The unemployment rate decreased by 0.1 points in Q4 2016ILO Unemployment and Labour Market-related indicators (Labour Force Survey results) - fourth quarter 2016

In Q4 2016, the average ILO unemployment rate in metropolitan France and overseas departments stood at 10.0% of active population, after 10.1% in Q3 2016.

In metropolitan France only, the number of unemployed decreased by 31,000 to 2.8 million people unemployed; thus, the unemployment rate decreased by 0.1 percentage points q-o-q, standing at 9.7% of active population. It decreased among youths and persons aged 50 and over, whereas it increased for those aged 25 to 49. Over a year, the unemployment rate fell by 0.2 percentage points.

Among unemployed, 1.2 million were seeking a job for at least one year. The long-term unemployed rate stood at 4.2% of active population in Q4 2016. It decreased by 0.1 percentage points compared to Q3 2016 and Q4 2015.

Informations rapides
No 41
Paru le : 16/02/2017
Prochaine parution le : 18/05/2017 at 07:30 - first quarter 2017

The unemployment rate in France decreased by 0.1 points, at 10,0% of active population in Q4 2016

In Q4 2016, the average ILO unemployment rate in metropolitan France and overseas departments stood at 10.0% of active population, after 10.1% in Q3 2016.

In metropolitan France only, the number of unemployed decreased by 31,000 to 2.8 million people unemployed; thus, the unemployment rate decreased by 0.1 percentage points q-o-q, standing at 9.7% of active population. It decreased among youths and persons aged 50 and over, whereas it increased for those aged 25 to 49. Over a year, the unemployment rate fell by 0.2 percentage points.

Among unemployed, 1.2 million were seeking a job for at least one year. The long-term unemployed rate stood at 4.2% of active population in Q4 2016. It decreased by 0.1 percentage points compared to Q3 2016 and Q4 2015.

Graph1 – ILO-unemployment rate

  • Estimation within +/-0.3 point of the level of unemployment rate and of its quarterly variations
  • Scope : population of people living in households, people aged 15 years or more
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

Table1 – ILO-unemployment rate in metropolitan France

Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter
ILO-unemployment rate in metropolitan France
ILO-unemployment rate (%) Variation in points Thou sands
2016 Q3 2016 Q4 (p) over quarter over year 2016 Q4 (p)
Unemployed persons 9.8 9.7 –0.1 –0.2 2,783
15-24 years 25.0 23.3 –1.7 –0.7 627
25-49 years 8.8 9.0 0.2 –0.2 1,597
50 years and more 7.1 6.7 –0.4 0.0 559
Men 9.8 9.8 0.0 –0.6 1,472
15-24 years 24.8 24.0 –0.8 –1.5 352
25-49 years 8.5 8.8 0.3 –0.7 814
50 years and more 7.5 7.2 –0.3 0.0 306
Women 9.8 9.5 –0.3 0.1 1,311
15-24 years 25.1 22.5 –2.6 0.3 275
25-49 years 9.1 9.2 0.1 0.2 783
50 years and more 6.6 6.1 –0.5 –0.2 252
Long-term unemployed persons 4.3 4.2 –0.1 –0.1 1,223
  • (p) = provisional results
  • Scope : population of people living in households, people aged 15 years or more in metropolitan France
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

In metropolitan France, among inactive people, 1.5 million persons wished to work without being considered as unemployed according to the ILO definition: they made up the halo around unemployment. In Q4 2016, the number of people in this unemployment halo rose by 21,000 compared to the previous quarter, and by 65,000 over a year.

Graph2 – People in the unemployment halo

  • Scope : population of people living in households in metropolitan France, people aged 15 years or over
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

The employment rate increased by 0.1 points in Q4 2016

The employment rate of the population aged 15-64 years stood at 64.7% in Q4 2016. It increased by 0.1 percentage points compared to the previous quarter. It recovered among youths and rose slightly for persons aged 50 and over. Nevertheless, it decreased for those aged 25 to 49. Over a year, the employment rate rose by 0.3 percentage points.

The full-time-equivalent employment rate was stable in Q4 2016, at 59.9%.

The permanent employment rate increased

Full-time employment rate remained at 53.0% in Q4 2016. It increased by 0.4 percentage points year on year. Part-time employment rate hold steady, at 11.7% in Q4 2016. It decreased by 0,1 percentage points compared to Q4 2015.

Permanent employment rate for people aged 15-64 stood at 48.7% in Q4 2016. It increased by 0.2 percentage points quarter on quarter and by 0.1 percentage points year on year. Fixed-term and temporary employment rate stood at 7.5%. It rose by 0.1 percentage points compared to the previous quarter and a year earlier.

Table2 – ILO employment rate in the population aged 15-64 years

Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter
ILO employment rate in the population aged 15-64 years
% of people in the age group Variation in points over
2016Q3 2016Q4 (p) quarter year
Employed people 64.6 64.7 0.1 0.3
Men 68.1 68.2 0.1 0.6
Women 61.3 61.4 0.1 0.1
15-24 years 27.5 28.5 1.0 0.1
25-49 years 80.4 80.1 –0.3 0.0
50-64 years 60.7 60.8 0.1 0.9
Included : 55-64 years 50.1 50.2 0.1 1.2
Permanent employment 48.5 48.7 0.2 0.1
Fixed-term and temporary employment 7.4 7.5 0.1 0.1
Full-time employment 53.0 53.0 0.0 0.4
Part-time employment 11.7 11.7 0.0 –0.1
Full-time equivalent employment rate 59.9 59.9 0.0 0.3
  • (p) = provisional results
  • Scope : population of people living in households in metropolitan France, people aged 15-64 years
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

Graph3 – Employment rate by age group

  • Scope : population of people living in households in metropolitan France, people aged 15-64 years
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

Underemployment decreased again

In Q4 2016, 6.2% of the employed persons were underemployed, a ratio decreasing by 0.1 percentage points quarter on quarter, and by 0.4 percentage points over a year. Underemployment mainly concerns people who have a part-time job and wish to work more. Slack work stood at 0.2% of the employed.

The activity rate hold steady in Q4 2016

The activity rate of people aged 15-64 stood at 71.7% in Q4 2016, as in previous quarter. It increased by 0.1 percentage points over the year.

Table3 – ILO activity rate in the population aged 15-64 years

Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter
ILO activity rate in the population aged 15-64 years
% of people in the age group Variation in points over
2016Q3 2016Q4 (p) quarter year
Active people 71.7 71.7 0.0 0.1
Men 75.5 75.7 0.2 0.1
Women 68.0 67.8 –0.2 0.0
15-24 years 36.7 37.1 0.4 –0.3
25-49 years 88.1 88.1 0.0 –0.1
50-64 years 65.4 65.3 –0.1 0.9
Included : 55-64 years 54.0 54.1 0.1 1.3
  • (p) = provisional results
  • Scope : population of people living in households in metropolitan France, people aged 15-64 years
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

Revisions

The ILO unemployment rate in Q3 2016 has been revised upwards by 0.1 percentage points, compared to the provisional estimate published on 17 November 2016.