Insee
Informations rapides · 15 January 2021 · n° 008
Informations rapidesFall back in business births in December 2020Enterprise births - December 2020

In December 2020, the number of business births for all enterprises fell back (–4.2% after +0.5% in November seasonally and working-day adjusted).

Informations rapides
No 008
Paru le : Paru le 15/01/2021
Prochaine parution le : 12/03/2021 at 08:45 - February 2021

In December 2020, the number of business births for all enterprises fell back (–4.2% after +0.5% in November seasonally and working-day adjusted).

Business monthly start-ups (SA-WDA*)

Business monthly start-ups (SA-WDA*) ()
Total of entreprise start-ups
2009-01 34423
2009-02 40967
2009-03 48193
2009-04 49444
2009-05 52730
2009-06 50058
2009-07 49663
2009-08 49916
2009-09 49268
2009-10 50714
2009-11 52036
2009-12 54730
2010-01 54042
2010-02 55128
2010-03 57134
2010-04 52798
2010-05 52285
2010-06 45695
2010-07 50205
2010-08 50402
2010-09 49895
2010-10 52981
2010-11 50343
2010-12 45598
2011-01 44347
2011-02 45518
2011-03 44003
2011-04 45303
2011-05 44838
2011-06 44965
2011-07 47276
2011-08 45082
2011-09 46547
2011-10 44737
2011-11 48950
2011-12 46977
2012-01 46603
2012-02 45189
2012-03 46970
2012-04 45864
2012-05 45524
2012-06 46986
2012-07 46836
2012-08 47705
2012-09 45176
2012-10 46112
2012-11 43709
2012-12 44381
2013-01 44348
2013-02 45105
2013-03 45127
2013-04 44837
2013-05 46075
2013-06 44875
2013-07 44161
2013-08 44188
2013-09 45488
2013-10 45456
2013-11 45723
2013-12 45790
2014-01 46368
2014-02 45845
2014-03 45444
2014-04 46070
2014-05 45515
2014-06 45351
2014-07 46621
2014-08 46921
2014-09 45678
2014-10 45534
2014-11 46331
2014-12 46475
2015-01 42369
2015-02 43475
2015-03 44294
2015-04 43640
2015-05 43029
2015-06 44032
2015-07 43522
2015-08 43709
2015-09 44312
2015-10 44280
2015-11 44297
2015-12 44337
2016-01 45853
2016-02 45536
2016-03 45176
2016-04 46914
2016-05 47428
2016-06 45972
2016-07 45866
2016-08 45896
2016-09 47286
2016-10 44792
2016-11 46890
2016-12 45706
2017-01 46407
2017-02 46387
2017-03 47498
2017-04 47135
2017-05 47430
2017-06 48521
2017-07 51555
2017-08 50044
2017-09 49887
2017-10 51036
2017-11 54502
2017-12 53929
2018-01 54680
2018-02 55589
2018-03 56115
2018-04 56511
2018-05 59758
2018-06 58698
2018-07 56690
2018-08 58955
2018-09 59185
2018-10 61164
2018-11 58539
2018-12 58745
2019-01 65867
2019-02 66075
2019-03 67586
2019-04 66534
2019-05 66379
2019-06 68311
2019-07 67337
2019-08 67515
2019-09 70199
2019-10 70094
2019-11 73259
2019-12 72657
2020-01 71408
2020-02 69797
2020-03 51772
2020-04 34410
2020-05 54844
2020-06 75482
2020-07 82223
2020-08 82187
2020-09 84130
2020-10 83806
2020-11 84233
2020-12 80691
  • *Seasonally and working-day adjusted data

Business monthly start-ups (SA-WDA*)

  • *Seasonally and working-day adjusted data
  • Source: INSEE, REE (Sirene)

Business set-ups by month (SA-WDA *)

Business set-ups by month (SA-WDA *)
Sep-20 Oct-20 Nov-20 Dec-20
Total businesses set-ups 84,130 83,806 84,233 80,691
Variation [m-o-m] % 2.4 -0.4 0.5 -4.2
  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data
  • Source : Insee, REE (SIRENE)

Fall back in business births in transportation and construction

In December 2020, the decrease in business births was the highest in transport and storage activities (–10.7%), especially for other postal and mail activities, and in construction activities (–10.2%). However, the number of business births increased in industrial activities (+13.0%), especially for manufacturing industry activities

Increase in business births over the three last months

The raw number of business births totted up during the last three months (October to December) increased in comparison with the same months in 2019 (+16.3%). Transportation and storage activities was the sector that contributed the most to the overall rise (+13,100 business births, which comes to a contribution of +6.1 points)*. Within it, the strongest increase was in business and other postal and mail activities (+13,600 business births over the last three months). This upsurge is mainly due to the development in home delivery.

The raw number of business births in 2020 went up compared to 2019 (+4.0%). Sole proprietorships’ births increased sharply (+5.6%) while companies’ births declined slightly (–0.2%).

* The contribution of a sector to the overall variation is the variation observed in this sector, weighted by the share of this sector in the total number of births.

Cumulated business start-ups by type

Raw data
Cumulated business start-ups by type (Raw data)
Moving total % change * Moving total
over 3 months over 12 months January-December 2020 January-December 2019
Total 16.3 4.0 848,164 815,257
Companies 14.8 -0.2 218,054 218,426
Sole proprietorships 16.8 5.6 630,110 596,831
  • *Total of business start-ups during the last 3 or 12 months compared with the same months a year earlier
  • Source : Insee, REE (SIRENE)

Nearly three business births out of four are sole prietorships registrations

In December 2020, in raw data, the share of sole proprietorships in the businesses births over the last twelve months decreased slightly to 74.7%.

Business set-ups distribution by type

% over the twelve last months (raw data)
Business set-ups distribution by type (% over the twelve last months (raw data))
Oct.20 Nov.20 Dec.20
Companies 25.7 25.3 25.7
Sole proprietorships 74.3 74.7 74.3
  • Source : Insee, REE (SIRENE)

Revisions

The variation in the overall number of business births in November 2020 has been lowered by 0.4 points to +0.5% instead of +0.9%, due to the revision of raw data and the update of the SA-WDA parameters.

Trade and business support activities monthly start-ups (SA-WDA*)

Trade and business support activities monthly start-ups (SA-WDA*) ()
Trade Business support activities
2009-01 8954 5981
2009-02 9688 7795
2009-03 10545 11132
2009-04 10832 11014
2009-05 11730 11493
2009-06 10884 11119
2009-07 11252 10939
2009-08 11004 10917
2009-09 11037 10910
2009-10 11244 11033
2009-11 11224 11429
2009-12 11705 11572
2010-01 11618 11715
2010-02 11627 11759
2010-03 11802 13337
2010-04 11021 11728
2010-05 11075 11557
2010-06 9892 9918
2010-07 10334 11292
2010-08 10679 10859
2010-09 10715 10953
2010-10 10809 11811
2010-11 10266 11376
2010-12 9517 9639
2011-01 9525 9480
2011-02 9783 9614
2011-03 9275 9380
2011-04 9816 9504
2011-05 9413 9544
2011-06 9612 9613
2011-07 9985 10463
2011-08 9361 9546
2011-09 10028 9643
2011-10 9224 9296
2011-11 9776 10953
2011-12 9771 9598
2012-01 9728 9668
2012-02 9187 9283
2012-03 9402 9898
2012-04 9252 9558
2012-05 9427 9551
2012-06 9562 9558
2012-07 9401 9692
2012-08 9668 10090
2012-09 9279 9314
2012-10 9503 9622
2012-11 9188 9229
2012-12 9344 9296
2013-01 9055 9209
2013-02 9103 9371
2013-03 9191 9345
2013-04 9149 9401
2013-05 9346 9468
2013-06 9197 9368
2013-07 9254 9226
2013-08 9189 9246
2013-09 9341 9470
2013-10 9174 9547
2013-11 9116 9721
2013-12 9038 9489
2014-01 9187 9726
2014-02 8965 9686
2014-03 9082 9623
2014-04 9131 9826
2014-05 9161 9719
2014-06 8756 9758
2014-07 9195 9941
2014-08 9124 10170
2014-09 8810 9959
2014-10 8971 9675
2014-11 8942 9685
2014-12 9010 9758
2015-01 8012 9148
2015-02 8260 9602
2015-03 8312 9608
2015-04 8246 9495
2015-05 8181 9466
2015-06 8311 9575
2015-07 8132 9653
2015-08 8091 9773
2015-09 8174 9633
2015-10 8106 9840
2015-11 8051 9802
2015-12 7830 9989
2016-01 8333 10141
2016-02 8279 10292
2016-03 8050 10156
2016-04 8300 10534
2016-05 8388 10682
2016-06 7978 10303
2016-07 7863 10374
2016-08 7908 10577
2016-09 8459 10699
2016-10 7517 10018
2016-11 8113 10821
2016-12 7778 10221
2017-01 7662 10639
2017-02 7658 10730
2017-03 7813 11033
2017-04 7887 10984
2017-05 7880 11353
2017-06 8110 11619
2017-07 8442 12622
2017-08 8592 11931
2017-09 8532 11835
2017-10 8913 11879
2017-11 8855 13432
2017-12 8940 12146
2018-01 8824 13245
2018-02 8836 13478
2018-03 8772 13643
2018-04 8641 13494
2018-05 9146 14239
2018-06 9039 14017
2018-07 8824 13759
2018-08 8985 13776
2018-09 9288 13736
2018-10 9469 14866
2018-11 9090 13490
2018-12 9003 13497
2019-01 9601 16378
2019-02 9989 15922
2019-03 9915 16219
2019-04 9681 16172
2019-05 9670 16208
2019-06 9836 16455
2019-07 9982 16796
2019-08 10031 15715
2019-09 10242 17068
2019-10 10225 17251
2019-11 10659 17534
2019-12 10151 16711
2020-01 10480 17207
2020-02 10340 15910
2020-03 6718 13616
2020-04 4772 9406
2020-05 8953 13469
2020-06 11558 17086
2020-07 13820 17399
2020-08 13456 17486
2020-09 13330 18186
2020-10 13552 18483
2020-11 13126 18473
2020-12 12478 17310
  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data

