Victimisation survey - Living environment and security / CVS

Dernière mise à jour le : 15/02/2016

Présentation de l'opération

Organisme producteur :

Insee. Direction des statistiques démographiques et sociales (DSDS)

Partenariat :

- The French National Supervisory Body on Crime and Punishment (ONDRP);

- National security Statistical Department (SSMSI);

Type d'opération :


Objectifs :

The objective of the "victimisation" survey - Living environment and security (CVS) - is to take account of any criminal acts of which households and their members have been victim in the two years preceding the survey.

This survey is therefore used to measure the prevalence and incidence of certain attacks on people and property as well as the frequency of complaints filed with the police force and gendarmerie for each type of crimes but it also focuses on crimes which were not the subject of complaint.

The survey also examines the opinions of the whole population (victims and non-victims) in terms of living environment and safety.

Thèmes abordés :

- Act(s) of destruction or damage to property (housing and vehicles): burglaries, thefts or attempted thefts, violence etc.

- Personal theft(s) or attempted personal theft(s), physical violence, threats and insults;

- Opinions on living environment and the feeling of insecurity, whether the respondent was exposed to problems related to drugs, alcohol or other trafficking;

- Consequences of victimisation: filing of complaints, declaration(s) to the authorities, psychological damage, adopting of new forms of behaviour, etc.

Champ de l'opération

Champ géographique :

Metropolitan France

Champ(s) statistique(s) couvert(s) :

So-called "ordinary" households, i.e. excluding households living in collective households (hostels, prisons, hospitals, etc.) and living in mobile accommodation (boatmen, the homeless, etc.)

Caractéristiques techniques

Unité statistique enquêtée :

An individual aged 14 or over (on January 1 of the survey year) is selected from each household (Kish individual). In order to be able to respond to self-administrated questionnaire, the Kish individual must be 18 or over on the day of the survey and aged less than 75 on January 1 of the survey year.

Périodicité de l'opération :


Période et mode de collecte :

The survey is conducted on an annual basis from February to April. The collection method used is a questionnaire administered by INSEE interviewers using a computer-assisted collection method (Capi) and, for personnal questions, based on a self-administrated questionnaire to guarantee the complete confidentiality of the responses.

Victim support associations have contributed their experience regarding the wording of these sensitive questions and the survey protocol. In order to enable people of foreign origin to respond, self-administrated questionnaire has been translated into Arabic, English, Portuguese, Turkish and German, the five languages most spoken in France by non-French speakers.

Historique :

In 2005 and 2006, victimisation surveys were conducted based on the model introduced in the ongoing Living Conditions survey (EPCV), which has traditionally contained questions on  victimisation (burglaries, thefts of cars and thefts from cars, attacks including violent and simple thefts) since 1996.

This "Living environment and security" module, which was introduced in 2005 then repeated in identical fashion in 2006, serves to tackle other types of victimisation: vandalism of accommodation or cars, theft of two-wheeled vehicles, as well as questions of opinion dealing with problems involving living environment and security (state of buildings, traffic difficulties, police presence, drug problems, etc.).

This is the first series of surveys used to measure trends in delinquency in whole metropolitan France based on more than administrative statistics alone (filing of complaints with the gendarmerie or police).

From 2007, the annual victimisation surveys became a stand-alone-survey devoted to this topic. Following on from the previous surveys, they also provide new informations. These surveys supply not only an evaluation of the proportion of people who are victims of violence, but also improve awareness of the profile of victims.

Plan de sondage :

The sample consists of 22 800 units (approximately 15,500 respondent households). In 2016, it includes an extension on priority areas.

People aged 14 years or older on January 1 of the year of the survey are surveyed (just one person per household).

Voir aussi :