France, social portrait2016 Edition

France, Social Portrait is for everyone who would like to learn more about French society. This cross-cutting publication in the “Insee Références” collection throws the spotlight on young people in France. Three reports provide an in-depth analysis of different aspects of French society. Around forty themed information sheets summarise the main data and provide European comparisons, to complete this social panorama.

Insee Références
Paru le : 22/11/2016
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Integration of young people into the job market: most of those with the highest diplomas are in employment, inactivity predominates for those who are unqualified

Christel Aliaga et Jérôme Lê

On average over the period 2013-2015, 68% of young people who had left full-time education in the last 1 to 4 years were in employment, 17% were unemployed and the rest were inactive. The integration of young people into the job market is gradual and uneven as it depends on the level of diploma. 82% of young people leaving higher education with a diploma are in work, compared to only 31% of unqualified young people, more of whom are inactive (37%). Young women are more often inactive than young men, especially among the least qualified.

Among active young people leaving full-time education, half of those who are unqualified are unemployed, compared with a quarter for those with a high school diploma and one in ten for those with a higher education diploma. Active young women are less often unemployed than their male counterparts (19% against 22%), mainly because on average they have a higher level of qualification.

The unemployment rate for active young people leaving full-time education in the last 1 to 4 years increased substantially during the 2008-2009 crisis, more than that of active people who had been present on the job market for a longer time. Since then, it has stabilised overall at around 20% for those coming out of full-time education recently, but it has continued to increase for the rest.

Employment conditions for unqualified young people leaving full-time education are less favourable. 58% of unqualified young people who are in work have a temporary job and 22% are under-employed, compared with 25% and 6% respectively of graduates from long courses in higher education. Employment conditions for women are also less favourable than those for men.

From one year to the next, when they leave a temporary job, young people who have completed their studies and have a higher education diploma are twice as likely as unqualified young people to find a stable position. Similarly, when they are unemployed, they are twice as likely to be in employment one year later than those without qualifications. Finally, the training speciality has a determining influence on access to employment and the type of jobs young people have at the start of their careers.

Insee Références
Paru le : 22/11/2016