Everyday Life and Health Survey / VQS

Dernière mise à jour le : 11/08/2014

Présentation de l'opération

Organisme producteur :

Drees (Direction  de la recherche, des études, de l'évaluation et des statistiques)

Partenariat :

Project implementation is carried out by INSEE.

The operation has been designed in partnership with a group including:

- Caisse Centrale Mutualité Sociale Agricole (CCMSA) ;
- Caisse Nationale d'Assurance Vieillesse (CNAV) ;
- National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS) ;
- Caisse Nationale de Solidarité pour l'Autonomie (CNSA) ;
- Direction générale de la cohésion sociale (DGCS) ;
- National Institute of Demographic (Ined) ;
- National Institute for Health and Medical Research (Inserm) ;
- Institute for Research and Documentation in Health Economics (Irdes) ;
- Maison des sciences sociales du handicap (MSSH) ;
- University of Paris 1;

The National Union of Family Associations (Unaf) has joined this group which has been transformed into a group supervising the first research from the collected data.

Type d'opération :

Statistical survey

Objectifs :

The Everyday Life and Health Survey (VQS) focuses on the living conditions of older people, on their difficulties in performing the various activities of daily life and on the care they receive.

The goals of this survey are to better understand the health of senior citizens and people living with them, to have information on each French department and to build the sampling frame of the CARE "seniors" survey in ordinary dwellings (provided in 2015).

The public support of elderly disability is decentralized, so the need for information at the departmental level is important. Departments are indeed the leaders of the social action aimed at the elderly.

The short format of the VQS survey allows for the possibility of a large sample, which can easily meet a goal of representativeness for all departments, allowing comparisons between the territories. Its simple questionnaire moreover guarantees optimal use by local actors. Departmental results will also be produced for the French Overseas Departments (excluding Mayotte), territories on which health data are relatively unavailable or unusable.

The Everyday Life and Health Survey (VQS) is a "filter survey" intended to prepare the sample for an in-depth survey on  the capabilities, resources and care for the elderly (CARE). Disabled older people are relatively rare in relation to the general population: about 10% of persons aged 80 years or more and living at home are recipients of the Personalised Autonomy Allowance (APA) against 1% of 60-79 years (source: annual Survey of APA recipients - DREES). It is therefore important to be able to over-represent them in the sample of a survey that focuses on their characteristics and their situations in order to produce sufficiently robust results.

The VQS survey thus consists in sending a short questionnaire to a large number of households. Based on the responses to this questionnaire, a score of presumed disability is built in order to allocate each person to a presumed disability groups. These groups are then used to build the sampling strata for the CARE survey.

Thèmes abordés :

- general health condition (European mini-module) ;
- sensory difficulties ;
- motor difficulties ;
- cognitive difficulties ;
- home care (provided by professional workers or by friends and relatives) ;
- the use of technical aids or housing adaptation ;
- the official recognition of disability.

Champ de l'opération

Champ géographique :

France except Mayotte

Champ(s) statistique(s) couvert(s) :

Private (i.e. non-institutional) households i.e. not living in communities (nursing homes, homes, prisons, hospitals...) or in mobile homes (sailors, homeless ...).

People living in homes for the elderly are included.

Caractéristiques techniques

Unité statistique enquêtée :

Dwellings in which at least one individual born before 2nd May 1955 lives.

The respondents are all the residents of the dwelling over 15.

Périodicité de l'opération :


Période et mode de collecte :

The survey is conducted by mail and internet between September and November 2014 and then by telephone for non-respondents between November 2014 and February 2015.

Historique :

The first VQS survey was conducted in 1999, prior to the Disabilities-Incapacities-Dependency survey of 2002, and in 2007, prior to the Disability and Health survey of 2008.

In 1999, the survey was collected at the same time as the population census. The enumerator left the survey questionnaire at the same time as the census forms and then collected them all together.

In 2007, the questionnaire was sent by post, apart from for the sub-samples in the French Overseas Departments, which were collected by face-to-face interview. Reminders were issued to households which did not reply to the postal submissions.

Half of the sampled households had thus responded by the end of the postal stage. The others were then contacted and, if necessary, surveyed by telephone or in face-to-face interviews. In total, eight out of ten sampled households thus replied to the survey.

Plan de sondage :

The sample includes approximately 210,000 households (10,000 in the French Overseas Departments).

Voir aussi :