Community innovation survey/ CIS 2014

Dernière mise à jour le : 27/08/2015

Présentation de l'opération

Organisme producteur :

Insee. Direction des statistiques d'entreprises (DSE)

Type d'opération :


Objectifs :

The main objectives of the Community Innovation Survey (CIS) are to measure the economic weight of innovation in France, by  providing quantitative information on the frequency of innovation in enterprises (in terms of number of companies per business sector and size class), by providing information on innovation expenditures, and by describing the different aspects of the innovation process (innovation activities, cooperation, public financial support etc.)

CIS is the main statistical source on enterprise innovations in France and in Europe.

CIS depends on the Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) n° 995/2012 of 26 October 2012 laying down detailed rules for the implementation of Decision No 1608/2003/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning the production and development of Community statistics on science and technology.

Thèmes abordés :

The main topics covered in the CIS2014 survey are as follows:

- frequency of innovation by innovation type (products, processes, organisational, marketing)
- turnover share (in 2014) from product or service innovations introduced between 2012 and 2014 
- expenditure associated with product and process innovation activities
- public funding (European and national)
- forms of cooperation to develop innovations,
- intellectual property rights
- non-innovative enterprises : reasons that explain the absence of innovation during the 2012-2014 period
- innovations with environmental benefits

Champ de l'opération

Champ géographique :

Metropolitan France and overseas departments

Champ(s) statistique(s) couvert(s) :

This survey is harmonised at European level in accordance with regulations covering innovation statistics. CIS2014 covers the following activities (NAF rev. 2):

- Manufacturing, mining and quarrying and other industrial activities (sections B to E)
- Construction (section F)
- Wholesale and retail trade, transportation and storage (section G)
- Transports (section H)
- Accommodation and food service activities (section I)
- Information and communication (section J)
- Financial and insurance activities (section K)
- Real estate activities (section L)
- Professional, scientific, technical, administrative and support service activities ;  public administration and defence, education, human health and social work activities (sections M and N except 75 and 82)

Caractéristiques techniques

Unité statistique enquêtée :

Legal unit (10 employees or more)

Périodicité de l'opération :

This survey takes place every two years and covers a three-year period. CIS2014 covers the three years 2012 to 2014.

Période et mode de collecte :

CIS2014 was launched in June 2015. 
The survey mainly takes place on internet. However, a paper response is also possible..

Historique :

The first French CIS took place in 1993 and focused on product and process innovation in  the manufacturing sector. It was carried out until 2005 every 4 years (1997, 2001, 2005) and then every 2 years( 2007, 2009, 2011 and 2013).

Plan de sondage :

The CIS2014 sample comes from the statistical register SIRUS.

The sample contains 23 000 units. All units with 250 employees or more are surveyed. The sample plan is stratified by business sector and size class for the other units.

Méthodologie :

The aim of CIS 2010 is to understand the mechanisms that explain in which area an enterprise it innovative. It is governed by a European framework and covers active, market and agricultural enterprises with 10 or more employees.

The European regulation stipulates that data should be provided according to indicators based on the following 9 main themes:

1 - enterprises with innovation activity
2 - enterprises that have introduced a new product on the market
3 - turnover related to new products on the market
4 - turnover related to innovative products but which already existed on the market
5 - cooperation with other enterprises for innovation activities
6 - innovation expenditure
7 -  very important effects of innovation
8 - very important information sources
9 - hampering factors

Eurostat drew up a list of tables where information on all these indicators could be entered and a series of additional elements.

The regulation stipulates that information should be provided at several sector levels, up to division level (2 digits in NACE), several size classes (10-49, 20-49, 50-249, 250 and more) and regional level for SMEs (defined as enterprises of 10 to 249 employees).