Statistics on income and living conditions / EU-SILC 

Dernière mise à jour le : 26/05/2016

Présentation de l'opération

Organisme producteur :

Insee. Direction des statistiques démographiques et sociales (DSDS)

Type d'opération :

Survey and panel

Objectifs :

The European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) is an instrument aiming at collecting timely and comparable cross-sectional and longitudinal multidimensional microdata on income, poverty, social exclusion and living conditions. This is the major source of comparative statistics on income and living conditions in Europe.

This system responds to a demand of the European Commission and is steered by Eurostat.

The "Statistiques sur les ressources et conditions de vie" (SRCV) instrument is the French part of the EU-SILC.

The first aim of EU-SILC is to produce structural indicators of social cohesion and social inclusion ("Laeken indicators") for the annual report to the Commission.

It allows to have a better understanding on the level and composition of poverty and social exclusion and permits to establish reliable and relevant comparisons between the Member States.

Thèmes abordés :

Each year, the target primary areas  cover the following themes:

- socio-demographic characteristics of households members;

- components of annual income: income from employment, property income, government transfers received, current transfers from other households etc ;

- labour information;

- financial situation of households: savings, debt etc;

- living conditions: indicators of material deprivation, housing and equipment, environment and health.

A so-called "ad hoc" secondary module has been added each year since 2005. It goes in greater depth into certain topics, such as the equipment and commodities of the dwelling, over-indebtedness, material deprivation, etc.

The data from these complementary modules are included in the annual spring report to the European Council.

In addition to this, since 2008, France introduced supplementary questions on social indicators : some of them were present in the former survey on living conditions (EPCV).

Three sets of supplementary questions have been defined, each being applied every three years:

- the first one is on health, associative activities, professional relationships and social participation;
- the second on sports and recreation;
- he third on social mobility and contacts with close personal relations.

Since 2008, a statistical matching is made with the tax sources for the year, in particular with. the tax returns for year N. The amounts of social benefits actually received by the households over the reference year N are collected directly from the three main Benefit funds in France: the national family allowances fund (CNAF), the national old-age insurance fund (CNAV) and the central agricultural social insurance fund (CCMSA).

A self-administered questionnaire on well-being has been introduced since 2010 in the french part of the EU-SILC. Every year, a sub-sample (one-ninths) is concerned.

Champ de l'opération

Champ géographique :

Metropolitan France

Caractéristiques techniques

Unité statistique enquêtée :

For cross-sectional data, the survey unit is the househod. In order to compute the people's standard of living, all members of households are interviewed on the individual income they received.

For longitudinal data, the survey unit is the sample persons who are the persons selected to constitute the sample in the first wave of a longitudinal panel

Périodicité de l'opération :


Période et mode de collecte :

The survey is conducted face-to-face from May to June using computer assisted personal inter-aided method. The data is collected annually in the form of a panel survey. 

The principle consists in surveying the same sample of households and individuals in nine consecutive years in France (Most of the countries have a rotational design based on four rotational groups as recommended by Eurostat).

Unlike other surveys of households, a household questionnaire is completed and an individual questionnaire is completed for each person aged 16 years or over in the household.

Historique :

In 1994, EUROSTAT - the statistical office of the European Union - set up the ECHP: European Community Household Panel.

The aim was to study the income and the living conditions of different categories of households within the European Union.

The European Community Household Panel was carried out until 2001 and was, as its name indicates, a panel: the individuals belonging to the initial sample were surveyed again each year, even if they moved.

The "Statistics on Income and Living Conditions" (SILC) instrument took over from the Panel in 2004.

The SILC instrument is governed by a 2003 European Regulation establishing the themes to be addressed to a greater degree of detail than previously with the European Panel and with a larger coverage in Europe.

The aim is to provide the European Union with a database of comparable data that is updated each year and which will serve as a reference in matters of income, living conditions and social exclusion in the Member States.

The current French SRCV system took over from the former permanent survey of living conditions (EPCV) system in 2004: it reprises some questions from the EPCV to produce social indicators considered indispensable for the specific needs of the French statistical institute but not required within the European framework.

Plan de sondage :

About 12,000 households surveyed each year.
At the first year, nine panels of individuals are drawn. Each year, one panel is dropped out and a new one is substituted for.

It is therefore a rotating sample renewed by one-ninths.

Voir aussi :