Trade and business support activities monthly start-ups (SA-WDA*)

  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data
  • Source: INSEE, REE (Sirene)

Construction and transportation business monthly set-ups (SA-WDA*)

Construction and transportation business monthly set-ups (SA-WDA*) ()
Construction Transportation and storage
2009-01 4746 618
2009-02 5949 673
2009-03 6249 677
2009-04 6570 714
2009-05 6863 757
2009-06 6922 728
2009-07 6991 711
2009-08 7036 719
2009-09 6981 672
2009-10 7333 735
2009-11 7547 679
2009-12 8063 732
2010-01 7955 842
2010-02 8574 811
2010-03 8366 881
2010-04 7909 797
2010-05 7578 810
2010-06 6449 742
2010-07 7455 778
2010-08 7372 765
2010-09 7486 814
2010-10 7902 814
2010-11 7392 778
2010-12 6744 771
2011-01 6431 779
2011-02 6798 764
2011-03 6590 782
2011-04 6772 805
2011-05 6741 767
2011-06 6554 771
2011-07 6790 777
2011-08 6919 892
2011-09 6874 794
2011-10 6875 805
2011-11 7124 771
2011-12 7072 767
2012-01 7103 772
2012-02 6918 776
2012-03 7216 798
2012-04 7135 794
2012-05 6652 794
2012-06 7328 865
2012-07 7350 898
2012-08 7373 890
2012-09 7108 789
2012-10 6962 836
2012-11 6546 807
2012-12 6585 815
2013-01 6521 834
2013-02 6593 904
2013-03 6700 893
2013-04 6630 799
2013-05 6938 963
2013-06 6588 930
2013-07 6473 924
2013-08 6411 889
2013-09 6458 977
2013-10 6634 937
2013-11 6642 958
2013-12 6928 1023
2014-01 6879 1083
2014-02 6960 1105
2014-03 6609 1040
2014-04 6623 1056
2014-05 6179 1029
2014-06 6352 1081
2014-07 6344 1194
2014-08 6207 1313
2014-09 6072 1167
2014-10 6051 1238
2014-11 6024 2261
2014-12 5927 1323
2015-01 5438 1089
2015-02 5357 1212
2015-03 5642 1907
2015-04 5353 1655
2015-05 5299 1421
2015-06 5360 1569
2015-07 5223 1649
2015-08 5213 1775
2015-09 5466 2054
2015-10 5193 2321
2015-11 5188 2337
2015-12 5112 2499
2016-01 5380 2379
2016-02 5243 2411
2016-03 5066 2466
2016-04 5425 2720
2016-05 5261 2934
2016-06 5148 2946
2016-07 5129 3008
2016-08 5049 2700
2016-09 5091 3157
2016-10 4864 3050
2016-11 4824 2914
2016-12 4887 2967
2017-01 4963 3177
2017-02 4924 3398
2017-03 4980 3362
2017-04 4957 3068
2017-05 4950 3194
2017-06 4913 3323
2017-07 5269 3526
2017-08 5026 3485
2017-09 5000 3207
2017-10 5359 3473
2017-11 5492 4347
2017-12 5513 4609
2018-01 5213 4738
2018-02 5555 4589
2018-03 5631 4947
2018-04 5604 5568
2018-05 5678 6326
2018-06 5720 6054
2018-07 5445 5978
2018-08 5728 6634
2018-09 5659 6332
2018-10 5709 6567
2018-11 5731 6805
2018-12 5901 6633
2019-01 5994 7046
2019-02 6069 7522
2019-03 6218 8068
2019-04 6162 7314
2019-05 6427 7181
2019-06 6842 7198
2019-07 6881 6402
2019-08 6907 6702
2019-09 6971 6760
2019-10 6927 6878
2019-11 7934 6220
2019-12 7062 6158
2020-01 7073 6396
2020-02 7197 6124
2020-03 4822 4636
2020-04 2958 2891
2020-05 4643 6415
2020-06 7004 11067
2020-07 7597 11253
2020-08 7974 11111
2020-09 7682 11189
2020-10 7743 11045
2020-11 8948 10831
2020-12 8038 9669
  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data

