In January 2015, the business climate is stable in manufacturing industry, close to its average levelMonthly business survey (goods-producing industries) - January 2015

According to the business managers surveyed in January 2015, the business climate in industry remains stable. The composite indicator which measures is stable at a level (99) very close to its long-term average (100).

Informations rapides
No 11
Paru le : 23/01/2015
Prochaine parution le : 26/09/2017 at 08:45 - September 2017

Manufacturing industry

According to the business managers surveyed in January 2015, the business climate in industry remains stable. The composite indicator which measures is stable at a level (99) very close to its long-term average (100).

Graphang1 – Industrial economic climate - Composite indicator

The turning-point indicator has risen and is in the zone indicating a favourable short-term economic situation.

Graphang2 – Turning-point indicator

The balance of opinion on past change in production has plunged: it has decreased by 7 points and stands below its long-term average. By contrast, the balance of opinion on personal production prospects has jumped (+8 points) at a level which is above its long-term average.

Whereas global order books have slightly declined (–2 points), with a balance more distant to its long-term average, export order books remain stable.

The balance on general production prospects, which represents business managers’ opinion on French industry as a whole, has continuously gone up since October. It has increased by 4 points and is closer to its long-term average.

Finally, the balance on stocks of finished products remains nearly stable, at a level slightly above its normal level.

tableau1 – Industrialists' opinion on manufacturing industrial activity

Balance of opinion, in %
Industrialists' opinion on manufacturing industrial activity
Manufacturing industry Aver. (1) Oct. 14 Nov. 14 Dec. 14 Jan. 15
Composite indicator (2) 100 98 99 99 99
Past activity 4 –1 1 4 –3
Finished-goods inventory 13 12 12 16 15
Global order books –18 –23 –20 –20 –22
Export order books –14 –22 –20 –15 –15
Personal production expectations 5 8 7 5 13
General production expectations –9 –22 –16 –15 –11
  • (1) Long term average since 1976.
  • (2) This indicator is standardized with a mean equal to 100 and a standard-deviation equal to 10.
  • Source: Monthly business survey - INSEE

Sector-based analysis

MAN. OF FOOD PRODUCTS AND BEVERAGES

In the manufacture of food products and beverages, the balance on past activity has sharply increased off and stands at a level significantly above its long-term average. Stocks of finished products have declined at a level close to the normal level. Global and export order books remain nearly stable. The balance on expected activity has increased but stays below its long-term average.

ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT, MACHINE EQUIPMENT

In the manufacture of electrical and electronic equipment, machine equipment, the opinion of industrialists about their past activity is less negative but remains below its long-term average. The balance of opinion on stocks of finished products has decreased slightly below its normal level. The global and foreign demands have gone up but are still considered as very deteriorated, far below their normal level according to the industrialists of this sector. The balance of opinion on production prospects has increased and has almost reached its long-term average.

MAN. OF TRANSPORT EQUIPMENT

Man. of motor vehicles, trailers and semi trailers

In the manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi trailers, the balance on past activity has declined and is below its long-term average. By contrast, the expected production has rebounded and the corresponding balance of opinion has reached a level much above its long-term average. The opinion of the industrialists on the global and export order books has improved. Whereas for the first one, the corresponding balance of opinion is close to its long-term average, for the second one, it is clearly above.

Man. of other transport equipment

In the manufacture of other transport equipment, the balance of opinion on past activity has improved sharply again and stands at a level above its long-term average. The balance of opinion on stocks of finished products has increased but stays below its normal level. The global and export order books have deteriorated. While the first one is described as above its average level, the second one is considered as weakly filled. The balance of opinion on expected activity is stable and clearly above its long-term average.

OTHER MANUFACTURING

In “other manufacturing”, the business managers’ opinion on their past activity and on their production prospects remains stable. In the manufacture of rubber and plastic products and in that of chemicals, the balance of opinion on past activity has sharply risen whereas the balance on production prospects has decreased. The reverse has occured in the manufacture of basic metals and in that of pharmaceutical products. Except in the manufacture of pharmaceutical products, the level of global order books has risen, but has not reached its normal level. The balance of opinion on export order books has decreased, particularly because of the manufacture of pharmaceutical products, but it remains above its long-term average. At last, the balance of opinion on finished-goods inventory has increased by 1 point in “other manufacturing”. Stocks are considered as above their long-term average in the manufacture of basic metals and in that of rubber and plastic products, normal in that of chemicals, and low in that of pharmaceutical products.

tableau2 – Industrialists' opinion in a sector-based approach

Balance of opinion, in %
Industrialists' opinion in a sector-based approach
NA* : (A17) et [A 38 et A 64] Aver.** Nov. 14 Dec. 14 Jan. 15
(C1) Man. of goods products and beverages
Past activity 6 3 9 20
Finished-goods inventory 12 12 17 13
Global order books –18 –18 –12 –12
Export order books –14 –13 –13 –12
Personal production expectations 7 13 2 5
(C3) Electrical and electronic equipment; machine equipment
Past activity 4 –12 –8 –4
Finished-goods inventory 17 19 22 15
Global order books –24 –39 –41 –35
Export order books –21 –38 –37 –33
Personal production expectations 2 –5 –5 1
(C4) Man. of transport equipment
Past activity 8 18 8 –3
Finished-goods inventory 14 6 7 8
Global order books –14 –13 –17 –12
Export order books –12 –23 –18 –14
Personal production expectations 8 13 –4 45
Man. of motor vehicules, trailers and semi-trailers [CL1]
Past activity 3 25 4 –11
Finished-goods inventory 10 –3 3 3
Global order books –20 –27 –33 –21
Export order books –14 –23 –19 0
Personal production expectations 3 10 –23 49
Man. of other transport equipment [CL2]
Past activity 15 0 16 23
Finished-goods inventory 20 19 13 16
Global order books –5 6 4 0
Export order books –10 –22 –16 –30
Personal production expectations 15 31 34 33
(C5) Other manufacturing
Past activity 1 5 1 1
Finished-goods inventory 10 8 12 13
Global order books –20 –27 –26 –24
Export order books –13 –12 –6 –9
Personal production expectations 4 2 8 8
Man. of chemicals and chemical products [CE]
Past activity 5 4 –9 13
Finished-goods inventory 7 6 0 7
Global order books –13 –23 –26 –20
Export order books –8 –18 –18 –9
Personal production expectations 14 7 17 9
Man. of basic pharmaceutical products [CF]
Past activity 16 49 56 3
Finished-goods inventory 9 5 4 3
Global order books 3 –3 36 –5
Export order books 10 1 49 0
Personal production expectations 15 –38 –2 42
Man. of rubber and plastics products [CG]
Past activity –3 –26 –20 –6
Finished-goods inventory 11 17 18 22
Global order books –25 –48 –48 –47
Export order books –18 –35 –23 –18
Personal production expectations –2 –7 –2 –4
Man. of basic metals and fabricated metal products [CH]
Past activity –1 15 4 –12
Finished-goods inventory 7 4 15 19
Global order books –20 –33 –27 –25
Export order books –16 –7 –7 –2
Personal production expectations 1 5 4 8
  • * NA: aggregated classification, based on the NAF rév.2.
  • ** Long-term average since 1976.
  • Source: INSEE - Monthly business survey