Community innovation survey/ CIS 2012

Dernière mise à jour le : 25/11/2016

Présentation de l'opération

Organisme producteur :

Insee. Direction des statistiques d'entreprises (DSE)

Type d'opération :


Objectifs :

The main objectives of the Community Innovation Survey (CIS) 2012 are:
-to provide quantitative information on the frequency of innovation in enterprises (frequency in terms of number of companies and share of turnover that results from innovation);
-to describe the different aspects of the innovation process ( innovation expenditure, cooperation, strategies, etc.);
-to understand the mechanisms that explain in which area an enterprise can be innovative.

Thèmes abordés :

The main topics covered in the survey are as follows:
-frequency of innovation by innovation type (products, processes, organisational, marketing): number of enterprises that have introduced such innovations during the period 2010 to 2012;
-degree of innovation: turnover share (2012) from good or service innovations introduced between 2010 and 2012 : goods or services that are new to the market, goods or services that are new to the enterprise only;
-expenditure associated with product and process innovation activities according to a simple nomenclature: expenditure on research and development
- R&D (internal/external), innovation-related equipment expenditure (excl. R&D); acquisition of external knowledge-related expenditure and others types of expenditures.
-other aspects of the innovation process concerning product and process innovations (qualitative questions only): public funding, forms of cooperation to develop innovations, strategies to achieve business goals;
- competitiveness of product and process innovations;
- existence of public contracts (innovative or not);- existence of a subcontracting activity (innovative or not).

Champ de l'opération

Champ géographique :

Metropolitan France and overseas departments

Champ(s) statistique(s) couvert(s) :

This survey is harmonised at European level in accordance with regulations covering innovation statistics; it covers the following activities (divisions in NAF rev. 2):
-Mining and quarrying (divisions 05 to 09);
-Manufacturing (divisions 10 to 33);
-Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply (division 35);
-Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation (divisions 36 to 39);
-Construction (divisions 41 to 43);
-Wholesale trade, excluding cars and motorcycles (division 46);
-Transportation and storage (divisions 49 to 53);
-Information and communication (divisions 58 to 63);
-Financial service activities, except insurance and pension funding (division 64 to 66);
-Architectural and engineering activities; technical testing and analysis (division 71);
-Scientific research and development (division 72);
-Advertising and market research (division 73);

Caractéristiques techniques

Unité statistique enquêtée :

Market and operating enterprises of 10 employees or more.

Périodicité de l'opération :

This survey takes place every two years and covers a three-year period. CIS2012 (eighth survey) covers the three years 2012, 2011 and 2010.

Période et mode de collecte :

The survey was conducted between June and December 2013.
The survey is carried out via the internet, with the possibility of replying by paper on request. The companies receive a letter with the letter of presentation of the survey containing the internet link as well as the username and the password allowing to answer online.

Historique :

The Community Innovation Survey (CIS) is designed to meet the European political demand for statistics on innovation expressed at the Lisbon summit in 1997. The CIS is based on the Oslo manual, produced according to guidelines from the OECD and defining survey methodologies and the notions of innovation.
The first edition of the survey, CIS1  was conducted in 1993 and focuses only on product innovations (goods or services) or processes. The scope of the survey is that of industrial enterprises.
The scope of the survey and its content evolves over the years and the survey becomes more regular. New subjects appear in CIS2 carried out in 1997: the existence of unsuccessful innovation projects, the use of public funding, obstacles to innovation, etc. In 2001, CIS3 extended the scope of the survey to trade and service enterprises. In 2005, CIS4 (reference year2004 ) covers all sectors of activity with a broadening of the notion of innovation by also examining organizational and marketing innovations. This is a turning point for the survey because it is from CIS4 that the questionnaire of the Innovation survey will take the form it currently has.
As of 2009, various additional modules appear in CIS. CIS2008 (sixth survey) includes a module focusing on environmental benefits and another on the level of decision-making for innovation projects (at the group / firm / institution level, etc.)
CIS2010  is conducted with companies belonging to divisions 05 to 81 of NAF rev. 2, with the exception of divisions 45, 47, 55, 56 and 75, and includes two specific modules: one dealing with factors hampering innovation in products or processes, the other dealing with creativity and skills acquired in internal or external (software development, web design, etc.)

Plan de sondage :

The CIS2012 sample is taken directly from the SIRUS file. It is composed of approximately 22,300 companies. It was set up in such a way as to ensure also a representativeness, on all or part of the sectoral field of the survey, in the following 9 regions: Auvergne, Corsica, Guyana, Limousin, Nord-Pas de Calais, Pays de la Loire , Picardy, Provence-Alps-Cote d'Azur and Rhone-Alps.