Information and Daily Life Survey / IVQ in 2004
Présentation de l'opération
Organisme producteur :
Insee. Direction des statistiques démographiques et sociales (DSDS)
Operation conducted in partnership and monitored by a steering committee with representatives from: - French Agency for the Fight Against Illiteracy (ANLCI) - National Economic Planning Agency (CGP) - Economics and Statistics Research Centre (CREST) - Research and Social Studies Department (DARES) of the Ministry for Labour - Programming and Development Department (DPD) of the Ministry for State Education - National Demographic Studies Institute (INED) - National Labour and Professional Guidance Studies Institute (INETOP) - National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE). The General Delegation for Employment and Vocational Training, Interministry Delegation for Urban Affairs, National Poverty Monitoring Centre and the General Delegation for the French Language and Languages of France then joined this committee.
Type d'opération :
The Information and Daily Life (IVQ) Survey helps us to understand a major social problem: the mastery of basic skills (writing, communicating and counting) through the evaluation of skills in adults. The aim of this survey is thus to improve our understanding of the distribution of the adult population according to levels of reading skills in daily life (personal and professional). Three fundamental aspects of writing are tested: reading of words, writing of words and comprehension of a simple text. The IVQ survey generally aims to improve the assessment of adults in the field of number work. It also contributes information about the evaluation of the educational system, the workings of the job market, aspects of illiteracy in France and the resources dedicated to its eradication.
Thèmes abordés :
- Reading, numeracy and oral comprehension skills - Mother tongues, languages that people learn to read and currently speak - Difficulties during school careers - Job finding procedures - Reading-related leisure activities - If necessary, the procedures used to circumvent difficulties encountered in daily life In order to achieve a better understanding of the pathways through life of the people surveyed, a background questionnaire is proposed, which covers their origins, their places of residence, schooling in France or elsewhere, etc.
Champ de l'opération
Champ géographique :
Metropolitan France , Martinique, Réunion and Guadeloupe
Champ(s) statistique(s) couvert(s) :
"Ordinary" households, i.e. excluding households living in institutional collective dwellings units (hostels, prisons, hospitals, etc.) and those living in mobile accommodation (e.g. boatmen, homeless people, etc.).
Unité statistique enquêtée :
Individual between 18 and 65 years old (a single individual per household)
Périodicité de l'opération :
Période et mode de collecte :
The survey was conducted from October to December 2004 by interviewers in face-to-face interrogations using a computer-assisted data collection method (CAPI). In order to motivate the respondents, the exercise materials were varied and not very academic, instead resembling the documents encountered in daily life (TV programmes, music CDs, etc.). The level of difficulty of the exercise is adapted to the skill level of the person, by means of a guidance procedure after a core assessment of literacy and numeracy skills. Therefore, the persons who perform at or above a minimum standard are routed to more complex items, which allows for the definition of skills such as the ability to select the essential information in a text. On the other hand, if the results following the procedure are poor, the respondent takes a test consisting of quite basic tasks dedicated to understand his or her difficulties in relation to written language.
An initial Information and Daily Life (IVQ) survey was conducted in 2002. Illiteracy surveys previously conducted by INSEE had, until this time, been of a declarative type: the person surveyed mentioned whether he or she had problems reading newspapers, writing cheques, etc. The need to use comprehension tests to verify these subjective declarations soon became apparent. This is why, in the framework of the 2004 IVQ study, tests were created by specialised research teams, taking account of the specific characteristics of the public and the conditions for the performance of the survey. This survey was thus renewed in 2004 in this form, with the improvement of certain points such as the performance of exercises and the integration of new information into the background questionnaire. Furthermore, the size of the sample for the 2002 IVQ survey was quite restricted (approximately 2,000 people) and did not allow for very detailed analyses of sub-populations, such as people with reading difficulties (approximately 200).
Plan de sondage :
The sample consisted of approximately 10,400 households.
Autres spécifications :
Regional extensions take place in the Pays-de-Loire and Nord-Pas-de-Calais regions. The IVQ survey was also conducted in Martinique in 2006, Reunion Island in 2007 and Guadeloupe in 2008, with representative samples of the population aged between 16 and 65 years old.