Unemployment rate decreased by 0.1 point in Q4 2013ILO Unemployment and Labour Market-related indicators (Labour Force Survey results) - 4th Quarter 2013

In Q4 2013, the average ILO unemployment rate in metropolitan France and overseas departments stood at 10.2%.

Publications for general public
Informations rapides – No 55
Paru le : 03/06/2014
Prochaine parution le : 02/16/2017 at 07:30 - fourth quarter 2016

Warning: Since the first quarter of 2013, the questionnaire of the Labour Force Survey is an updated one. Some questions were renewed, mainly in the objective to make the interviews more fluent thanks to a better wording of the questions. The assessment of the data shows that the new questionnaire has changed the way some interviewees answer to certain questions. This has impacts on the estimates of levels.

In this Informations Rapides, the estimates are based on the results of the new questionnaire. The longitudinal series have been revised to be in coherence with it. It also presents a new improved measure of inactive people who wish a job (unemployment’s halo).

Unemployment rate

The unemployment rate decreased by 0.1 percentage point in Q4 2013 in metropolitan France

In Q4 2013, the average ILO unemployment rate in metropolitan France and overseas departments stood at 10.2%. In metropolitan France only, with 2.8 million people, 9.8% of the active population was unemployed. The unemployment rate decreased by 0.1 percentage points q-o-q. Over a year, it was steady.

graph_cho_nvIR – ILO-unemployment rate

  • Estimation close to +/-0.3 point of the of the level of unemployment rate and of its quaterly variations
  • Covers the population of people living in households, people aged 15 years or more
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

Among inactive people, 1.3 million wish to work but they are not considered as unemployed: they are part of the unemployment’s halo. Over a year, it slightly increased.

tab_cho_nvIR – Ilo-unemployment rate in metropolitan France

Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter
Ilo-unemployment rate in metropolitan France
ILO-unemployment rate (%) Variation in point Thousands
2013Q3 2013Q4 (p)* over quarter over year 2013Q4 (p)*
Total 9,9 9,8 –0,1 0,0 2 788
15-24 years 23,9 22,8 –1,1 –2,6 621
25-49 years 9,2 9,2 0,0 0,4 1 665
50 years and more 6,6 6,4 –0,2 0,1 502
Men 10,0 9,8 –0,2 –0,1 1 453
15-24 years 23,5 22,4 –1,1 –3,2 333
25-49 years 9,3 9,2 –0,1 0,5 862
50 years and more 6,7 6,5 –0,2 –0,2 258
Women 9,7 9,7 0,0 0,1 1 334
15-24 years 24,4 23,3 –1,1 –1,8 288
25-49 years 9,1 9,3 0,2 0,3 803
50 years and more 6,5 6,4 –0,1 0,5 243
  • *(p) = provisional results
  • Covers the population of people living in households in metropolitan France, people aged 15 years or more
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

graph_halo_IR – People in unemployment's halo

  • Covers the population of people living in households in metropolitan France, people aged 15 years or more
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

ILO employment and activity

The employment rate of the population aged 15-64 years was steady in Q4 2013 and over the year, and stood at 64.1%.

The activity rate of the population aged 15-64 years decreased by 0.1 percentage point and stood at 71.1%. Over the year, it was steady.

tab_partpop_nvIR – ILO employment, unemployment and activity in the population aged 15-64 years

Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter - Metropolitan France
ILO employment, unemployment and activity in the population aged 15-64 years
% of people in the age group Variation in point Thousands (1)
2013Q3 2013Q4 (p)* Over quarter Over year 2013Q4 (p)*
Employed people (15-64 years) 64,1 64,1 0,0 0,0 25 547
Men aged 15-64 67,8 67,7 –0,1 –0,5 13 257
Women aged 15-64 60,5 60,7 0,2 0,5 12 290
15-24 years 28,3 28,6 0,3 0,4 2 102
25-49 years 80,9 80,7 –0,2 –0,3 16 386
50-64 years 57,8 58,0 0,2 0,3 7 059
Unemployed persons (15-64 years) 7,1 7,0 –0,1 0,0 2 784
Men aged 15-64 7,6 7,4 –0,2 –0,2 1 451
Women aged 15-64 6,6 6,6 0,0 0,2 1 333
15-24 years 8,9 8,4 –0,5 –1,2 621
25-49 years 8,2 8,2 0,0 0,4 1 665
50-64 years 4,2 4,1 –0,1 0,1 497
Active people (15-64 years) 71,2 71,1 –0,1 0,0 28 331
Men aged 15-64 75,4 75,1 –0,3 –0,6 14 708
Women aged 15-64 67,1 67,2 0,1 0,6 13 623
15-24 years 37,1 37,0 –0,1 –0,7 2 723
25-49 years 89,0 88,9 –0,1 0,1 18 051
50-64 years 61,9 62,1 0,2 0,4 7 557
  • *(p) = provisional results
  • Covers the population of people living in households in metropolitan France, people aged 15-64 years old
  • (1) those data cover the people who are 15-64 years old. They are a little bit different of the data in table 1 (which covers the total population).
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

Updated questionnaire

For this publication, we provide backdated series before 2013. In comparison with the series based on the previous questionnaire, the impact on the unemployment rate is estimated at 0.5 percentage point.

The new questionnaire also leads to a higher level of underemployment and of unemployment’s halo. In the unemployment’s halo case, an other effect is due to an harmonization with Eurostat’s concepts (see methodological documents).

tab_nvcho_nvIR – Estimated effects of the new questionnaire over unemployment, employment and activity

Seasonally adjusted, average over quarter - Metropolitan France
Estimated effects of the new questionnaire over unemployment, employment and activity
2013Q1 2013Q2 2013Q3 2013Q4
ILO-Unemployment rate
New questionnaire 9,9 9,9 9,9 9,8
Effects of new questionnaire –0,5
Previous questionnaire, rebuilt series for 2013 10,4 10,4 10,4 10,3
Employment rate - employed people 15 - 64 years
New questionnaire 63,9 64,0 64,1 64,1
Effects of new questionnaire 0,1
Previous questionnaire, rebuilt series for 2013 63,8 63,9 64,0 64,0
Activity rate - employed people 15 - 64 years
New questionnaire 71,0 71,1 71,2 71,1
Effects of new questionnaire –0,3
Previous questionnaire, rebuilt series for 2013 71,3 71,4 71,5 71,4
  • Covers the population of people living in households in metropolitan France
  • Source: INSEE, Labour Force Survey

Revision

Due to the integration of the survey among non respondent people, the ILO unemployment rate of Q3 2013 downgraded by 0.1 point with regard to the temporary publication of December 2013.