Économie et Statistique n° 393-394 - 2006Life Story survey
Perception and experience of intolerant behaviour An analysis of the «Relations avec les autres» (Relationships with others) section of the Histoire de vie survey
The Relationships («Relations avec les autres») section of Life Story («Histoire de vie») survey is centred on a question which uses the terms of the anti-discrimination legislative measure, although modifying these slightly, without explicitly mentioning the term «discrimination». The people questioned in the survey could therefore report the negative attitudes that they had experienced in extremely various incidents, ranging from mocking to rights violations. One third of these people gave at least one reason for which they felt they had been subjected to negative treatment, with this proportion being significantly higher amongst young people. Mocking was the most commonly reported negative treatment, with unfair treatment, exclusion and rights violations being less reported. 39% of those people who reported experiencing at least one negative behaviour considered that it had had material, professional, relational and psychological consequences, sometimes serious, on their life, but many also stated that they had got additional energy from this negative treatment. Many of the instances of intolerant behaviour, which were often quite significant but did not have serious consequences, took place during childhood or adolescence, generally in the school environment. Others occurred in public. This negative behaviour is based on physical appearances and is often racially motivated. Negative behaviour is also reported in the workplace. The consequences of this behaviour seem to be greater at the recruitment stage than during a person's career, although these consequences can still be significant (e.g. no promotion, redundancy). Therefore, a frequently reported consequence of this behaviour is not being accepted for a job. Finally, negative behaviour associated with family conflicts are separate, having little relation with what is generally understood as «discrimination».