Enterprises in FranceEdition 2017
This new edition of Enterprises in France in the Insee Références collection provides a complete structural overview of our productive system.
What collaborative ventures between businesses and research organisations are supported
by the authorities?
Two examples of assistance measures
In 2005, two measures were introduced to support collaborative research and development (R&D) between businesses and research organisations, one of them run by the National Research Agency (ANR) and the other by the Single Inter-Ministry Fund (FUI). These measures pursue complementary objectives; the ANR subsidises work more focussed on basic research and the FUI supports more applied R&D activities. Projects supported by the ANR are, on average, smaller than those run by the FUI (five partners as opposed to seven); they have relatively more research organisations and the R&D expenditure per partner is almost three times lower. However, the selection process partly makes up for these differences: among the projects submitted to it, the ANR tends to select those of a larger size, while the FUI adopts projects giving greater prominence to research organisations.