Insee conjoncture

The unemployment rate decreased by 0.1 points in Q2 2018ILO Unemployment and Labour Market-related indicators (Labour Force Survey results) - second quarter 2018

On average in Q2 2018, the average ILO unemployment rate in metropolitan France and the overseas departments (excluding Mayotte) stood at 9.1% of the labour force, after 9.2% in Q1 2018. Over a year, the unemployment rate decreased by 0.3 points.

In metropolitan France, the number of unemployed fell by 48,000 in Q2 2018 to 2.5 million people; thus, the unemployment rate decreased by 0.2 points compared to previous quarter (after having increased by 0.3 points in Q1 2018), standing at 8.7% of the labour force. At the same time, the employment rate rose by 0.1 percentage points and the activity rate was stable. The unemployment rate declined among youths and persons aged 25 to 49, whereas it was stable for those aged 50 and over.

Informations rapides N° 211
No 211
Principaux indicateurs
Paru le : 14/08/2018
Prochaine parution le : 14/02/2019 at 07:30 - fourth quarter 2018

The unemployment rate in France stood at 9.1% of active population in Q2 2018

On average in Q2 2018, the average ILO unemployment rate in metropolitan France and the overseas departments (excluding Mayotte) stood at 9.1% of the labour force, after 9.2% in Q1 2018. Over a year, the unemployment rate decreased by 0.3 points.

In metropolitan France, the number of unemployed fell by 48,000 in Q2 2018 to 2.5 million people; thus, the unemployment rate decreased by 0.2 points compared to previous quarter (after having increased by 0.3 points in Q1 2018), standing at 8.7% of the labour force. At the same time, the employment rate rose by 0.1 percentage points and the activity rate was stable. The unemployment rate declined among youths and persons aged 25 to 49, whereas it was stable for those aged 50 and over.

Long-term unemployment was stable

Among the unemployed, 1.0 million declared that they had been seeking a job for at least one year. The long-term unemployment rate stood at 3.6% of the labour force in Q2 2018, as in previous quarter. This rate decreased by 0.4 points compared to Q2 2017.

Graph1 – ILO-unemployment rate

  • Estimation within +/-0.3 point of the level of unemployment rate and of its quarterly variations
  • Scope: population of people living in households, people aged 15 years or more
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

Table1 – ILO-unemployment rate in metropolitan France

Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter
ILO-unemployment rate in metropolitan France
ILO-unemployment rate (%) Variation in points Thousands
2018Q1 2018Q2 (p) over quarter over year 2018Q2 (p)
Unemployed persons 8.9 8.7 –0.2 –0.4 2,538
15-24 years 20.8 20.1 –0.7 –2.6 554
25-49 years 8.3 8.1 –0.2 –0.3 1,440
50 years and more 6.3 6.3 0.0 0.0 544
Men 8.8 8.7 –0.1 –0.5 1,312
15-24 years 20.6 21.2 0.6 –2.0 322
25-49 years 7.9 7.8 –0.1 –0.4 708
50 years and more 6.6 6.4 –0.2 –0.2 281
Women 9.0 8.7 –0.3 –0.3 1,227
15-24 years 21.1 18.7 –2.4 –3.3 232
25-49 years 8.8 8.5 –0.3 –0.1 732
50 years and more 5.8 6.2 0.4 0.2 263
Long-term unemployed persons 3.6 3.6 0.0 –0.4 1,040
  • (p) = provisional results
  • Scope : population of people living in households, people aged 15 years or more in metropolitan France
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

In metropolitan France, among inactive people as defined by the ILO, 1.5 million persons wished to work without being considered as unemployed according to the ILO definition: they made up the halo of unemployment. Their number fell by 19,000 quarter on quarter, and by 25,000 compared to Q2 2017.

Graph2 – People in the halo of unemployment

  • Scope: population of people living in households in metropolitan France, people aged 15 years or over
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

The employment rate remained high in Q2 2018

The employment rate of the population aged 15-64 years stood at 65.8% in Q2 2018, its highest level since the early 1980s. It was virtually stable (+0.1 percentage points) compared to Q1 2018 and increased by 0.4 percentage points year on year. Over the quarter, it increased by 0.3 points for persons aged 25 to 49 and was practically stable among other age groups.

The fixed-term and temporary employment rate decreased slightly

Permanent employment rate for people aged 15 to 64 stood at 49.3% in Q2 2018. It was virtually stable over the quarter (+0.1 points). It increased by 0.4 points over a year. Fixed-term and temporary employment rate decreased by 0.2 percentage points. It stood at 7.8%, close to its Q2 2017 level (–0.1 points)

Full-time employment rate remained at 53.9% in Q2 2018. It is 0.6 points higher than its Q2 2017 level. Part-time employment rate rose by 0.2 percentage points compared to Q1 2018. It stood at 12.0%, its Q2 2017 level.

Table2 – ILO employment rate in the population aged 15-64 years

Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter
ILO employment rate in the population aged 15-64 years
% of people in the age group Variation in points over
2018Q1 2018Q2 (p) quarter year
Employed people 65.7 65.8 0.1 0.4
Men 69.4 69.3 –0.1 0.4
Women 62.2 62.5 0.3 0.6
15-24 years 29.8 29.9 0.1 1.1
25-49 years 81.0 81.3 0.3 0.4
50-64 years 62.3 62.3 0.0 0.6
Included : 55-64 years 52.2 51.9 –0.3 0.3
Permanent employment 49.2 49.3 0.1 0.4
Fixed-term and temporary employment 8.0 7.8 –0.2 –0.1
Full-time employment 53.9 53.9 0.0 0.6
Part-time employment 11.8 12.0 0.2 0.0
Full-time equivalent employment rate 60.9 60.9 0.0 0.5
  • (p) = provisional results
  • Scope: population of people living in households in metropolitan France, people aged 15-64 years
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

Underemployment was virtually stable

In Q2 2018, 5.8% of the employed persons were underemployed, which mainly concerns people who have a part-time job and wish to work more. This share is close to that of Q1 2018 (–0.1 points) and decreased by 0.2 points year on year.

Graph3 – ILO underemployment rate

  • Scope : population of people living in households in metropolitan France, people aged 15 years or over
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

The activity rate was stable in Q2 2018

The activity rate of people aged 15-64 was stable at 72.2% in Q1 2018, its highest level since the beginning of the series (1975). It increased by 0.2 percentage points compared to Q2 2017.

Table3 – ILO activity rate in the population aged 15-64 years

Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter
ILO activity rate in the population aged 15-64 years
% of people in the age group Variation in points over
2018Q1 2018Q2 (p) quarter year
Active people 72.2 72.2 0.0 0.2
Men 76.1 76.0 –0.1 0.0
Women 68.4 68.5 0.1 0.4
15-24 years 37.7 37.4 –0.3 0.1
25-49 years 88.4 88.5 0.1 0.2
50-64 years 66.6 66.6 0.0 0.7
Included : 55-64 years 55.9 55.7 –0.2 0.8
  • (p) = provisional results
  • Scope: population of people living in households in metropolitan France, people aged 15-64 years
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

Revisions

Compared to the provisional estimate published on 23 May 2018, ILO unemployment, employment and activity rates in Q1 2018 are unchanged.