
2004-Q1 9.0 8.6
2004-Q2 8.8 8.4
2004-Q3 8.9 8.5
2004-Q4 8.9 8.5
2005-Q1 8.6 8.3
2005-Q2 8.8 8.5
2005-Q3 9.0 8.6
2005-Q4 9.1 8.7
2006-Q1 9.2 8.8
2006-Q2 9.0 8.6
2006-Q3 8.9 8.5
2006-Q4 8.4 8.0
2007-Q1 8.5 8.2
2007-Q2 8.1 7.8
2007-Q3 8.0 7.6
2007-Q4 7.5 7.2
2008-Q1 7.2 6.9
2008-Q2 7.3 7.0
2008-Q3 7.4 7.1
2008-Q4 7.8 7.4
2009-Q1 8.6 8.3
2009-Q2 9.2 8.9
2009-Q3 9.2 8.8
2009-Q4 9.5 9.2
2010-Q1 9.4 9.0
2010-Q2 9.3 8.9
2010-Q3 9.2 8.9
2010-Q4 9.2 8.8
2011-Q1 9.2 8.8
2011-Q2 9.1 8.7
2011-Q3 9.2 8.8
2011-Q4 9.3 9.0
2012-Q1 9.5 9.1
2012-Q2 9.7 9.4
2012-Q3 9.8 9.4
2012-Q4 10.2 9.8
2013-Q1 10.3 10.0
2013-Q2 10.5 10.1
2013-Q3 10.3 9.9
2013-Q4 10.1 9.8
2014-Q1 10.1 9.8
2014-Q2 10.2 9.8
2014-Q3 10.3 9.9
2014-Q4 10.5 10.1
2015-Q1 10.3 10.0
2015-Q2 10.5 10.2
2015-Q3 10.4 10.1
2015-Q4 10.2 9.9
2016-Q1 10.2 9.9
2016-Q2 10.0 9.8
2016-Q3 9.9 9.6
2016-Q4 10.0 9.7
2017-Q1 9.6 9.3
2017-Q2 9.5 9.2
2017-Q3 9.5 9.3
2017-Q4 9.0 8.7
2018-Q1 9.3 8.9
2018-Q2 9.1 8.8
2018-Q3 9.0 8.7
2018-Q4 8.7 8.4
2019-Q1 8.7 8.4
2019-Q2 8.4 8.2
2019-Q3 8.5 8.2
2019-Q4 8.1 7.9
2020-Q1 7.8 7.6
2020-Q2 7.2 7.1
2020-Q3 9.1 8.9
2020-Q4 8.0 7.8
2021-Q1 8.1 7.8
2021-Q2 8.0 7.8
  • Estimation within +/-0.3 point of the level of unemployment rate and of its quarterly variations.

ILO-unemployment rate

  • Estimation within +/-0.3 point of the level of unemployment rate and of its quarterly variations.
  • Scope: population of people living in households, people aged 15 years or more.
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey.

ILO-unemployment rate

Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter
ILO-unemployment rate (Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter)
ILO-unemployment rate (%) Variation in points over Thousands
2021Q1 2021Q2 2021Q1 2020Q2 2019Q4 2021Q2
Unemployed persons 8.1 8.0 -0.1 0.8 -0.1 2,386
  15-24 years 20.6 19.8 -0.8 -2.8 -1.4 586
  25-49 years 7.3 7.1 -0.2 0.8 -0.1 1,249
  50 years and more 5.5 5.9 0.4 1.6 0.1 551
Men 8.3 8.0 -0.3 0.5 -0.2 1,228
  15-24 years 20.3 19.4 -0.9 -1.5 -0.6 309
  25-49 years 7.5 7.0 -0.5 0.3 -0.3 632
  50 years and more 6.0 6.1 0.1 1.4 0.1 287
Women 7.7 7.9 0.2 1.1 -0.1 1,159
  15-24 years 20.9 20.2 -0.7 -4.4 -2.4 278
  25-49 years 7.2 7.1 -0.1 1.2 0.0 617
  50 years and more 4.9 5.7 0.8 1.8 0.2 264
Long-term unemployed persons 2.5 2.4 -0.1 1.0 0.2 710
  • Scope : people living in ordinary housings, aged 15 years or more in France excluding Mayotte
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

The halo around unemployment was stable quarter-to-quarter

Among the inactive people as defined by the ILO, 2.0 million want a job without being considered unemployed: they made up the halo around unemployment. This situation concerned 4.9% of people aged 15 to 64, as in the previous quarter. This share was 0.2 points higher than its pre-crisis level, but much lower (–2.1 points) than the peak reached in Q2 2020, which was the main counterpart of the temporary and « trompe-l’oeil » fall in unemployment during the first containment.

