Insee conjoncture

Sharp rise in business start-ups in May 2018Enterprise births - May 2018

In May 2018, the number of business births for all entreprises went up sharply (+6.1% after +0.1% in April, seasonally and working-day adjusted). Conventional businesses start-ups picked up (+6.8% after −1.0%) and micro-entrepreneurs' registrations speeded up (+5.2% after +1.5%).

Informations rapides N° 152
No 152
Principaux indicateurs
Paru le : 13/06/2018
Prochaine parution le : 15/11/2018 at 08:45 - October 2018

In May 2018, the number of business births for all entreprises went up sharply (+6.1% after +0.1% in April, seasonally and working-day adjusted). Conventional businesses start-ups picked up (+6.8% after −1.0%) and micro-entrepreneurs' registrations speeded up (+5.2% after +1.5%).

Graph1 – Monthly business start-ups (SA-WDA *)

  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data
  • Source: INSEE, REE (Sirene)

Table1 – Business set-ups by month (SA-WDA *)

Business set-ups by month (SA-WDA *)
Feb. 2018 March 2018 April 2018 May 2018
Total businesses set-ups 55,543 55,873 55,906 59,315
Variation [m-o-m] % 0.3 0.6 0.1 6.1
Conventional businesses 31,578 31,698 31,367 33,505
Variation [m-o-m] % 1.3 0.4 -1.0 6.8
Self-managed micro-entrepreneurs 23,965 24,175 24,539 25,810
Variation [m-o-m] % -0.9 0.9 1.5 5.2
  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data
  • Source: INSEE, REE (Sirene)

+14.0% over the twelve last months

The raw number of business start-ups totted up during the last twelve months kept accelerating (+14.0% after +12.4% in April and +9.8% in March). All the types of business start-ups increased: micro-entrepreneurs' registrations (+22.2%), conventional sole proprietorship start-ups (+16.5%) and company births (+2.6%).

Upsurge of business setp-ups in transportation and storage over the three last months

In raw data cumulated over the three last months, the sector “Transportation and storage” was the one that contributed the most to the overall rise (rise by +7,300 business start-ups, which comes to a contribution of 4.9 points to the total)1. Within it, the increase was the higher in other activities of post and mail, which includes home-delivery (rise by +6,900 business start-ups).

More than two business set-ups out of five are self-managed micro-entrepreneurs' registrations

In May 2018, the share of micro–entrepreneurs' registrations in the businesses set up over the last twelve months increased for the seventh month in a row and reached 42.5%.

Table0 – Business set-ups distribution by type

% over the twelve last months (raw data)
Business set-ups distribution by type
March 2018 April 2018 May 2018
Companies 32.0 31.5 31.0
Sole proprietorships excluding self-managed micro-entrepreneurs 26.1 26.3 26.4
Self-managed micro-entrepreneurs 41.9 42.2 42.5
  • Source: INSEE, REE (Sirene)

1 The contribution of a sector to the overall variation is the variation observed in this sector, weighted by the share of this sector in the total number of births.

Table2 – Cumulated business start-ups by type

Raw data
Cumulated business start-ups by type
Moving total % change * Moving total Moving total
over 3 months over 12 months January- May 2018 January- May 2017
Total 17.8 14.0 295,957 249,637
Companies -1.1 2.6 86,898 86,838
Conventional sole proprietorships 25.6 16.5 81,740 64,770
Self-managed micro-entrepreneurs 29.8 22.2 127,319 98,029
  • * Total of business start-ups during the last 3 or 12 months compared with the same months a year earlier
  • Source: INSEE, REE (Sirene)

Business set-ups by economic activity

Graph2 – Trade and business support activities monthly start-ups (SA-WDA *)

  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data
  • Source: INSEE, REE (Sirene)

Graph3 – Construction and transportation business monthly set-ups (SA-WDA *)

  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data
  • Source: INSEE, REE (Sirene)

Table3 – Number of monthly business set-ups (incl. self-managed micro-entrepreneurs)

SA-WDA *
Number of monthly business set-ups (incl. self-managed micro-entrepreneurs)
NA March 2018 April 2018 May 2018
Total 55,873 55,906 59,315
Industry BE 2,360 2,334 2,417
Of which Manufacturing C 2,096 2,078 2,171
Construction FZ 5,546 5,500 5,578
Wholesale and retail trade, Transport, Accommodation and Food and beverage activities GI 16,647 16,835 18,644
Trade G 8,859 8,592 9,128
Transportation and storage H 5,046 5,571 6,431
Accommodation and food service activities I 2,743 2,673 3,085
Information and communication JZ 2,808 2,815 2,854
Financial and insurance activities KZ 1,391 1,379 1,492
Real estate activities LZ 2,162 2,110 2,228
Business support activities MN 13,418 13,240 14,002
Public administration and defence, education, human health and social work activities OQ 6,451 6,529 6,803
Other services activities RS 5,090 5,166 5,299
  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data
  • Source: INSEE, REE (Sirene)

Table4 – Fluctuation in the number of business set-ups (incl. self-managed micro-entrepreneurs)

In %
Fluctuation in the number of business set-ups (incl. self-managed micro-entrepreneurs)
NA May 18 / April 18 Moving total % change**
SA-WDA * over 3 months over 12 months
Total 6.1 17.8 14.0
Industry BE 3.6 15.5 8.5
Of which Manufacturing C 4.5 16.2 10.9
Construction FZ 1.4 9.4 6.1
Wholesale and retail trade, Transport, Accommodation and Food and beverage activities GI 10.7 23.4 15.7
Trade G 6.2 9.7 9.7
Transportation and storage H 15.4 71.6 40.4
Accommodation and food service activities I 15.4 8.4 4.4
Information and communication JZ 1.4 16.2 14.9
Financial and insurance activities KZ 8.2 2.2 4.6
Real estate activities LZ 5.6 18.8 22.2
Business support activities MN 5.8 19.9 19.0
Public administration and defence, education, human health and social work activities OQ 4.2 9.0 6.4
Other services activities RS 2.6 21.1 17.6
  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data
  • ** Total of business start-ups during the last 3 or 12 months compared with the same months a year earlier
  • Source: INSEE, REE (Sirene)