10 June 2020
N° 2020-144

In April 2020, manufacturing output slumped sharply again (−21.9%)Industrial production index - April 2020

In April 2020, output plummeted sharply again in the manufacturing industry (−21.9%, after −18.3%), as well as in the whole industry (−20.1%, after −16.2%). Compared to February (the last month before the start of the general lockdown), output fell by 36.2% in manufacturing and 33.1% in the whole industry.

Informations rapides
No 144
Paru le : Paru le 10/06/2020
Prochaine parution le : 10/07/2020 at 08:45 - May 2020
Informations rapides  No 144 - June 2020
Please note:

Given the context of the general lockdown between17 March and 10 May, response rates for business survey about April 2020 (collected during May) are lower than usual. Therefore, the results presented here might be more revised than usually in the next publication, which will take into account the answers delivered late. Then, the data on which INSEE usually relies to compile the construction production index could not be processed for both March and April. In order to produce an estimation, INSEE and the statistical service of the Ministry of Ecological and Inclusive Transition (SDES) relied on auxiliary data. The treatments implemented are explained in the methodological note referenced in the “Documentation” section.

All series are seasonally (SA) and working-day adjusted (WDA).

The commentary shows variations of subsections by decreasing contribution. The contribution of a subsection depends on the extent of the change and on its weight.

The treatments implemented for March 2020 are explained in the methodological note referenced in the documentation section.

In April 2020, output plummeted sharply again in the manufacturing industry (−21.9%, after −18.3%), as well as in the whole industry (−20.1%, after −16.2%). Compared to February (the last month before the start of the general lockdown), output fell by 36.2% in manufacturing and 33.1% in the whole industry.

Manufacturing output plunged over the last three months (−17.4%)

Over the last three months, manufacturing output declined markedly in manufacturing industry (−17.4%), as well as in the whole industry (−15.8%).

Over this period, output slumped in the manufacture of transport equipment (−34.1%). It plunged in the manufacture of machinery and equipment goods (−19.1%), in “other manufacturing”(−17.1%) and in the manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products (−19.2%). It decreased more moderately in mining and quarrying, energy, water supply (−6.4%) and in the manufacture of food products and beverages (−3.7%).

Monthly Industrial Production Indices

Monthly Industrial Production Indices ()
(C1) (C3) (C4) (C5) CZ
2014-01 99.11 99.51 96.23 98.2 98.24
2014-02 100.61 102.36 97.35 100.19 100.09
2014-03 98.17 101.84 97.64 99.58 99.38
2014-04 100.46 99.57 98.03 99.98 99.67
2014-05 98.69 96.13 92.96 96.77 96.39
2014-06 98.9 100.21 99.67 98.89 99.11
2014-07 99.5 102.08 103.16 99.48 100.31
2014-08 98.61 94.84 98.09 98.84 98.09
2014-09 99.86 98.7 97.11 99.62 99.17
2014-10 98.64 97.57 97.57 98.0 97.97
2014-11 97.31 97.59 91.1 97.55 96.62
2014-12 98.93 103.17 97.6 98.72 99.28
2015-01 98.93 98.35 98.44 99.27 99.0
2015-02 97.97 97.1 102.81 99.31 99.33
2015-03 100.18 98.68 100.33 99.59 99.85
2015-04 99.83 99.67 97.66 99.93 99.59
2015-05 100.43 102.96 99.65 100.43 100.68
2015-06 100.79 102.78 100.32 99.55 100.22
2015-07 100.65 96.7 96.54 99.26 98.66
2015-08 99.98 99.82 103.23 99.54 100.03
2015-09 100.91 104.39 102.59 100.21 101.31
2015-10 100.3 102.11 102.27 99.94 100.69
2015-11 99.72 98.58 97.05 100.55 99.63
2015-12 100.32 98.88 99.09 102.42 101.02
2016-01 100.85 100.11 107.39 102.46 102.5
2016-02 99.8 100.83 105.55 99.53 100.6
2016-03 99.88 98.59 102.66 99.32 99.81
2016-04 98.39 98.9 108.19 100.22 100.87
2016-05 97.67 98.95 103.19 100.47 99.94
2016-06 97.52 96.9 105.03 99.33 99.14
2016-07 99.07 97.37 100.48 100.0 99.55
2016-08 100.03 101.15 105.09 101.25 101.54
2016-09 100.39 100.02 101.75 100.32 100.46
2016-10 99.14 96.96 104.84 98.53 99.32
2016-11 100.01 102.0 104.5 102.47 102.4
2016-12 99.55 101.1 103.92 100.55 100.99
2017-01 97.59 99.07 106.52 100.58 100.61
2017-02 98.9 101.54 103.62 101.13 101.01
2017-03 98.86 102.49 109.17 102.58 102.73
2017-04 98.44 102.56 103.44 102.23 101.8
2017-05 99.55 106.2 109.41 103.6 104.05
2017-06 99.1 103.76 106.11 103.4 103.13
2017-07 99.77 104.44 109.49 103.51 103.74
2017-08 100.35 103.11 114.06 102.76 103.85
2017-09 99.61 103.34 112.45 104.05 104.25
2017-10 99.2 107.53 112.95 105.6 105.7
2017-11 99.87 103.63 113.42 105.73 105.46
2017-12 98.9 108.14 113.22 106.86 106.47
2018-01 98.21 104.67 113.23 103.11 103.78
2018-02 97.9 103.11 107.49 102.73 102.55
2018-03 99.06 105.62 107.11 105.03 104.27
2018-04 98.79 101.55 113.61 104.71 104.2
2018-05 99.29 102.62 109.58 103.01 102.78
2018-06 98.46 102.38 114.22 104.95 104.56
2018-07 98.15 104.24 116.6 103.72 104.41
2018-08 99.09 104.82 114.56 105.21 105.24
2018-09 97.32 101.96 111.87 104.26 103.7
2018-10 98.3 105.65 111.25 104.96 104.69
2018-11 97.1 103.06 112.33 104.23 103.73
2018-12 98.31 102.25 120.18 104.79 105.16
2019-01 99.4 106.8 114.9 105.24 105.63
2019-02 97.93 105.22 115.15 106.08 105.64
2019-03 97.42 107.73 114.8 105.21 105.35
2019-04 98.96 110.42 111.25 104.86 105.33
2019-05 98.62 107.57 115.24 107.23 106.66
2019-06 97.89 105.21 110.72 104.41 103.92
2019-07 97.27 104.91 112.49 105.12 104.46
2019-08 96.84 101.7 113.62 104.02 103.52
2019-09 98.29 105.76 111.64 105.08 104.48
2019-10 97.74 103.75 110.46 106.94 104.83
2019-11 98.11 103.82 112.59 104.85 104.03
2019-12 97.46 99.18 108.97 103.28 101.96
2020-01 97.74 103.63 105.99 104.56 102.88
2020-02 98.59 104.05 108.43 105.33 103.85
2020-03 94.82 82.18 70.52 86.65 84.86
2020-04 88.94 61.97 36.99 67.33 66.28
  • Legend: CZ: Manufacturing - (C1): Manufacture of food products and beverages - (C3): Machinery and equipment goods - (C4): Manufacture of transport equipment - (C5): Other manufacturing.

