Survey on capabilities, help and resources for seniors living in households 

Care Households

Paru le :Paru le21/06/2024

CARE surveys focus on the living conditions of the elderly, their difficulties in carrying out everyday activities and the help they receive.

The "households CARE" and « institution CARE » surveys have three main objectives: to monitor the evolution of dependency, to estimate the remainder related to dependency and to measure the involvement of the entourage with the elderly.

Since Health and Disability surveys, issues around the dependency of elderly persons have played an important role in public debates. However, current information systems do not provide all answers at national level to the evolution of the number of dependent elderly people. The "seniors" section of the CARE survey will characterize the elderly according to several definitions of the loss of autonomy. The evolution of the prevalence of dependence will be estimated in relation to the Health and Disability Survey - Households section 2008-2009.

The 2011 national debate on dependency has raised many questions about the required financial, human and technical resources. The current information systems do not allow to evaluate at national level the means mobilized by the households facing the dependency and their difficulties to face it.

The purpose of the CARE household survey is to estimate the remaining burden of household dependence, by addressing the costs of dependency and public and private care linked to dependency. The remaining burden is defined by the difference between the costs and the public subsidies involved in the care of dependency. Finally, the survey is aimed at understanding how families organize themselves in order to cope with the remainder: help in everyday activities provided by the relatives, payment with current income of the elderly person, but also sale of wealth, dissaving, credit, financial transfers from the family or renunciation to the cares.

The CARE household survey also seeks to identify the nature, quantity and origin of existing human, financial and technical aids as well as the unmet needs. This objective was already addressed in the " Health and Disability” surveys.

The "caregivers" section supplements the information of the "seniors" section on:
- the caregiver's relationship with the carereceiver,
- the human, financial, material and moral support provided by the caregiver,
- the benefits related to the loss of autonomy of the carereceiver and for which the caregiver has taken steps.

The caregiver will also be asked about his state of health and the consequences of the help provided on his professional, social and emotional life.

The Disability, Incapacity and Dependence (HID) surveys (1998 and 1999) and then Health and Disability Survey - Households and institutions sections and survey of informal carers (HAS) 2007 are strongly related to the CARE household survey. These previous surveys covered the whole population, living in ordinary housing in metropolitan France and in the French overseas departments. The objectives of these surveys were to estimate the number of disabled or dependent persons by type of disability, to measure certain indicators resulting from the public health law, to identify the nature, quantity and origin of the existing aid, to list the unmet needs and to measure the social disadvantages suffered by people with disabilities.

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Directorate of Research, Studies, Evaluation and Statistics

Punctual or aperiodic