Économie et Statistique n° 488-489 - 2016The homeless - The gender pay gap in the public sector
Introduction and Statistical Background Information The Homeless in France: Characteristics and Main Evolutions Between 2001 and 2012
Over 140,000 people were homeless in France in 2012, an increase of over 50% in eleven years. In particular, there were considerably more homeless people born overseas, many of them from former French colonies, than in 2001. Although the majority of homeless adults in urban areas with a population of 20,000 or more are still male, it is women and children that have seen the largest increase in numbers. Homeless shelters remain the main form of accommodation, but hotel accommodation has developed particularly, as a solution for housing the ever growing number of homeless couples. The number of adults housed in hotels has more than tripled. As regards their situation on the labour market, a quarter of homeless adults aged under 65 are in paid work. Almost half say that they are "unemployed" and one in ten is not allowed to work (most notably asylum seekers or those on sick leave of more than three months). The most frequent source of homeless people's income is the RSA ("active solidarity income"), followed by earned income. Housing benefit and family allowance are frequently mentioned by French-speaking homeless people, whilst the ATA (temporary interim allowance) is a common source of income for non-French speakers. Homeless people's perceived state of health is worse than that of people living in ordinary housing. Non-French speakers state that they are in good health less often than other homeless people and fewer of them have health coverage.