Monthly Industrial Production Indices

  • Legend: CZ: Manufacturing - (C1): Manufacture of food products and beverages - (C3): Machinery and equipment goods - (C4): Manufacture of transport equipment - (C5): Other manufacturing.
  • Sources: INSEE, SSP, SDES

Over a year, manufacturing output went also down (−19.4%)

In the manufacturing industry, cumulative output over the last three months declined sharply compared to the same months a year ago (−19.4%), as well as in the whole industry (−17.7%).

Over a year, output plummeted in the manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products (−44.2%). It fell markedly in “other manufacturing” (−18.0%), in the manufacture of transport equipment (−36.7%) and in the manufacture of machinery and equipment goods (−23.2%). It declined more moderately in mining and quarrying, energy, water supply (−8.1%) and in the manufacture of food products and beverages (−4.1%).

Variation in the Industrial Production

2015 based, SA–WDA changes in %
Variation in the Industrial Production (2015 based, SA–WDA changes in %)
NA : A10, (A17) April / March March / Feb. Q–o–Q change (1) Year–on–year change (2)
BE: INDUSTRY –20.1 –16.2 –15.8 –17.7
CZ: Manufacturing –21.9 –18.3 –17.4 –19.4
(C1): Manufacture of food products and beverages –6.2 –3.8 –3.7 –4.1
(C2): Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products 9.0 –30.5 –19.2 –44.2
(C3): Machinery and equipment goods –24.6 –21.0 –19.1 –23.2
(C4): Manufacture of transport equipment –47.5 –35.0 –34.1 –36.7
(C5): Other manufacturing –22.3 –17.7 –17.1 –18.0
DE: Mining and quarrying; energy; water supply; waste management –11.2 –3.8 –6.4 –8.1
FZ: CONSTRUCTION –32.7 –42.2 –34.8 –36.3
  • The codes correspond to the level of aggregation A 10 (A 17) of the "NA" aggregated classification based on the French classification of activities NAF rev.2.
  • (1) Last three months / previous three months
  • (2) Last three months / same three months of previous year
  • // Not available
  • Sources : Insee, SSP, SDES

In April 2020, output plummeted markedly in most branches of industry

In April, output plummeted in the manufacture of transport equipment (−47.5% after −35.0%), particularly in the manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi−trailers (−88.0% after −45.1%). Output decreased strongly again in “other manufacturing” (−22.3% after −17.7%) and in the manufacture of machinery and equipment goods (−24.6% after −21.0%). It declined more moderately in mining and quarrying, energy, water supply (−11.2% after −3.8%) and in the manufacture of food products and beverages (−6.2% after −3.8%). In this last section, such activities like processing and preserving of fruit and vegetables increased. Conversely, output bounced back in the manufacture of coke and refined petroleum (+9.0% after −30.5%), because of the restart of a refinery which was stopped for maintenance in March.

