The unemployment rate decreased by 0.1 points in Q2 2017ILO Unemployment and Labour Market-related indicators (Labour Force Survey results) - second quarter 2017

In Q2 2017, the ILO unemployment rate in metropolitan France decreased slightly, by 0.1 percentage points. The employment rate and the activity rate increased by 0.5 percentage points.

Informations rapides
No 215
Paru le : 17/08/2017
Prochaine parution le : 15/02/2018 at 07:30 - fourth quarter 2017

In Q2 2017, the ILO unemployment rate in metropolitan France decreased slightly, by 0.1 percentage points. The employment rate and the activity rate increased by 0.5 percentage points.

The unemployment rate in France stood at 9.5% of active population in Q2 2017

On average in Q2 2017, the average ILO unemployment rate in metropolitan France and the overseas departments (excluding Mayotte) stood at 9.5% of active population, after 9,6% in Q1 2017. It has returned to its early 2012 level.

In metropolitan France, the number of unemployed decreased by 20,000 to 2.7 million people unemployed; thus, the unemployment rate decreased by 0.1 percentage points quarter on quarter, standing at 9.2% of active population. It decreased among persons aged 25 to 49 and those aged 50 and over, whereas it increased for youths. Over a year, the unemployment rate fell by 0.5 percentage points.

Among unemployed, 1.2 million were seeking a job for at least one year. The long-term unemployment rate stood at 4.0% of active population in Q2 2017. It decreased by 0.1 percentage points compared to Q1 2017 and by 0.3 percentage points over a year.

Graph1 – ILO-unemployment rate

  • Estimation within +/-0.3 point of the level of unemployment rate and of its quarterly variations
  • Scope : population of people living in households, people aged 15 years or more
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

Table1 – ILO-unemployment rate in metropolitan France

Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter
ILO-unemployment rate in metropolitan France
ILO-unemployment rate (%) Variation in points Thousands
2017 Q1 2017 Q2 (p) over quarter over year 2017 Q2 (p)
Unemployed persons 9.3 9.2 –0.1 –0.5 2,651
15-24 years 21.8 22.7 0.9 –1.1 616
25-49 years 8.7 8.4 –0.3 –0.6 1,499
50 years and more 6.6 6.3 –0.3 –0.3 536
Men 9.2 9.2 0.0 –0.8 1,391
15-24 years 22.4 23.4 1.0 –0.9 349
25-49 years 8.3 8.2 –0.1 –0.9 763
50 years and more 6.6 6.5 –0.1 –0.4 280
Women 9.4 9.0 –0.4 –0.4 1,260
15-24 years 21.0 21.8 0.8 –1.5 268
25-49 years 9.1 8.7 –0.4 –0.2 736
50 years and more 6.6 6.1 –0.5 –0.1 257
Long-term unemployed persons 4.1 4.0 –0.1 –0.3 1,167
  • (p) = provisional results
  • Scope : population of people living in households, people aged 15 years or more in metropolitan France
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

In metropolitan France, among inactive people as defined by the ILO, 1.5 million persons wished to work without being considered as unemployed according to the ILO definition: they made up the halo of unemployment. Their number decreased by 22,000 compared to Q1 2017 and was almost steady over a year (+2,000).

Graph2 – People in the halo of unemployment

  • Scope : population of people living in households in metropolitan France, people aged 15 years or over
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

The employment rate increased by 0.5 points in Q2 2017

The employment rate of the population aged 15-64 years increased by 0.5 percentage points in Q2 2017 and stood at 65.3%, its highest level since 1980. It rose across all age groups, but more particularly among persons aged 50 to 64. Over a year, the employment rate increased by 0.7 percentage points.

The full-time equivalent employment rate stood at 60.4% in Q2 2017. It rose by 0.4 percentage points quarter on quarter, and by 0.5 percentage over a year.

The permanent employment rate increased by 0.3 points

Full-time employment rate stood at 53.3% in Q2 2017. It rose by 0.3 percentage points over a quarter, and by 0.5 percentage points year on year. Part-time employment rate stood at 12.0% in Q2 2017, increasing by 0.2 percentage points compared to Q1 2017 and Q2 2016.

Permanent employment rate for people aged 15-64 reached 48.9% in Q2 2017. It rose by 0.3 percentage points over a quarter and by 0.1 percentage points year on year. Fixed-term and temporary employment rate remained at 7.8% in Q2 2017. It increased by 0.4 percentage points compared to Q2 2016.

Table2 – ILO employment rate in the population aged 15-64 years

Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter
ILO employment rate in the population aged 15-64 years
% of people in the age group Variation in points over
2017 Q1 2017 Q2 (p) quarter year
Employed people 64.8 65.3 0.5 0.7
Men 68.3 68.9 0.6 0.9
Women 61.3 61.8 0.5 0.4
15-24 years 28.8 28.9 0.1 0.3
25-49 years 80.2 80.8 0.6 0.6
50-64 years 60.8 61.6 0.8 1.2
Included : 55-64 years 50.8 51.5 0.7 1.9
Permanent employment 48.6 48.9 0.3 0.1
Fixed-term and temporary employment 7.8 7.8 0.0 0.4
Full-time employment 53.0 53.3 0.3 0.5
Part-time employment 11.8 12.0 0.2 0.2
Full-time equivalent employment rate 60.0 60.4 0.4 0.5
  • (p) = provisional results
  • Scope : population of people living in households in metropolitan France, people aged 15-64 years
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

Graph3 – Permanent and temporary/fixed-term employment rate in the population aged 15-64 years

  • Scope : population of people living in households in metropolitan France, people aged 15-64 years
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

Underemployment was stable quarter on quarter

In Q2 2017, 6.1% of the employed persons were underemployed, as in previous quarter, a ratio decreasing by 0.6 percentage points over a year. Underemployment mainly concerns people who have a part-time job and wish to work more. Slack work stood at 0.3% of the employed.

The activity rate increased by 0.5 percentage points compared to Q1 2017

The activity rate of people aged 15-64 stood at 72.0% in Q2 2017, its highest level since 1975. It increased by 0.5 percentage points compared to the previous quarter and by 0.4 percentage points compared to Q2 2016.

Table3 – ILO activity rate in the population aged 15-64 years

Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter
ILO activity rate in the population aged 15-64 years
% of people in the age group Variation in points over
2017 Q1 2017 Q2 (p) quarter year
Active people 71.5 72.0 0.5 0.4
Men 75.3 76.0 0.7 0.4
Women 67.7 68.1 0.4 0.2
15-24 years 36.8 37.3 0.5 –0.2
25-49 years 87.8 88.3 0.5 0.2
50-64 years 65.3 65.8 0.5 1.0
Included : 55-64 years 54.5 54.9 0.4 1.6
  • (p) = provisional results
  • Scope : population of people living in households in metropolitan France, people aged 15-64 years
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

Revisions

The ILO unemployment rate in Q1 2017 is unchanged and the employment rate has been been revised upwards by 0.1 percentage points, compared to the provisional estimate published on 18 May 2017.