The unemployment rate decreased by 0.4 points in Q1 2017ILO Unemployment and Labour Market-related indicators (Labour Force Survey results) - first quarter 2017

In Q1 2017, the ILO unemployment rate in metropolitan France decreased by 0.4 percentage points. The employment rate was stable and the activity rate decreased by 0.3 percentage points

Informations rapides
No 131
Paru le : 18/05/2017
Prochaine parution le : 15/02/2018 at 07:30 - fourth quarter 2017

In Q1 2017, the ILO unemployment rate in metropolitan France decreased by 0.4 percentage points. The employment rate was stable and the activity rate decreased by 0.3 percentage points

The unemployment rate in France stood at 9.6% of active population in Q1 2017

In Q1 2017, the average ILO unemployment rate in metropolitan France and the overseas departments (excluding Mayotte) stood at 9.6% of active population, after 10.0% in Q4 2016.

In metropolitan France only, the number of unemployed decreased by 115,000 to 2.7 million people unemployed; thus, the unemployment rate decreased by 0.4 percentage points q-o-q, standing at 9.3% of active population. It decreased among youths and persons aged 25 to 49, whereas it was stable for those aged 50 and over. Over a year, the unemployment rate fell by 0.6 percentage points.

Among unemployed, 1.2 million were seeking a job for at least one year. The long-term unemployment rate stood at 4.1% of active population in Q1 2017. It decreased by 0.1 percentage points compared to Q4 2016, and by 0.2 percentage points over a year.

Graph1 – ILO-unemployment rate

  • Estimation within +/-0.3 point of the level of unemployment rate and of its quarterly variations
  • Scope : population of people living in households, people aged 15 years or more
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

Table1 – ILO-unemployment rate in metropolitan France

Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter
ILO-unemployment rate in metropolitan France
ILO-unemployment rate (%) Variation in points Thousands
2016 Q4 2017 Q1 (p) over quarter over year 2017Q1 (p)
Unemployed persons 9.7 9.3 –0.4 –0.6 2,674
15-24 years 23.3 21.8 –1.5 –2.6 582
25-49 years 9.1 8.7 –0.4 –0.6 1,533
50 years and more 6.6 6.6 0.0 0.1 559
Men 9.8 9.2 –0.6 –1.1 1,368
15-24 years 23.9 22.5 –1.4 –2.8 324
25-49 years 8.9 8.3 –0.6 –1.1 763
50 years and more 7.1 6.6 –0.5 –0.3 282
Women 9.5 9.4 –0.1 –0.1 1,306
15-24 years 22.5 20.9 –1.6 –2.3 259
25-49 years 9.3 9.1 –0.2 0.0 770
50 years and more 6.1 6.6 0.5 0.5 277
Long-term unemployed persons 4.2 4.1 –0.1 –0.2 1,180
  • (p) = provisional results
  • Scope : population of people living in households, people aged 15 years or more in metropolitan France
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

In metropolitan France, among inactive people, 1.5 million persons wished to work without being considered as unemployed according to the ILO definition: they made up the halo around unemployment. In Q1 2017, the number of people in this unemployment halo rose by 20,000 compared to the previous quarter, and by 58,000 over a year.

Graph2 – People in the unemployment halo

  • Scope : population of people living in households in metropolitan France, people aged 15 years or over
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

The employment rate was stable in Q1 2017

The employment rate of the population aged 15-64years stood at 64.7% in Q1 2017, as in previous quarter. It rose slightly among youths and for persons aged 25 to 49. It was stable for those aged 50 to 64. Over a year, the employment rate increased by 0.1 percentage points.

The full-time equivalent employment rate stood at 60.0% in Q1 2017. It rose by 0.1 percentage points compared to previous quarter, and by 0.2 percentage points compared to Q1 2016.

The fixed-term and temporary employment rate increased

Full-time employment rate stood at 53.0% in Q1 2017. It increased by 0.1 percentage points compared to Q4 2016, and by 0.3 percentage points year on year. Part-time employment rate remained at 11.7% in Q1 2017. It decreased by 0,2 percentage points compared to Q1 2016.

Permanent employment rate for people aged 15-64 stood at 48.5% in Q1 2017. It decreased by 0.1 percentage points compared to previous quarter and by 0.3 percentage points year on year. Fixed-term and temporary employment rate rose by 0.3 percentage points, at 7.8%. It increased by 0.5 percentage points compared to Q1 2016.

Table2 – ILO employment rate in the population aged 15-64 years

Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter
ILO employment rate in the population aged 15-64 years
% of people in the age group Variation in points over
2016 Q4 2017 Q1 (p) quarter year
Employed people 64.7 64.7 0.0 0.1
Men 68.1 68.3 0.2 0.5
Women 61.3 61.2 –0.1 –0.2
15-24 years 28.5 28.7 0.2 0.4
25-49 years 80.1 80.2 0.1 0.0
50-64 years 60.8 60.8 0.0 0.4
Included : 55-64 years 50.2 50.7 0.5 1.1
Permanent employment 48.6 48.5 –0.1 –0.3
Fixed-term and temporary employment 7.5 7.8 0.3 0.5
Full-time employment 52.9 53.0 0.1 0.3
Part-time employment 11.7 11.7 0.0 –0.2
Full-time equivalent employment rate 59.9 60.0 0.1 0.2
  • (p) = provisional results
  • Scope : population of people living in households in metropolitan France, people aged 15-64 years
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

Underemployment was stable

In Q1 2017, 6.2% of the employed persons were underemployed, as in previous quarter, a ratio decreasing by 0.2 percentage points over a year. Underemployment mainly concerns people who have a part-time job and wish to work more. Slack work stood at 0.3% of the employed.

Graph3 – ILO underemployment rate

  • Scope : population of people living in households in metropolitan France, people aged 15 years or over
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

The activity rate decreased by 0.3 percentage points compared to Q4 2016

The activity rate of people aged 15-64 stood at 71.4% in Q1 2017. It decreased by 0.3 percentage points compared to the previous quarter and a year earlier.

Table3 – ILO activity rate in the population aged 15-64 years

Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter
ILO activity rate in the population aged 15-64 years
% of people in the age group Variation in points over
2016 Q4 2017 Q1 (p) quarter year
Active people 71.7 71.4 –0.3 –0.3
Men 75.7 75.3 –0.4 –0.4
Women 67.8 67.7 –0.1 –0.2
15-24 years 37.1 36.7 –0.4 –0.7
25-49 years 88.1 87.8 –0.3 –0.6
50-64 years 65.2 65.3 0.1 0.5
Included : 55-64 years 54.1 54.5 0.4 1.2
  • (p) = provisional results
  • Scope : population of people living in households in metropolitan France, people aged 15-64 years
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

Revisions

The ILO unemployment rate in Q4 2016 has not been revised, compared to the provisional estimate published on 16 February 2017.