Compared to February, output plunged sharply in the manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi−trailers (−93.4%), in the manufacture of rubber and plastics products, and other non metallic mineral product (−54.4%), in the manufacture of textiles, wearing apparel, leather and related products (−52.1%) and in the manufacture of basic metals and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment (−50.8%). Conversely, output decreased more moderately in pharmaceuticals (−1.8%) and in the manufacture of food products and beverages (−9.8%). In addition, although down sharply, output held up better in chemicals (−22.3%).

Variation in the Industrial Production

2015 based, SA–WDA changes in %
Variation in the Industrial Production (2015 based, SA–WDA changes in %)
NA : A10, (A17), [A38 or A64] April 2020 April / March March / Feb. April / Feb.
BE: INDUSTRY 68.8 –20.1 –16.2 –33,1
CZ: Manufacturing 66.3 –21.9 –18.3 –36,2
(C1): Man. of food products and beverages 88.9 –6.2 –3.8 –9,8
(C2): Man. of coke and refined petroleum products 48.9 9.0 –30.5 –24,3
(C3): Machinery and equipment goods 62.0 –24.6 –21.0 –40,4
[CI] Man. of computer, electronic and optical products 75.1 –23.2 –11.9 –32,3
[CJ] Man. of electrical equipment 52.0 –30.0 –23.5 –46,4
[CK] Man. of machinery and equipment n.e.c. (1) 54.5 –23.2 –29.8 –46,1
(C4): Man. of transport equipment 37.0 –47.5 –35.0 –65,9
[CL1] Man. of motor vehicles, trailers and semi–trailers 6.8 –88.0 –45.1 –93,4
[CL2] Man. of other transport equipment 62.5 –24.1 –27.2 –44,7
(C5): Other manufacturing 67.3 –22.3 –17.7 –36,1
[CB] Man. of textiles, wearing apparel, leather and related products 47.4 –30.1 –31.5 –52,1
[CC] Man. of wood and paper products; printing and reproduction of recorded media 68.8 –17.4 –17.2 –31,5
[CE] Man. of chemicals and chemical products 82.2 –11.4 –12.3 –22,3
[CF] Man. of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations 112.8 –18.7 20.8 –1,8
[CG] Man. of rubber and plastics products, and other nonmetallic mineral products 48.4 –32.0 –33.0 –54,4
[CH] Man. of basic metals and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment 49.2 –29.7 –30.1 –50,8
[CM] Other manufacturing; repair and installation of machinery and equipment 68.9 –22.6 –17.7 –36,3
DE: Mining and quarrying; energy; water supply; waste management 82.8 –11.2 –3.8 –14,5
[BZ] Mining and quarrying 46.7 –34.5 –33.7 –56,5
[DZ] Electricity, gas, steam and air–conditioning supply 83.5 –11.4 –2.3 –13,5
[EZ] Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation 92.8 –0.8 –1.6 –2,4
FZ: CONSTRUCTION 39.5 –32.7 –42.2 –61,1
MIGs (2)
Capital goods 56.8 –30.0 –24.2 –46,9
Intermediate goods 62.4 –20.9 –22.1 –38,4
Consumer durables 26.1 –58.7 –46.4 –77,8
Consumer non–durables 86.9 –13.5 –3.4 –16,5
Energy 81.4 –9.7 –3.8 –13,2
  • (1) n.e.c. : not elsewhere classifiable
  • 2) Main industrial groupings: definition in Commission regulation EC of 14 June 2007
  • // Not available
  • Sources : Insee, SSP, SDES

Revision of variations

(in percentage point)
Revision of variations ((in percentage point))
March / Feb. Feb. / Jan. Jan. / Dec. Q1 2020 / Q4 2019 2019 / 2018
Industry (BE) 0.02 0.08 –0.03 0.00 –0.01
raw serie –0.49 0.01 0.01 –0.15 0.02
SA–WDA parameters 0.51 0.07 –0.04 0.15 –0.03
Manufacturing (CZ) –0.04 0.05 –0.03 –0.04 0.00
raw serie –0.68 –0.02 –0.03 –0.25 0.03
SA–WDA parameters 0.64 0.07 0.00 0.21 –0.03
  • How to read it: in the manufacturing sector, the SA–WDA variation between February and March 2020 is revised by –0.04 points, –0.68 points are due to the revision of the raw series and +0.64 points to the updating of the SA–WDA parameters.
  • Sources : Insee, SSP, SDES

For further information

Next issue: 10/07/2020 at 08:45

Next issue: 10/07/2020 at 08:45


: bureau-de-presse@insee.fr
: