Decrease in business start-ups in April 2015Enterprises births - April 2015

In April 2015, the whole number of business start-ups shrank (-0.9% after +1.5%) seasonally and working-day adjusted. The registration of self-managed micro-entrepreneurs fell significantly (-4.4%). The increase in other business start-ups (+1.9%) partly offset this drop.

Informations rapides
No 114
Paru le : 13/05/2015
Prochaine parution le : 13/10/2017 at 08:45 - September 2017

Warning: Since December 19, 2014, new provisions defined by the Pinel law of 18 June 2014 apply to self-managed enterprises, now called micro-entrepreneurs instead of “auto-entrepreneurs”. This new denomination is used from December 2014 business start-ups data onward.

This status must be distinguished from both simplified tax scheme (sometimes called tax regime of micro-enterprise) and category of microenterprises defined under Article 51 of the law on the modernization of the economy (LME) and specified by Decree No. 2008-1354.

In April 2015, the whole number of business start-ups shrank (-0.9% after +1.5%) seasonally and working-day adjusted. The registration of self-managed micro-entrepreneurs fell significantly (-4.4%). The increase in other business start-ups (+1.9%) partly offset this drop.

-2.8% year-on-year (quarterly basis)

The raw amount of births added up in the last three months went down compared to the same months one year before (-2.8% for all enterprises and -16.2% for self-managed micro-entrepreneurs alone).

The sectors that most contributed1 to that decrease were construction and retail.

-0.4% year-on-year (twelve months basis)

During the last twelve months, the raw number of business set-ups decreased (-0.4% year-on-year): the decrease in sole proprietorships creations (-1.7%) is partly offset by the rise in companies start-ups (+2.7%).

Nearly half of business set-ups are self–managed micro-entrepreneurs

In March 2015, 49.2% of business set-ups over the last twelve months were micro–entrepreneurs.

TAB0EN – Business set-ups distribution by type %

Raw data moving total over 12 months
Business set-ups distribution by type %
Feb. 2015 March 2015 April 2015
Companies 30.5 30.5 30.7
Sole proprietorships excluding self-managed micro-entrepreneurs 19.1 19.6 20.1
Self-managed micro-entrepreneurs 50.5 49.9 49.2
  • Source: INSEE (Sirene)

TAB1EN – Business set-ups by month (sa-wda *)

Business set-ups by month (sa-wda *)
Jan. 2015 Feb. 2015 March 2015 April 2015
Excl. self-managed micro-entrepreneurs 23,499 23,986 24,327 24,778
Variation [m-o-m] % 2.7 2.1 1.4 1.9
Incl., self-managed micro-entrepreneurs 43,095 43,585 44,240 43,823
Variation [m-o-m] % -8.2 1.1 1.5 -0.9
  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data
  • Source: INSEE (Sirene)

TAB2EN – Business start-ups by type

Raw data
Business start-ups by type
Moving total % change* Moving total Moving total
over 3 months over 12 months January- April 2015 January- April 2014
Total -2.8 -0.4 189,528 199,921
Companies 2.4 2.7 60,269 60,058
Sole proprietorships -5.1 -1.7 129,259 139,863
Of which self-managed micro-entrepreneurs -16.2 -3.7 82,749 100,583
  • * Total of business start-ups during the last 3 or 12 months compared with the same months a year earlier
  • Source: INSEE (Sirene)

Graph1EN – Business start-ups (sa-wda *)

  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data
  • Source: INSEE (Sirene)

(1) The contribution of a sector to the overall variation is the observed variation of this sector, weighted by the share of this sector in the total number of births.

Graph2EN – Trade and business support activities start-ups (sa-wda *)

  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data
  • Source : Insee, Sirene

Graph3EN – Construction and real estate business set-ups (sa-wda *)

  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data
  • Source : Insee, Sirene

TAB3EN – Business set-ups (Incl., self-managed micro-enterprises)

sa-wda *
Business set-ups (Incl., self-managed micro-enterprises)
NA Feb. 2015 March 2015 April 2015
Total 43,585 44,240 43,823
Industry BE 2,170 2,032 2,142
Of which Manufacturing C 1,826 1,746 1,787
Construction FZ 5,364 5,533 5,432
Wholesale and retail trade, Transport, Accommodation and Food and beverage service activities GI 11,979 12,532 12,152
Of which Trade G 8,359 8,343 8,165
Of which Transportation and storage H 1,228 2,048 1,739
Of which Accommodation and food service activities I 2,411 2,356 2,383
Information and communication JZ 2,226 2,219 2,214
Financial and insurance activities KZ 1,292 1,402 1,313
Real estate activities LZ 1,322 1,343 1,370
Business support activities MN 9,505 9,550 9,580
Public administration and defence, education, human health and social work activities OQ 5,437 5,437 5,442
Other services activities RS 4,290 4,193 4,177
  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data
  • Source: INSEE, Sirene

TAB3bisEN – Fluctuation in the number of business set-ups (Incl., self-managed micro-entrepreneurs)

In %
Fluctuation in the number of business set-ups (Incl., self-managed micro-entrepreneurs)
NA April 15 / Marsh 15 Moving total % change**
sa-wda * over 3 months over 12 months
Total -0.9 -2.8 -0.4
Industry BE 5.4 -12.2 -3.4
Of which Manufacturing C 2.4 -14.6 -2.3
Construction FZ -1.8 -17.0 -11.2
Wholesale and retail trade, Transport, Accommodation and Food and beverage service activities GI -3.0 -0.2 0.8
Of which Trade G -2.1 -6.4 -5.0
Of which Transportation and storage H -15.1 53.2 40.2
Of which Accommodation and food service activities I 1.1 0.4 6.6
Information and communication JZ -0.2 4.2 1.2
Financial and insurance activities KZ -6.3 18.2 11.1
Real estate activities LZ 2.1 -2.8 -1.5
Business support activities MN 0.3 -0.1 2.2
Public administration and defence, education, human health and social work activities OQ 0.1 7.1 7.1
Other services activities RS -0.4 -6.3 -3.6
  • * Seasonally and working-day adjusted data
  • ** Total of business start-ups during the last 3 or 12 months compared with the same months a year earlier
  • Source: INSEE, Sirene