People in the halo of unemployment

People in the halo of unemployment
People aged 15 and over in the halo around unemployment (in thousands) (left scale) Share of the population aged 15 to 64 years (in %) (right scale)
2003-Q1 1498 3.8
2003-Q2 1428 3.6
2003-Q3 1525 3.8
2003-Q4 1530 3.8
2004-Q1 1561 3.9
2004-Q2 1572 3.9
2004-Q3 1574 3.9
2004-Q4 1542 3.8
2005-Q1 1521 3.8
2005-Q2 1519 3.8
2005-Q3 1480 3.7
2005-Q4 1492 3.7
2006-Q1 1530 3.8
2006-Q2 1526 3.7
2006-Q3 1500 3.7
2006-Q4 1583 3.9
2007-Q1 1501 3.7
2007-Q2 1525 3.7
2007-Q3 1435 3.5
2007-Q4 1444 3.5
2008-Q1 1482 3.6
2008-Q2 1432 3.5
2008-Q3 1474 3.6
2008-Q4 1455 3.5
2009-Q1 1503 3.6
2009-Q2 1538 3.7
2009-Q3 1563 3.8
2009-Q4 1604 3.9
2010-Q1 1566 3.8
2010-Q2 1607 3.9
2010-Q3 1574 3.8
2010-Q4 1540 3.7
2011-Q1 1589 3.8
2011-Q2 1589 3.8
2011-Q3 1575 3.8
2011-Q4 1585 3.8
2012-Q1 1575 3.8
2012-Q2 1540 3.7
2012-Q3 1591 3.8
2012-Q4 1596 3.9
2013-Q1 1582 3.8
2013-Q2 1625 3.9
2013-Q3 1687 4.0
2013-Q4 1699 4.1
2014-Q1 1732 4.1
2014-Q2 1692 4.0
2014-Q3 1789 4.3
2014-Q4 1777 4.2
2015-Q1 1853 4.4
2015-Q2 1813 4.3
2015-Q3 1794 4.3
2015-Q4 1777 4.3
2016-Q1 1820 4.4
2016-Q2 1880 4.5
2016-Q3 1883 4.5
2016-Q4 1853 4.5
2017-Q1 1894 4.6
2017-Q2 1870 4.5
2017-Q3 1818 4.4
2017-Q4 1866 4.5
2018-Q1 1881 4.5
2018-Q2 1869 4.4
2018-Q3 1876 4.5
2018-Q4 1875 4.5
2019-Q1 1781 4.2
2019-Q2 1870 4.5
2019-Q3 1915 4.6
2019-Q4 1977 4.7
2020-Q1 2023 4.8
2020-Q2 2895 7.0
2020-Q3 1978 4.7
2020-Q4 2034 4.9
2021-Q1 2043 4.9
2021-Q2 2067 4.9

People in the halo of unemployment

  • Scope: population of people living in households in France excluding Mayotte, people aged 15 years or over
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

The long-term unemployment rate was virtually stable

Among the unemployed people, 0.7 million declared that they had been searching a job for at least one year. The long-term unemployment rate stood at 2.4% of the active population in Q2 2021. It was virtually stable (–0.1 points) over the quarter, after a 0.4 points jump in Q1 2021. Thus it stood 0.2 points above its pre-crisis level at the end of 2019.

This virtual stability concealed marked differences by age: –0.7 points for people aged 15 to 24, –0.2 points for those aged 25 to 49 and +0.1 points for oldest people.

The employment rate increased over a quarter and returned to its pre-crisis level

On average in Q2 2021, the employment rate of people aged 15 to 64 increased by 0.3 points to 66.9%, after remaining stable at the beginning of 2021. It returned to its pre-crisis level (+0.1  points compared to the end of 2019) and stood at its highest level since INSEE began measuring it on a quarterly basis with the Labour Force Survey (2003).