Construction and transportation business monthly set-ups (SA-WDA*)

  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data
  • Source: INSEE, REE (Sirene)

Number of monthly business set-ups

SA-WDA *
Number of monthly business set-ups (SA-WDA *)
NA Oct.20 Nov.20 Dec.20
Total 83,806 84,233 80,691
Industry BE 3,751 4,060 4,586
Of which Manufacturing C 3,374 3,666 4,049
Construction FZ 7,743 8,948 8,038
Wholesale and retail trade, Transport, Accommodation and Food and beverage activities GI 29,079 28,434 26,683
Trade G 13,552 13,126 12,478
Transportation and storage H 11,045 10,831 9,669
Accommodation and food service activities I 4,482 4,477 4,536
Information and communication JZ 3,897 4,215 4,224
Financial and insurance activities KZ 2,026 2,052 1,976
Real estate activities LZ 3,713 3,374 3,406
Business support activities MN 18,483 18,473 17,310
Public administration and defence, education, human health and social work activities OQ 7,255 7,237 7,054
Other services activities RS 7,859 7,439 7,415
  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data
  • Source : Insee, REE (SIRENE)

Fluctuation in the number of business set-ups

In %
Fluctuation in the number of business set-ups (In %)
NA Dec.20/Nov.20 Moving total % change**
SA-WDA * over 3 months over 12 months
Total -4.2 16.3 4.0
Industry BE 13.0 12.2 5.2
Of which Manufacturing C 10.5 11.1 7.7
Construction FZ -10.2 13.0 1.5
Wholesale and retail trade, Transport, Accommodation and Food and beverage activities GI -6.2 40.5 12.2
Trade G -4.9 26.6 9.3
Transportation and storage H -10.7 66.8 21.7
Accommodation and food service activities I 1.3 29.9 1.0
Information and communication JZ 0.2 10.5 3.7
Financial and insurance activities KZ -3.7 13.3 5.2
Real estate activities LZ 0.9 22.3 10.3
Business support activities MN -6.3 6.2 -1.7
Public administration and defence, education, human health and social work activities OQ -2.5 2.8 -3.7
Other services activities RS -0.3 -3.9 1.2
  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data
  • ** Total of business start-ups during the last 3 or 12 months compared with the same months a year earlier
  • Source : Insee, REE (SIRENE)

For further information

The business births data are build from the Register of Enterprises and Establishments (REE), from Sirene register information. The definition of creation adopted by INSEE is based on the concept defined by EUROSTAT, to harmonize and compare European data.

The appearance of a legal operating unit with no predecessor is considered to be a newly created enterprise by Eurostat. This concept of creation relies on new production resources. The business start-up statistics include applications for start-ups as micro-entrepreneurs, starting from the data relating to January 2009. Since this date, sole proprietorships excluding self-managed micro-entrepreneurs are called conventional sole proprietorships and start-ups excluding self-managed micro-entrepreneurs are called conventional businesses.

Otherwise, as it was indicated in September, Insee has identified an error related to the sharing of births between conventional sole proprietorships and self-managed micro-entrepreneurs (without affecting the total number of births and the breakdown between companies and sole proprietorships). Actions have been taken to ensure proper monitoring of micro-entrepreneurs’ registrations very soon, with correction of time series since January 2015. Until then, the sharing of business births between micro-entrepreneurs and conventional sole proprietorships will no longer be disseminated. Learn more [link to press release].

Additional informations (time series) are available at the bottom of this page.

Next issue: 17 February 2021 at 8:45am

The business births data are build from the Register of Enterprises and Establishments (REE), from Sirene register information. The definition of creation adopted by INSEE is based on the concept defined by EUROSTAT, to harmonize and compare European data.

The appearance of a legal operating unit with no predecessor is considered to be a newly created enterprise by Eurostat. This concept of creation relies on new production resources. The business start-up statistics include applications for start-ups as micro-entrepreneurs, starting from the data relating to January 2009. Since this date, sole proprietorships excluding self-managed micro-entrepreneurs are called conventional sole proprietorships and start-ups excluding self-managed micro-entrepreneurs are called conventional businesses.

Otherwise, as it was indicated in September, Insee has identified an error related to the sharing of births between conventional sole proprietorships and self-managed micro-entrepreneurs (without affecting the total number of births and the breakdown between companies and sole proprietorships). Actions have been taken to ensure proper monitoring of micro-entrepreneurs’ registrations very soon, with correction of time series since January 2015. Until then, the sharing of business births between micro-entrepreneurs and conventional sole proprietorships will no longer be disseminated. Learn more [link to press release].

Additional informations (time series) are available at the bottom of this page.

Next issue: 17 February 2021 at 8:45am


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