Insee conjoncture
20 novembre 2018
N° 2018-300

The unemployment rate was stable in Q3 2018ILO Unemployment and Labour Market-related indicators (Labour Force Survey results) - third quarter 2018

On average in Q3 2018, the average ILO unemployment rate in metropolitan France and the overseas departments (excluding Mayotte) stood at 9.1% of the labour force, as in the previous quarter. The unemployment rate is now 0.5 points lower than a year ago.

In metropolitan France, the number of unemployed increased by 22,000 in Q3 2018 to 2.6 million people; the unemployment rate was stable over a quarter, standing at 8.8% of the labour force. The unemployment rate rose among youths, especially among young men (+1.0 points). It was stable for persons aged 25 to 49 and edged down for those aged 50 and over.

Informations rapides
No 300
Paru le : 20/11/2018
Prochaine parution le : 14/02/2019 at 07:30 - fourth quarter 2018

The unemployment rate in France stood at 9.1% of active population in Q3 2018

On average in Q3 2018, the average ILO unemployment rate in metropolitan France and the overseas departments (excluding Mayotte) stood at 9.1% of the labour force, as in the previous quarter. The unemployment rate is now 0.5 points lower than a year ago.

In metropolitan France, the number of unemployed increased by 22,000 in Q3 2018 to 2.6 million people; the unemployment rate was stable over a quarter, standing at 8.8% of the labour force. The unemployment rate rose among youths, especially among young men (+1.0 points). It was stable for persons aged 25 to 49 and edged down for those aged 50 and over.

Long-term unemployment declined slightly

Among the unemployed, 1.0 million declared that they had been seeking a job for at least one year. The long-term unemployment rate stood at 3.4% of the labour force in Q3 2018. This rate decreased by 0.2 points over the quarter and 0.8 points over a year.

Graph1ILO-unemployment rate

  • Estimation within +/-0.3 points of the level of unemployment rate and of its quarterly variations
  • Scope: population of people living in households, people aged 15 years or more
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

Table1ILO-unemployment rate in metropolitan France

Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter
ILO-unemployment rate in metropolitan France
ILO-unemployment rate (%) Variation in points Thousands
2018Q2 2018Q3 (p) over quarter over year 2018Q3 (p)
Unemployed persons 8.8 8.8 0.0 -0.5 2,567
15-24 years 20.2 20.6 0.4 -0.9 581
25-49 years 8.2 8.2 0.0 -0.7 1,456
50 years and more 6.3 6.1 -0.2 -0.3 530
Men 8.8 8.9 0.1 -0.5 1,341
15-24 years 21.4 22.4 1.0 -0.2 350
25-49 years 7.8 7.9 0.1 -0.5 716
50 years and more 6.4 6.3 -0.1 -0.7 275
Women 8.8 8.7 -0.1 -0.5 1,225
15-24 years 18.7 18.4 -0.3 -1.7 231
25-49 years 8.6 8.7 0.1 -0.7 740
50 years and more 6.2 6.0 -0.2 0.2 255
Long-term unemployed persons 3.6 3.4 -0.2 -0.8 998
  • (p) = provisional results
  • Scope : population of people living in households, people aged 15 years or more in metropolitan France
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

In metropolitan France, among inactive people as defined by the ILO, 1.5 million persons wished to work without being considered as unemployed according to the ILO definition: they made up the halo of unemployment. Their number was virtually stable quarter on quarter (+ 8 000), and increased by 48,000 over a year.

Graph2People in the halo of unemployment

  • Scope: population of people living in households in metropolitan France, people aged 15 years or over
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

The youths' employment rate went up sharply

The employment rate of the population aged 15-64 years increased slightly (+0.1 points) in Q3 2018. It stood at 65.9%, its highest level since the early 1980s. It increased by 0.8 percentage points year on year. Over the quarter, it went up by 0.5 points for persons aged 15 to 24 and was almost unchanged among other age groups.

Permanent employment rate for people aged 15 to 64 stood at 49.4% in Q3 2018. It increased a little over the quarter (+0.1 points) and by 0.6 points over a year. Fixed-term and temporary employment rate was practically stable (–0.1 points). It stood at 7.7%, 0.4 point below its higher level (–0.2 points), reached at the end of 2017.

More full-time jobs, fewer part-time jobs

Full-time employment rate remained at 54.1% in Q3 2018. It increased by 0.3 points over a quarter and 0.9 points over a year. Part-time employment rate reached 11.7%. It fell by 0.3 percentage points compared to Q2 2018 and 0.2 point compared to Q3 2017.

Table2ILO employment rate in the population aged 15-64 years

Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter
ILO employment rate in the population aged 15-64 years
% of people in the age group Variation in points over
2018Q2 2018Q3 (p) quarter year
Employed people 65.8 65.9 0.1 0.8
Men 69.3 69.3 0.0 0.4
Women 62.4 62.5 0.1 1.0
15-24 years 29.9 30.4 0.5 1.3
25-49 years 81.2 81.1 -0.1 0.5
50-64 years 62.3 62.4 0.1 1.1
Included : 55-64 years 51.9 52.3 0.4 1.1
Permanent employment 49.3 49.4 0.1 0.6
Fixed-term and temporary employment 7.8 7.7 -0.1 -0.2
Full-time employment 53.8 54.1 0.3 0.9
Part-time employment 12.0 11.7 -0.3 -0.2
Full-time equivalent employment rate 60.9 61.1 0.2 0.8
  • (p) = provisional results
  • Scope: population of people living in households in metropolitan France, people aged 15-64 years
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

The underemployment rate diminished

In Q3 2018, 5.6% of the employed persons were underemployed. It mainly concerns people who have a part-time job and wish to work more. This share decreased by 0.2 points compared to Q2 2018, and 0.6 points over a year.

Graph3Employment rate by age group

  • Scope: population of people living in households in metropolitan France, people aged 15-64 years
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

The activity rate increased slightly in Q3 2018

The activity rate of people aged 15-64 increased slightly (+0.1 points) at 72.3% in Q3 2018, its highest level since the beginning of the series (1975). It increased by 0.4 percentage points compared to Q3 2017.

Table3ILO activity rate in the population aged 15-64 years

Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter
ILO activity rate in the population aged 15-64 years
% of people in the age group Variation in points over
2018Q2 2018Q3 (p) quarter year
Active people 72.2 72.3 0.1 0.4
Men 76.1 76.2 0.1 0.1
Women 68.5 68.6 0.1 0.8
15-24 years 37.5 38.2 0.7 1.1
25-49 years 88.5 88.4 -0.1 0.0
50-64 years 66.6 66.7 0.1 1.1
Included : 55-64 years 55.6 56.0 0.4 1.4
  • (p) = provisional results
  • Scope: population of people living in households in metropolitan France, people aged 15-64 years
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

Revisions

Compared to the provisional estimate published on 14 August 2018, ILO unemployment in Q2 2018 is unchanged in France. It has been upgraded by 0.1 percentage points in metropolitan France (from 8.7% to 8.8%), due to seasonal adjustment coefficients recalculation.

: bureau-de-presse@insee.fr
:
Prochaine parution le : 14/02/2019 at 07:30 - fourth quarter 2018