The employment rate rose sharply for young people (+0.9 points), more moderately for intermediate aged people (+0.3 points) and oldest people (+0.1 points). Compared to their respective pre-crisis levels, the employment rate for young people was 1.2 points above, that of older people 0.6 points above, while that of people aged 25 to 49 was 0.4 points below.

Employment rate by age group

Employment rate by age group
15-24 years old (right scale) 25-49 years old (left scale) 50-64 years old (left scale)
2003-Q1 32.1 81.2 54.7
2003-Q2 31.2 81.2 54.3
2003-Q3 31.0 81.2 54.1
2003-Q4 30.6 81.3 54.1
2004-Q1 30.6 81.1 54.3
2004-Q2 30.4 81.5 54.0
2004-Q3 30.9 81.1 54.8
2004-Q4 30.7 81.1 55.0
2005-Q1 30.1 81.3 55.2
2005-Q2 31.2 81.2 54.9
2005-Q3 30.0 81.4 54.5
2005-Q4 30.4 81.3 54.0
2006-Q1 29.7 81.4 54.3
2006-Q2 30.0 81.6 54.0
2006-Q3 30.2 82.0 54.1
2006-Q4 30.0 82.1 54.6
2007-Q1 30.4 82.2 54.1
2007-Q2 30.7 82.4 54.3
2007-Q3 31.6 82.6 54.3
2007-Q4 32.0 83.1 54.2
2008-Q1 32.0 83.7 54.0
2008-Q2 31.3 83.8 54.0
2008-Q3 31.3 83.6 54.1
2008-Q4 31.3 83.5 54.6
2009-Q1 31.0 82.8 54.5
2009-Q2 30.7 82.3 54.8
2009-Q3 30.1 82.2 54.2
2009-Q4 30.0 82.0 54.2
2010-Q1 30.4 82.2 54.6
2010-Q2 30.2 82.1 54.9
2010-Q3 29.6 82.2 55.3
2010-Q4 30.1 81.9 55.1
2011-Q1 29.5 82.0 55.3
2011-Q2 29.9 81.8 55.3
2011-Q3 29.7 81.4 55.9
2011-Q4 29.1 81.3 56.6
2012-Q1 28.9 81.1 57.2
2012-Q2 28.6 81.0 57.7
2012-Q3 28.4 80.8 58.1
2012-Q4 28.2 80.8 58.6
2013-Q1 28.2 80.5 58.3
2013-Q2 28.2 80.7 58.4
2013-Q3 28.4 80.8 58.6
2013-Q4 28.6 80.6 58.8
2014-Q1 28.5 80.7 59.1
2014-Q2 28.1 80.5 59.5
2014-Q3 28.1 80.1 59.7
2014-Q4 27.7 80.2 60.1
2015-Q1 28.5 80.0 60.3
2015-Q2 28.3 79.9 60.6
2015-Q3 28.6 80.0 60.9
2015-Q4 28.5 80.1 60.8
2016-Q1 28.5 80.3 61.3
2016-Q2 28.5 80.2 61.4
2016-Q3 28.0 80.5 61.7
2016-Q4 28.6 80.2 61.6
2017-Q1 28.6 80.3 61.7
2017-Q2 28.9 80.9 62.4
2017-Q3 29.3 80.6 62.2
2017-Q4 29.8 81.0 63.0
2018-Q1 29.8 80.9 63.1
2018-Q2 29.9 81.0 63.1
2018-Q3 30.3 81.1 63.4
2018-Q4 30.9 81.2 63.4
2019-Q1 30.5 81.3 63.5
2019-Q2 30.0 81.3 63.7
2019-Q3 29.9 81.1 63.5
2019-Q4 29.9 82.0 64.5
2020-Q1 30.3 82.0 64.6
2020-Q2 26.5 80.2 64.2
2020-Q3 29.2 80.7 64.2
2020-Q4 29.6 81.5 64.9
2021-Q1 30.2 81.3 65.0
2021-Q2 31.1 81.6 65.1

Employment rate by age group

  • Scope: population of people living in households in France excluding Mayotte, people aged 15-64 years.
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey.

Underemployment fell sharply over a quarter, due to a drop in partial activity

In Q2 2021, the share of underemployment in employment fell by 0.7 points to 7.3%, after remaining almost stable (–0.1 points) in the previous quarter. It reached an exceptional peak in Q2 2020, at 15.8%, due to an unprecedented number of people in technical unemployment or partial activity during the first containment. By the end of 2020, it had risen again, more moderately, due to the second containment.

Underemployment exceeded its pre-crisis level (end of 2019) by 1.4 points. The increase came from people who had involuntarily worked less than usual (including temporary layoff and partial working). They represent 2.3% of people in employment in Q2 2021 compared to only 0.2% before the crisis.

In total, in Q2 2021, more than one out of five participants in the labour market (active or in the halo around unemployment) were constrained in their labour supply, either by the absence of a job (unemployed or halo around unemployment), or in a situation of underemployment. This share fell by 0.7 points over the quarter, to 20.1%, 1.3 points above its level at the end of 2019 but 8.8 points below its peak in Q2 2020.

From unemployment to labour market supply constraint: shares among participants (employment, unemployment, halo) in the labour market

From unemployment to labour market supply constraint: shares among participants (employment, unemployment, halo) in the labour market
Unemployment Unemployment + halo labour market supply constraint (unemployment + halo + underemployment)
2003-Q1 8.0 13.0 17.6
2003-Q2 8.1 13.0 17.5
2003-Q3 8.0 13.2 17.9
2003-Q4 8.3 13.5 18.6
2004-Q1 8.5 13.8 18.7
2004-Q2 8.3 13.6 18.6
2004-Q3 8.4 13.7 18.8
2004-Q4 8.5 13.6 18.7
2005-Q1 8.2 13.3 18.5
2005-Q2 8.4 13.4 18.4
2005-Q3 8.6 13.5 18.4
2005-Q4 8.6 13.6 18.5
2006-Q1 8.7 13.8 18.7
2006-Q2 8.5 13.6 18.6
2006-Q3 8.5 13.4 18.7
2006-Q4 7.9 13.2 18.4
2007-Q1 8.1 13.1 18.4
2007-Q2 7.7 12.8 18.1
2007-Q3 7.6 12.3 17.8
2007-Q4 7.2 11.9 17.5
2008-Q1 6.9 11.7 17.1
2008-Q2 7.0 11.7 17.3
2008-Q3 7.1 11.9 17.5
2008-Q4 7.4 12.1 18.0
2009-Q1 8.2 13.1 19.1
2009-Q2 8.8 13.7 19.8
2009-Q3 8.7 13.8 19.9
2009-Q4 9.1 14.2 20.5
2010-Q1 8.9 14.0 20.6
2010-Q2 8.8 14.0 20.2
2010-Q3 8.8 13.9 20.2
2010-Q4 8.8 13.7 20.2
2011-Q1 8.7 13.9 19.4
2011-Q2 8.7 13.8 19.7
2011-Q3 8.8 13.9 19.8
2011-Q4 8.9 14.0 20.0
2012-Q1 9.0 14.1 20.0
2012-Q2 9.3 14.2 20.3
2012-Q3 9.3 14.4 20.3
2012-Q4 9.7 14.8 20.7
2013-Q1 9.9 14.9 21.3
2013-Q2 10.0 15.2 21.2
2013-Q3 9.8 15.1 21.3
2013-Q4 9.7 15.0 21.1
2014-Q1 9.7 15.1 21.2
2014-Q2 9.7 15.0 21.0
2014-Q3 9.8 15.4 21.6
2014-Q4 9.9 15.5 21.7
2015-Q1 9.8 15.5 21.8
2015-Q2 10.0 15.6 22.0
2015-Q3 9.8 15.5 21.8
2015-Q4 9.7 15.3 21.7
2016-Q1 9.7 15.4 21.6
2016-Q2 9.5 15.4 21.7
2016-Q3 9.4 15.3 21.4
2016-Q4 9.5 15.3 21.3
2017-Q1 9.1 15.1 20.9
2017-Q2 9.0 14.9 20.7
2017-Q3 9.1 14.7 20.7
2017-Q4 8.5 14.3 19.7
2018-Q1 8.8 14.6 20.3
2018-Q2 8.6 14.4 20.0
2018-Q3 8.6 14.3 19.7
2018-Q4 8.3 14.0 19.5
2019-Q1 8.3 13.8 18.8
2019-Q2 8.0 13.8 18.8
2019-Q3 8.0 14.0 19.0
2019-Q4 7.7 13.8 18.8
2020-Q1 7.4 13.6 19.9
2020-Q2 6.6 15.6 28.9
2020-Q3 8.7 14.7 20.9
2020-Q4 7.6 13.8 20.8
2021-Q1 7.6 13.9 20.8
2021-Q2 7.5 13.8 20.1

From unemployment to labour market supply constraint: shares among participants (employment, unemployment, halo) in the labour market

  • Scope: France excluding Mayotte, people from households, aged 15 to 64.
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey.

In Q2 2021, the average number of hours worked fell by 1.0% to 30.6 hours per week, following a similar increase in Q1. After an unprecedented low in Q2 2020 (–12.6%), this number rebounded (+19.8%) in Q3 2020. However, in Q1 2021, it was still below its pre-crisis level (by –2.2% compared to the end of 2019).

Average number of worked hours per week and job

Average number of worked hours per week and job
2014-Q1 30.8
2014-Q2 30.8
2014-Q3 31.1
2014-Q4 31.6
2015-Q1 30.6
2015-Q2 31.0
2015-Q3 31.1
2015-Q4 30.6
2016-Q1 31.7
2016-Q2 32.1
2016-Q3 31.3
2016-Q4 31.0
2017-Q1 32.0
2017-Q2 31.2
2017-Q3 30.8
2017-Q4 31.6
2018-Q1 31.3
2018-Q2 31.0
2018-Q3 31.4
2018-Q4 31.5
2019-Q1 31.3
2019-Q2 31.4
2019-Q3 31.5
2019-Q4 31.3
2020-Q1 29.4
2020-Q2 25.7
2020-Q3 30.8
2020-Q4 30.6
2021-Q1 30.9
2021-Q2 30.6

Average number of worked hours per week and job

  • Scope: France excluding Mayotte, employed people from households, aged 15 to 64.
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey.

Full-time employment rate increased while part-time employment rate was virtually stable

The full-time employment rate stood at 55.2% in Q2 2021. It grew by 0.4 points over the quarter and by 0.5 points compared to its pre-crisis level. In contrast, the part-time employment rate was virtually stable over the quarter (–0.1 points), at 11.7%. It was 0.5 points lower than its end of 2019 level. As a result, the proportion of part-time employment was virtually stable (–0.1 points) over the quarter, at 18.2%, 0.6 points below its level at the end of 2019.

ILO employment rate in the population aged 15-64 years

Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter
ILO employment rate in the population aged 15-64 years (Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter)
% of people in the age group Variation in points from
2021Q1 2021Q2 2021Q1 2020Q2 2019Q4
Employed people 66.6 66.9 0.3 1.7 0.1
by sex
Men 69.3 69.8 0.5 2.2 0.5
Women 63.9 64.1 0.2 1.3 -0.4
by age
15-24 years 30.2 31.1 0.9 4.6 1.2
25-49 years 81.3 81.6 0.3 1.4 -0.4
50-64 years 65.0 65.1 0.1 0.9 0.6
Included : 55-64 years 55.9 55.7 -0.2 0.8 0.3
by type of employment contract
Permanent employment 50.2 50.2 0.0 0.6 0.3
Fixed-term and temporary employment 6.2 6.4 0.2 0.8 -0.4
Other types of employment 10.2 10.3 0.1 0.4 0.2
by contractual working time
Full-time employment 54.8 55.2 0.4 1.6 0.5
Part-time employment 11.8 11.7 -0.1 0.2 -0.5
Full-time equivalent employment rate 61.8 62.2 0.4 1.6 0.3
  • Scope: people living in ordinary housings, aged 15 to 64 years, in France excluding Mayotte
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

Fixed-term or temporary employment rate remained below its pre-crisis level

The permanent employment rate for people aged 15 to 64 was stable in Q2 2021, at 50.2%. It stood 0.3 points above its level at the end of 2019. The rate of employment on fixed-term contract or temporary work increased by 0.2 points over the quarter to 6.4%, after remaining stable in the previous quarter. After an unprecedented fall in Q2 2020, it had partially recovered in Q3. Thus, in Q2 2021, it was 0.4 points below its pre-crisis level and 0.9 points below its highest level at the end of 2017.

The activity rate went up over the quarter, virtually back to its pre-crisis level

The activity rate of people aged 15 to 64 went up by 0.2 points quarter-to-quarter, to 72.7%, after being virtually stable in the previous quarter (+0.1 points). It fell by 2.3 points in Q2 2020, during the first containment, then recovered in the third quarter. This decline was the result of people withdrawing from the labour market into inactivity, in particular by ceasing their job search due to sanitary restrictions. At the end of 2020, it fell slightly again (–0.2 points), during the second containment.

In total, the activity rate was virtually back (–0.1 points) to its level before the health crisis at the end of 2019. Compared to the end of 2019, the participation rate decreased by 0.6 points for women but increased by 0.3 points for men.

Over the quarter, the activity rate rose sharply for young people (+0.8 points), more moderately for those aged 50 to 64 (+0.3 points) and was stable for those aged 25 to 49. Compared to the end of 2019, it was clearly above for young people (+0.8 points) and those aged 50 to 64 (+0.7 points), but lower for 25-49 year old people (–0.6 points).

ILO activity rate in the population aged 15-64 years

Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter
ILO activity rate in the population aged 15-64 years (Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter)
% of people in the age group Variation in points over
2021Q1 2021Q2 2021Q1 2020Q2 2019Q4
Active people 72.5 72.7 0.2 2.5 -0.1
by sex
Men 75.7 75.9 0.2 2.8 0.3
Women 69.4 69.6 0.2 2.1 -0.6
by age
15-24 years 38.0 38.8 0.8 4.5 0.8
25-49 years 87.8 87.8 0.0 2.2 -0.6
50-64 years 68.9 69.2 0.3 2.0 0.7
Included : 55-64 years 59.3 59.5 0.2 2.0 0.3
  • Scope: people living in ordinary housings, aged 15 to 64 years, in France excluding Mayotte
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

The share of young people neither in employment nor in education or training went down but remained above its pre-crisis level

In Q2 2021, the share of young people aged 15 to 29 neither in employment nor in education or training (NEET) went down by 0.3 percentage points to 12.8%, due to an improvement in youth employment, after a 0.3 points increase in the previous quarter. It stood 0.5 percentage points above its pre-crisis level.

Share of people aged 15 to 29 neither in employment nor in education or training (NEET)

Share of people aged 15 to 29 neither in employment nor in education or training (NEET)
2014-Q1 13.6
2014-Q2 13.3
2014-Q3 13.6
2014-Q4 13.7
2015-Q1 14.0
2015-Q2 14.0
2015-Q3 14.1
2015-Q4 14.2
2016-Q1 13.8
2016-Q2 13.8
2016-Q3 13.5
2016-Q4 13.9
2017-Q1 13.3
2017-Q2 13.7
2017-Q3 13.2
2017-Q4 13.0
2018-Q1 13.2
2018-Q2 13.0
2018-Q3 13.2
2018-Q4 12.8
2019-Q1 12.5
2019-Q2 12.5
2019-Q3 12.6
2019-Q4 12.3
2020-Q1 12.5
2020-Q2 15.6
2020-Q3 13.2
2020-Q4 12.8
2021-Q1 13.1
2021-Q2 12.8

Share of people aged 15 to 29 neither in employment nor in education or training (NEET)

  • Scope: France excluding Mayotte, people from households, aged 15 to 29.
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey.

Revisions and next estimate

Compared to the first estimate published on June 29, 2021, the unemployment rate for the first quarter of 2021 was unchanged at 8.1%.

The employment rate and activity rate of people aged 15 to 64 were revised upwards by 0.1 points to respectively 66.6% and 72.5%, due to the updating of seasonal adjustment coefficients.

The next publication, relative to Q3 2021, is scheduled for 19 November 2021 at 7:30 am.

For further information

An unemployed person according to the International Labour Office (ILO) is someone aged 15 or more who is not employed during the reference week, is available to work within two weeks and looked actively for a job in the previous month (or has found a job beginning in less than three months).

A NEET (neither in employment nor in education or training) person who is not in employment, education or training (formal or non-formal).

Pour en savoir plus

An unemployed person according to the International Labour Office (ILO) is someone aged 15 or more who is not employed during the reference week, is available to work within two weeks and looked actively for a job in the previous month (or has found a job beginning in less than three months).

A NEET (neither in employment nor in education or training) person who is not in employment, education or training (formal or non-formal).

: bureau-de-presse@insee.fr
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